Cranialnerves.txt

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Author:
anjira
ID:
161404
Filename:
Cranialnerves.txt
Updated:
2012-07-07 04:29:35
Tags:
Anat391
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Description:
Cranial nerves
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  1. I
    • Name: Olactory
    • Components: Sensory
    • Function: Olfaction
    • Opening to Skull: Cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone
  2. II
    • Name: Optic
    • Components: Sensory
    • Function: Vision
    • Opening to Skull: Optic canal
  3. III
    • Name: Oculomotor
    • Components: Motor/autonomic
    • Function: Some of the extra ocular muscles, ciliary muscles, & sphincter pupil
    • Opening to Skull: Superior orbital fissure
  4. IV
    • Name: Trochlear
    • Components: Motor
    • Function: One of the extra ocular muscles
    • Opening to Skull: Superior orbital fissure
  5. V
    • Name: Trigeminal
    • Ophthalmic division/Sensory
    • Maxillary division/Sensory
    • Mandibular division/Sensory,Motor
  6. What is the function of the Ophthalmic division & where does it open to the skull?
    • Mainly cornea, skin of the forehead, upper eyelids
    • Superior orbital fissure
  7. What is the function of the Maxillary division & where does it open to the skull?
    • Mainly skin of the face b/w the lower eyelid & upper lip, nasal cavity, upper teeth, & palates
    • Foraman rotundum
  8. What is the function of the Mandibular division & where does it open to the skull?
    • Mainly skin covering the mandible, lower teeth, ottar cavity (except palates), & the muscles of mastication
    • Foraman ovale
  9. VI
    • Name: Abducent
    • Components: Motor
    • Function: One of the extra ocular muscles
    • Opening to Skull: Superior orbital fissure
  10. VII
    • Name: Facial
    • Components: Sensory/motor/autonomic
    • Function: Taste of the anterior two-thirds of the tongue, muscles of facial expression, submandibular, sublingual, & lacrimal glands
    • Opening to Skull: Internal acoustic (auditory) meatus
  11. VIII
    • Name: Vestibulocochlear
    • Components: Sensory
    • Function: Hearing and balance
    • Opening to Skull: Internal acoustic (auditory) meatus
  12. IX
    • Name: Glossopharyngeal
    • Components: Sensory/motor/autonomic
    • Function: Taste & genial sensation of the posterior one third of tongue, a muscle of the pharynx, & general sensation of the oro-pharynx
    • Opening to Skull: Jugular foramen
  13. X
    • Name: Vagus
    • Components: Sensory/motor/autonomic
    • Function: Pharyngeal& palatine muscles, larynx, trachea, lungs, heart, & parts of the gastrointestinal tract
    • Opening to Skull: Jugular foramen
  14. XI
    • Name: Accessory
    • Components: Motor
    • Function: Sternocleidomastoid & trapezius (spinal root)
    • Opening to Skull: Jugular foramen
  15. XII
    • Name: Hypoglossal
    • Components: Motor
    • Function: Muscles of the tongue (except palatoglossus)
    • Opening to Skull: Hypoglossal canal

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