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What are the 6 sections of the head?
- 1. Crown area (top of head)
- 2. Front center of hairline
- 3. Center of the top of head (between 1 and 2)
- 4. Top of ear
- 5. Nape area
- 6. Base of hairline
What are the 3 general characteristics of a suitable hairstyle?
- 1. Shape of the entire head
- - front view
- - profile (side view)
- - back view
- 2. Characteristics in features:
- - perfect as well as imperfect features
- - defects or blemishes
3. Body structure, posture and poise
What are the 7 facial types?
- 1. Oval
- 2. Round
- 3. Square
- 4. Oblong
- 5. Pear shaped (triangle)
- 6. Heart shaped
- 7. Diamond
What are the characteristics of an oval facial type?
- Perfect face type
- - form basis of modifying all facial types
- 1.5 X longer than its width across brow
- Forehead slightly wider than chin
- Center part works well
- Any style can be worn
- No features to minimize
What are the characteristics of a round facial type?
Round hairline and chin line
Create illusion of length to face (make face look thinner)
Arranging hair on top of head and dressed over ears and cheeks will make face look longer
Don't want layers to end at cheeks as this will make face look longer
Middle part will make face longer
What are the characteristics of a square facial type?
Straight hairline and square jawline
Create illusion of length and offset the squareness of the features
Style should lift off forehead and come forward at sides and jaw to create the illusion of narrowness and softness in the face
Don't want hair to end at jawline as it will draw attention to the strong jawline
What are the characteristics of a pear shape (triangle) facial type?
Narrow forehead and wide jawline and chin line
Create illusion of width in forehead
Hair should be full and high
Partially cover forehead with a fringe of waved hair
Wave patterns (semi curl or soft wAves) will soften the angular jawline giving width to forehead
What are the characteristics of an oblong facial type?
Long, narrow face will hallow cheeks
Make face appear shorter and wider
Little volume at top of head with fringe/bangs
Add fullness to sides to reduce the length of face
What are the characteristics of a diamond facial type?
Narrow forehead with extreme width through cheekbones and narrow chin
Reduce width across cheekbone line
Increase fullness across forehead and at jawline
Keep hair close to head to cheekbones to create the illusion of an oval face shape
What are the characteristics of a heart shaped facial type?
Wide forehead and narrow chin line
Decrease width in forehead and increase width in the Lower part of the face
Reduce width of forehead by styling with a center part or a style slanted one side
Add width and softness to jawline by adding waves starting at chin
What are special considerations for a wide forehead ?
Direct hair over the sides of the forehead
What are special considerations for a narrow forehead?
Direct hair away from face at forehead
What are special considerations for Closed set eyes?
- Typically found on long narrow faces
- Direct hair back and away from face at temples
- A diagonal part with some volume is recommended
What are special considerations for wide set eyes?
Most commonly found on round/square faces
Use higher side fringe to give illusion of length (make face appear Larger making eyes look more proportional
What are special considerations for crooked nose?
Asymmetrical, off center styles are best suited as they draw attention away from nose
A well balanced style will Accentuate the uneven features of face
What are special considerations for a wide flat nose?
Direct hair away from face
Center part will help elongate and narrow the nose
What are special considerations for a long narrow nose?
Avoid styles that are tapered close to head with height on top
Center parts or too much hair around face are bad choices
Create style where hair moves away from face. This will give illusion of wider facial features
What are special considerations for for a round jaw line?
Use straight lines at jaw line
What are special considerations for a square jaw?
Carved lines at the jawline
What are special considerations for a long jaw?
Hair should be full and fall below jaw to direct attention away from it
What is a profile?
An outline of the face, head or figure seen in a side view
What are the 3 basic profiles?
- 1. Straight profile
- 2. Convex profile
- 3. Concave profile
What is a straight profile?
Considered most ideal for it is neither convex or concave
Most hairstyles are flattering
What is a convex profile?
Has A receding forehead and chin
Calls for arrangement over forehead
Style should be close to head at nape, direct hair forward in chin area
What is a concave profile?
Prominent forehead and chin with other features receding inwards
Softly styled hair at the nape with upward movement
Do not build hair on forehead
What are additional considerations for a Receding forehead?
Direct bangs over forehead with outwardly directed volume
What are additional considerations for a large forehead?
Use bangs with little or no volume
What are additional considerations for a small nose?
Appears childlike so use mature styles
Sweeping hair off face creates a line from nose to ear
Top of head should have height and be off forehead do give illusion of length to nose
What are additional considerations for a prominent nose?
Bring hair forward at the forehead with softness around the face
What are additional considerations for a receding chin?
Direct hair forward in chin area
What are additional considerations for a small chin?
Hair should move up and away from the Dave along the chin line
What are additional considerations for a large chin?
Hair is either longer or shorter than chin line will help to camouflage a large chin