Ch 14. Endocrine

The flashcards below were created by user Bret_1n on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. 1. The _____________ Endocrine Gland is referred to as the Master Gland (of the body) because it secretes multiple hormones that influence multiple body function.
  2. 2. The name of the Pituitary Hormone that is essential to the growth, development and continue function of the adrenal cortex is:
    Adreno/cortico/trophic hormone - ACTH SYN: Corticotropin
  3. 3. The Pituitary Hormone that stimulates uterine contractions during female labor is:
  4. 4. The pituitary lobe that secretes Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH), Growth Hormone (GH), and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is called the:
    anterior lobe
  5. 5. The _______________ pituitary lobe stores and releases Anti/di/uret/ic Hormone (ADH) and Oxy/tocin.
  6. 6. The Thyroid Hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism is:
    thyroxin or thyroxine
  7. 7. Located in front of the lower voice box and the upper trachea (rough), the ___________ Gland is the largest endocrine gland and is shaped like a shield.
  8. 8. The four small dime size glands that lie directly upon and behind the Thyroid Gland are the _____________ Glands. They secrete para/thormone that is responsible for regulating body calcium usage.
  9. 9. The endocrine glands located above each kidney (divided into 2 portions called the medulla “marrow-like” and the cortex “bark-like”) are the:
    adrenal glands
  10. 10. The name of the hormone that helps to maintain the level of calcium in the blood and is produced by the four Parathyroid Glands is:
  11. 11. The hormone that plays an important role in the control of blood sugar levels and controls hyperglycemic and hypoglycemic body responses is:
    insulin from the beta cells of the Isles of Langerhans in the pancreas “all/fleshy”
  12. 12. The hormone that helps the body deal with stress is:
    epinephrine - alarm stage of the General Adaptation Syndrome “GAS”
  13. 13. The compound term "Poly/dips/ia" literally means:
    much/thirst/refers to
  14. 14. The combining forms that mean "poison" are:
    toxic/o- “toxic”, viro- “virus”, or septo- “septic”
  15. 15. The term Hypo/glyc/emia literally means:
    low or below/sugar levels/blood - tired and fatigued
  16. 16. The prefixes e-, ec-, ect-, ecto-, ex-, and exo- all mean:
    out or outside
  17. 17. The diagnostic term for the state of excessive thyroxin production, which causes high sugar use levels and hyperactivity is:
  18. 18. The medical term Endo/crin/olog/ist actually means:
    specialist in the science and study of glands of internal secretion (into the blood stream)
  19. 19. The diagnostic term for a chronic disease caused by under activity of the Islets of Langerhans (Beta Cells) in the pancreas is:
    Diabetes Mellitus - sweet or sugar excess - Type I and II
  20. 20. Addison’s Disease (AKA _____) is usually idio/pathic (unique to self/disease) and shows a progressive destruction of the ad/renal cortex. In time the tissue is infected by organisms that cause TB, histoplasmosis, and cryptococcosis.
    hypo/adreno/cortic/ism - weakness, vitiligo, nausea, and hypotension
  21. 21. The condition resulting in muscle spasms (poor nerve communications) due to an abnormally low concentration of calcium in the blood is:
    tetany - tension/of muscle
  22. 22. The medical diagnostic term Syn/drome actually means:
    a set of signs and symptoms that run together - together/run
  23. 23. The medical term for the sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in a living organism is _______________. It literally and actually means - the state of/changing/a lump (of food).
  24. 24. The term given to substances secreted by Endo/crine (within blood/secret) Glands that means to urge on is:
  25. 25. The lack of _____________ can cause premature aging.
    Human Growth Hormone “HGH”
  26. 26. President John F. Kennedy had the life threatening condition of ________. All 3 Adreno/cortical (adrenal/cortex) functions are lost or diminished. The body shows skin or membranes discoloration (bronze/purple strips), hemorrhages, weakness, anxiety or depression, infections (TB, Fungal), an/orexia, & neoplasms.
    Addison’s Disease
  27. 27. Graves’ Disease is also known as:
  28. 28. Dwarf/ism (irregular proportioned and "shortness/state") is often seen with Pro/geria (before/old or aged). The probable cause is heredity factors or the lack of Pituitary _______ production that leads to complete premature aging.
  29. 29. The inability to sleep is often caused by the lack of the Pineal Gland to secrete:
  30. 30. The Parathyroid Gland produces Para/thormone, which regulate body calcium blood levels and prevents:
    tetany or muscle spasms
  31. 31. Dr. Andrew Weil, M.D. recommends we stimulate the ___________ Gland (called the Master Gland of the Immune System) with deep breathing exercises.
  32. 32. Fertility pills contain _____________ Hormone that is administered around the 15th day of the female cycle to stimulate ovulation.
    Luteiniz/ing “yellow/process of causing”
  33. 33. Birth Control pills start releasing ____ early in the female cycle (+/- day 9) which stops the release of LH from the Anterior Pituitary. The inhibition of LH around day 15 stops ovulation.
    Pro/gesterone hormone "before/separation: urge on"
  34. 34. The hormone _____ increases in the blood to a level that causes LH to be released from the anterior pituitary. This hormone is the third of the four female cycle hormones (FSH, estrogen, LH and Progesterone)
  35. 35. The hormone ___________ increases quickly in the female blood from the corpus luteum of the egg to a level that inhibits further Luteinizing Hormone (LH) production from the Anterior Pituitary, which stops ovulation.
Card Set:
Ch 14. Endocrine
2012-07-08 15:54:42

Show Answers: