Ch 11. Digestive System
Card Set Information
Ch 11. Digestive System
1. The 2nd portion (5' long) of small intestine that means to empty is the:
2. The organ that produces bile is the:
3. The lining of the structures in the abdominal and pelvic cavities is the:
peritoneum "that which holds the lower organs"
4. The ring of muscles found in opening between stomach and duodenum is the:
pyloric sphincter "gate keeper: that which binds together"
5. The tube that extends from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach and means gullet is the:
6. The combining forms os-, or/o-, and stomato- all mean:
7. "The combining form that means "small intestines” is:
" enter/o- "usually refers to small intestine: Colo- big intestine"
8. The combining form that means "rectum (straight) and anus (ring)" is:
9. The combining form for small growth is:
polyp/o- "footed growth"
10. The diagnostic term that means inflammation of the stomach, intestines, and colon is:
11. The diagnostic term that means abnormal condition of having diverticula (out-pouchings) in the colon is:
12. The diagnostic term gingivitis means:
inflammation of the gums
13. The diagnostic term chole/lith/iasis means:
condition of gallstones
14. The diagnostic term that means prolapse of the rectum is:
15. The diagnostic term gastro/enter/itis means:
inflammation of the stomach and intestinal track. Also, the surgical opening is referred to as an iliostomy; and the incision is referred to as an iliotomy.
16. The diagnostic term for chronic inflammation of the small and/or large intestines, characterized by cobblestone ulcerations along the intestinal wall and the formation of scar tissue, is:
17. The diagnostic term for the abnormal growing together of two surfaces normally separated is:
18. The diagnostic term ulcerative colitis means:
inflammation of the colon with sores
19. The diagnostic term for a psychoneurotic disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat is:
20. The diagnostic term for a chronic disease of the liver characterized by the gradual destruction of liver cells is:
cirrhosis "yellow orange color produced"
21. The surgical term that means crushing a stone in the common bile duct is:
22. The surgical term cheil/orrhapy means:
suture of the lips
23. The surgical term that means incision in to the abdominal wall is:
24. The surgical term that means suture of the tongue is:
25. The procedural term for X-ray filming of the gallbladder is:
26. The procedural term that means visual examination of the rectum is:
27. The term Endoscopic Gastroscop/e is defined as a(n):
instrument used for visual examination of the stomach
28. The procedural term meaning visual examination within a hollow organ is:
29. The term Proctoscope means:
instrument used for visual examination of the rectum
30. The procedural phrase for a barium enema with X-rays is:
lower GI Series
31. The procedural term for a series of X-ray films taken of the stomach & duodenum after barium has been swallowed is: Upper GI Series
32. The medical term Brady/pepsia means: slow digestion
33. The medical term Dysphagia means: difficult swallowing or eating
34. The medical term a/pepsia means: without digestion
35. The medical term that means physician who specializes in proctology is: proctologist
36. The medical term gastro/dynia means:
pain in the stomach
37. The medical term Peritoneal literally means:
one who holds lower viscera "largest serous membrane in the body"
38. The term for abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity is:
39. The medical term that means washing out the stomach is:
40. The term Di/gest/ion literally means:
the process of/two/separations
41. The physi/ology (science of function or nature) term Peristalsis literally means:
42. The anatomical term Incis/or literally means:
one who cuts in
43. The diagnostic term Stomat/itis means:
inflammation of the mouth
44. The diagnostic term Pyloric Stenosis actually means:
condition of narrowing the gate keeper
45. The anatomical term Gastric Rugae literally means:
46. The diagnostic term Peptic Ulcer literally means:
digestive : sore
47. Hepatitis A, B, and C are caused by a:
48. Hepatitis A is also known as:
49. Hepatitis B is also known as:
50. Hepatitis "___" may be dormant in the body for years before the Signs and Symptoms appear.
51. The diagnostic term Dental Caries literally means:
refers to tooth cavities
52. The word parts dento- and donto- both mean:
53. The diagnostic term Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease can also refer to:
heart burn "GERD"
54. The diagnostic term Reflux literally means:
to flow again "usually backward"
55. The diagnostic term Tartar refers to dental:
plaque "hardened carbonates, phosphates, and organic matter"
56. The diagnostic term Coloscopy refers to viewing and examining the:
57. The diagnostic term Colo/scop/e literally means:
instrument to view the big or large intestine
58. The diagnostic term Colo/scop/y literally means:
procedure of viewing and examining the large intestine
59. The diagnostic term Diverticulosis actually means:
condition of out pouching in the colons rugae or fold
60. The nutritional physiology term Bolus literally means:
ball or lump
61. The nutritional physiology term Chyme literally means:
62. The inflammatory characteristics seen during a Upper GI Examination include:
rubor, tumor, calor, and dolor "red, swelling, heat, pain"
63. The medical abbreviation for the Gastrointestinal System (mouth to anus):
64. The medical term Enema literally means:
65. The diagnostic term Dys/phag/ia literally means:
refers to difficult or faulty swallowing
66. The diagnostic term Dys/phonia actually means:
refers to faulty speaking or speech - hoarseness
67. The diagnostic term "A/phasia" literally means:
68. The diagnostic term Bulem/ia literally means ____________.
69. The diagnostic term Anorexia Nervosa literally means: without appetite:
caused by a "nervous" condition
70. The diagnostic term Hyper/cholesterol/emia is a blood condition with a cholesterol level above ____ mg per dcl (milligrams per deciliter) in a 20 Y/O.
71. The diagnostic term Crohn's Disease is also known as:
chronic regional ileitis
72. The diagnostic term Acute Appendicitis actually means:
sudden inflammation of the appendage attached to the cecum
73. The diagnostic term Dys/entery literally means:
faulty, difficult, and painful intestines
74. The anatomical word part colo- or colono- refers to the big intestine. The word part _______ can refer to the small intestine or both intestines.
75. The alimentary (to nourish) canal is approximately _____ feet long in adults.
76. The diagnostic term Abdominal Hernia refers to:
a rupture or protrusion through the abdominal wall
77. The anatomical term Alimentary literally means:
78. The diagnostic term Amebic (Amoeba) Dysentery refers to:
diarrhea and dehydration caused by the Amebic one cell organism
79. The physiological (function) importance of the digestive system is to:
break foods down into small ingredients to nourish the body cells
80. The diagnostic term Beri/beri refers to ________________ and is caused by the lack of thiamine (part of B Complex: B-1) in the diet.
body weakness "weakness/weakness"
81. The diagnostic term Pell/agra refers to _________ and is caused by the lack of niacin or niacinamide in the diet.
82. The diagnostic term Scurvy literally means __________ and is the lack of Vitamin C in the diet.
83. The diagnostic term Fistula refers to a:
pipe stem like tube or passageway
84. The diagnostic term Atresia refers to:
closure of an opening - "anus, ear, vagina, eye, urethra, +"
85. The diagnostic term Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) refers to:
86. The diagnostic reference of Differential Diagnosis (D.D.) refers to:
determining the difference between 2 or more similar health problems
87. The diagnostic term Hiatal Hernia refers to:
rupturing or protrusion of the stomach up through the diaphragm
88. The anatomical term Sphincter literally means:
to bind together (Tighten)
89. The diagnostic term Pyloric Stenosis refers to the narrowing of the lower end of the _____________ and can lead to regular vomiting in infants.
90. The diagnostic term Volvulus usually refers to _________of the ileum or the colon.
91. Typhus literally means:
stupor "near coma or deep sleep"
92. A Cysto/scopic Exam refers to 'looking at' the ________:
urinary bladder inspection
93. Cholera is commonly referred to as _______________ . It can lead to dehydration, vomiting, muscle cramps, and death. It is caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae.