position

Card Set Information

Author:
anjira
ID:
161373
Filename:
position
Updated:
2012-07-06 21:23:29
Tags:
Anat391
Folders:

Description:
relative position of structures as compared to anatomical planes
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  1. Medial
    • closer to midline, in reference to median sagittal plane.
    • ie. left eye is medial to left ear
  2. Lateral
    • farther from midline, in reference to median sagittal plane
    • ie. arms are lateral to trunk
  3. Anterior (ventral)
    • closer to front, in reference to coronal (frontal) plane
    • ie. heart is anterior to vertebral column
  4. Posterior (dorsal)
    • closer to back, in reference to coronal (frontal) plane
    • ie. vertebral column is posterior to stomach
  5. Superior (cranial)
    • closer to head, in reference to transverse (horizontal) plane
    • ie. neck is superior to trunk
  6. Inferior (caudal)
    • closer to feet (tail)
    • ie. kidneys are inferior to lungs
  7. Proximal
    • closer to the toot of the structure
    • ie. arm is proximal to forearm
  8. Distal
    • father from the root of the structure
    • ie. ankle is distal to knee
  9. Superficial
    • closer to the surface of the body
    • ie. ribs are superficial to the heart
  10. Deep
    • father from the surface of the body
    • ie. lungs are deep to ribs
  11. Palm
    • palmer aspect of hand
    • ie. hairs dont grow on the skin of the palm
  12. Sole
    • plantar aspect of the foot
    • ie. skin of the sole is thick
  13. Dorsum
    • dorsal aspect of hand or foot
    • ie. superficial veins run deep in the skin of the dorsum of hand
  14. Ipsilateral
    • on the same side of the body
    • ie. left arm and left leg are ipsilateral
  15. Contralateral
    • on the opposite side of the body
    • ie. right elbow and left wrist are contralateral
  16. Internal
    • inside a body cavity or a hollow structure
    • ie. internal iliac artery is located inside the pelvic cavity
  17. External
    • outside the body cavity or a hollow structure
    • ie. exteral carotid artery is located outside the cranial cavity.

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