Sociology Final

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Anonymous
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16163
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Sociology Final
Updated:
2010-04-25 20:23:24
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sociology
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final terms
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  1. a group of people directly linked by kinship connections
    family
  2. Connections among individuals established either through marriage or through th elines of descent that connect blood relatives
    kinship ties
  3. a socially acknowledged and approved sexual union between two adults
    marriage
  4. Two adults living together in a household with their own or adopted children
    nuclear family
  5. When relatives in addition to a married couple and children live either in the same household or in a close and continuous relationship with one another
    extended family
  6. The family into which a person is born
    family of orientation
  7. The family into which one enters as an adult and within which a new generation of children is brought up
    family of procreation
  8. When a couple lives near or with the bride's parents
    matrilocal
  9. When the couple lives near or with the groom's parents
    patrilocal
  10. A husband or wife has one spouse
    monogamy
  11. A marriage that allows a husband or wife to have more than one spouse
    polygamy
  12. A man may have 2 or more wives
    polygyny
  13. A woman may have 2 or more husbands
    polyandry
  14. The family performs important tasks that contribute to societies basic needs and help perpetuate order
    functionalist perspective
  15. the process by which children learn their society's cultural norm
    primary socialization
  16. the role of a family in assisting adult family members emotionally
    personality stabilization
  17. women's dual roles at work and home
    second shift
  18. marriage ties based on personal selection and sexual attraction or romantic love
    affective individualism
  19. Parents working hard to cultivate their children's talents through many non-school-based activities
    concerted cultivation
  20. The contents of education is much less relevant than the diploma
    credentialism
  21. the idea that students from different social backgrounds are provided different types of education
    hidden curriculum
  22. Speech patterns; demeanors; tastes
    cultural capital
  23. dividing students into groups that receive different instruction on the basis of assumed similarities
    tracking
  24. certain groups have achieved lower scores on standardized tests and other measures of academic success
    achievement gap
  25. a class based set of dispositions such as tastes, language use, and demeanor
    habitus
  26. the achievement gap can be partially explained through black student's reluctance to embrace school norms, which black students associate with white culture
    "acting white" thesis
  27. those who draw from resources from their home culture and mainstream culture
    cultural navigators
  28. argues that education is important because jobs now require more skill and formal education provides the training needed
    technical function theory of education
  29. the study of the size, growth, composition, and distribution of human populations
    demography
  30. a cluster of cities and towns forming a continuous network
    conurbation
  31. "city of cities"
    megalopolis
  32. the movement of the population into towns and cities
    urbanization
  33. emphasizes the interdependence of different city areas
    urban ecology approach
  34. young people seek opportunities elsewhere and leave the old people behing
    "aging in place"
  35. urban revewal
    gentrification
  36. with industrialization both death and birth rates fall to new low levels
    demographic transition theory
  37. all persons who experience an event in a defined time period and who are analyzed as one category
    cohort
  38. used to demarcate the succession of parents
    generation
  39. average length of a generation
    • the average age of mothers when they give birth to daughters
    • about 30 years
  40. common social experiences that affected a range of cohorts over a number of years
    period effects
  41. people born from 1946-1964
    baby boomers
  42. people born from 1964-1976
    generation X
  43. which generation was a baby bust?
    generation X
  44. people born from 1976-1994
    generation Y/millenium generation
  45. another name for generation Y/millennium generation?
    Echo Boomers
  46. generation born from 1994 to present?
    generation Z
  47. 3 types of population pyramids
    rapid growth; slow growth; decline
  48. shape of the pyramid is strongly correlated with...?
    a nations wealth
  49. the process by which economies of many different nations and regions are being transformed into a single integrated economy which is global in scope
    globalization
  50. developed countries in the periphery are beholden to countries in the semi-periphery, which in turn are subjugated by the core developed countries
    world systems theory
  51. lend help to countries in severe economic trouble
    International Monetary Fund
  52. What does IMF stand for?
    International Monetary Fund
  53. society has moved past modern degrees of thought ex. the capability to control the modern world
    postmodernism
  54. belief we are moving beyond old forms of industrial movements
    postindustrialism
  55. Who is the main target of the Global Justice Campaign?
    World Trade Organization

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