Respiratory System

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  1. Alveol/o
    Aveolus, air sac
  2. Broncho/o
    Bronchus , airway
  3. Bronchiol/o
    Bronchiole , little airways 
  4. Capn/o
    Carbon Dioxide
  5. Laryng/o
    Larynx , voice box
  6. lob/o
  7. Nas/o
  8. or/o
  9. Ox/o
  10. Palat/o
  11. Pharyng/o
    Pharynx , throat
  12. Phren/o
    Diaphragm (mind)
  13. Pleur/o
  14. Pneum/o
    Air or Lung
  15. Pulmon/o
  16. Sinus/o
    Sinus , cavity
  17. Spir/o
  18. Thorac/o
  19. Tonsill
  20. Trache/o
    trachea , wind pipe
  21. Uvul/o
  22. -pnea
    Breathing , dyspnea
  23. Sinuses
    air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavaity
  24. Palate
    Partition between the oral and nasal cavities
  25. Pharynx
    throat, passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larynx
  26. tonsils
    oval lymphatic tissues on each side of the pharynx
  27. Adenoid
    lymphatic tissue on the back 
  28. Uvula
    small projection hanging from the back of the mouth
  29. Larynx
    voice box, passageway for air moving to trachea
  30. Trachea
    windpipe; passageway for air from the larynx
  31. Bronchial tree
    branched airways that lead from the trachea to the alveoli
  32. Rt adn Lt Bronchus
    two airways branching into the lungs
  33. Bronchioles
    progressively smallertubular branches of the airway
  34. Alveoli
    Thing walled microscopic air sacs that exchange gases
  35. Lungs
    spongy organs located int he thoracic cavity responsible for respiration
  36. lobes
    subdivisions of the lungs; two on the left and three on the right
  37. Pleura
    membranes enclosing the lung and lining the thoracic cavity
  38. Pleural Cavity
    potential space between the visceral and parietal layers of the pleura
  39. Diaphragm
    Muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity and moves up and down 
  40. Mediastinum
    Partition that separates the thorax into two compartments and includes heart espohagus trachea thymus gland and lungs
  41. Mucous membranes
    thing sheets of tissue that line the respiratory passages ; secrete mucus
  42. orthopnea
    ability to breathe only in an upright position 
  43. Crackles/rales
    popping sounds heard on ausculation of the lungs when air enters diseased airways
  44. Wheezes/Rhonchi
    high pitches musical sounds heard on ausculation of the lung as air flows through narrowed airways (asthma) 
  45. Stridor
    a high pitched crowing sound that is a sign of obstruction in the upper airways
  46. Caseous necrosis
    degeneration and death of tissue witha  a cheese like appearnce like tuberculosis
  47. dysphonia 
  48. epistaxis
  49. Epi
  50. Stazo
    to drip
  51. Expectoration
    coughing up and spiting out of material from the lungs
  52. Sputum
    Material expelled from the lungs by coughing
  53. Hemoptysis
    coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
  54. ptysis
    to spit
  55. Hympercapnia
    Excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood
  56. Capno 
  57. Carbo
  58. hyperventilation
    excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs causing hypocapnia
  59. hypoventilation
    deficient movement of air in and out of the lungs causing hypercapnia
  60. Hypoxemia
    Deficient amount of oxygen int he blood
  61. hypoxia
    deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells
  62. obstructive lung disorder
    condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs
  63. restrictive lung disorder
    condition limiing the intake of air into the lungs
  64. Pulmonary edema
    fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli
  65. pulmonary infiltrate
    density on an xray representing solid material winthin the air spaces of the lungs indicating inflammatory changes
  66. rhinorrhea
    thin watery discharge from the nose
  67. Asthma
    panting obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes
  68. Atelectasis
    Collapse of lung tissue
  69. Bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchi 
  70. bronchogenic carcinoma 
    lung cancer
  71. bronchospasm
    constriction of bronchi cuased by spasm of the smooth muscle
  72. emphysema
    Obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by overexpansion of the alveoli with air resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange
  73. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    COPD Permanent destructive pulmonary disorder that is a comb of chronic bronchitis and emphysema
  74. cystic fibrosis
    inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally thick viscous muscus that obstructs airways
  75. Laryngitis
    inlammation of the larynx
  76. Coup
    inflammation of the upper airways with swelling that creates a seal bark cough
  77. laryngospasm
    spasm of laryngeal muscles causing constriction
  78. pharyngitis 
    inflammation of the pharynx 
  79. Pleural effusion
    accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
  80. Hemothorax
    accumulation of blood int he pleural cavity
  81. pleuritis/pleurisy
    inflammation of the pleura
  82. Pneumoconiosis
    Chrnoic restrictive pulmonary disease  resulting from prolonged inhalation of fine dusts such as coal, asbestos, or silicone
  83. conio
  84. Pneumonia
    inflammation in the lung caused by infection frombacteria, viruses fungi , parasites or aspiration of chemicals
  85. pneumocystis pneumonia
    pneumonia caused by the Pneumocystis organism a common infection seen in those with HIV
  86. pneumothorax
    air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
  87. pneumohemothorax 
    air and blood in the pleural cavity
  88. Pneumonitis 
    inflammation of the lung often caused by hypsersensitivity to chemicals or dusts
  89. Pulmonary embolism (PE)
    occlusion in the pulmonary circulation most often caused by a blood clot
  90. Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB)
    • diseased caused by presence of bacteria  in the lungs
    • inflammation and necrotizing caseous leions  
  91. sinusitis
    inflammation of the sinuses
  92. sleep apnea
    periods of breathing cessation that occur during sleep
  93. tonsilitis 
    acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils
  94. Upper respiratory infection
    Infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages pharynx adn bronchi
  95. Arterial blood gases (ABGs)
    analysis of arterial blood to determine the adequacy of lung function int he exchang of gases
  96. pH
    a measure of blood acidity or alkalinity
  97. PaO2
    Partial pressure of oxygen measuring the amount of oxygen in the blood
  98. PaCO2
    partial pressure of carbon dioxide measuring amoutn of carbon dioxide in the blood
  99. Polysomnography
    recording of various aspects of sleep for diagnosis of sleep disorders
  100. Ausuclation
    to listen to thelungs
  101. Percussion
    tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate size border or fluid content of a cavity
  102. Pulmonary function testing 
    Direct adn indirect measurements of lung volums and cpacities
  103. tidal volume
    amount of air exhaled after normal inhalation
  104. vital capacity 
    amount of  air exhaled after a maximal inhalation
  105. Peak flow (PF) 
    Peak expiratory flow rate
    measure of the fastest flow of exhaled air after maximal inspiration
  106. Pulse oximetry (po)
    a method of estimating the percentage of oxygen saturation in the blood using arterial pulsation
  107. pnuemonectomy
     removal of an entire lung
  108. thoracentesis
    puncture for aspiration of the chest
  109. thoracoplasty 
    repair of the chest involving fixation  of the ribs
  110. Thoracostomy
    creation of an opening in the chest usually for insertion of a tube
  111. tonsillectomy
    excision of the tonsils
  112. Thoracotomy
    incision into the chest
  113. Tracheostomy
    creations of an opening in the trachea, most often to isnert a tube
  114. Tracheotomy 
    incision into the trachea
  115. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
    device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages
  116. Mechanical ventilation
    mechanical method performed by a respiratory therapist to provide assisted breathinig using a ventilator
  117. bronchodilator
    drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi
  118. expectorant
    drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing
Card Set:
Respiratory System
2012-07-29 18:17:32
Chapter Respiratory system

Chapter 9 Respiratory System terms
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