7/1

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Author:
obrianstanek
ID:
161815
Filename:
7/1
Updated:
2012-07-10 11:01:22
Tags:
Linguistics Eng 341
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Description:
2nd Test
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  1. Semantics
    • referential meaning
    • concrete nouns
    • ex- dog & chair
  2. Pragmatics
    • situational meaning
    • contextual
    • ex- Baby Sale: The store is selling baby items
  3. Dennotative
    • basic or central meaning
    • ex- dog: four legged creature
  4. Connotative
    • Associative meaning
    • things it makes you think about
    • ex- dog: friendly , runs with the pack or low down dirty dog
  5. Generative Semantics
    • early semantics: denotative, referential meaning
    • feature analysis: what are the semantic primes of meaning
    • assing + or -
    • male adult
    • woman - +
    • man + +
    • boy + -
    • girl - -
  6. Meaning is dynamic
    • protoype theory
    • Bird: fly, feathers, picture robin or blue
    • Bird: leggy woman, middle finger
    • Metaphor: transfer of features form one domain to another
  7. metonymy
    • transfer of meaning based on physical contiguity
    • synecdoche: part for the whole
    • ex- nice threads/ nice clothes
    • cool wheels/ good looking car
  8. Lexical Semantics
    • static and stable
    • synonym
    • antonymy
    • hyponymy
    • polysemy
  9. synonymy
    two words are synonymous small/tiny big/huge/large
  10. antonymy
    • antonyms: oppostie meaning
    • small/large not small / large
  11. hyponymy
    • levels of meaning: super ordinate term
    • animals-mammal-dog-labrador
  12. polysemy
    • multiple related meaning
    • head of the body
    • head of the class
    • head of a beer
  13. Folketymology
    • create a relationship that wsn't there
    • ex- aspargus / sparrow grass
    • devilled eggs / doubled eggs
  14. Homographs
    • written language
    • wind/wind
  15. homophones
    • sound the same
    • pair/pear
  16. homonymy
    • homographs
    • homophones
  17. Converseness
    • relationships that are reciprocal
    • to have one you must have another
    • ex- husband- wife
    • son-father
  18. The meaning of grammatical words fit in semantic and pragmatic categories
    • Definite articles
    • Modal
    • Progressive Active
    • Deixis
  19. Definite Articles
    • the
    • ex- I know that you know that I know what noun I'm talking about
  20. Progressive Active
    • Static verbs do not using progressive (ing)
    • ex- hate, like, owe, love
  21. Modal
    • Can
    • Could
    • might
    • shall
    • should
    • will
    • would
    • must
    • Detonic and epistemic
  22. Detotonic
    • can- ability
    • Could- Past ability/polite request
    • May- permission/ability
    • must- obligation
    • shall- obligation
  23. Epistemic
    • It's about certainty
    • That could be John
    • That may be John
    • That might be John
    • That should be John
    • That must be John
  24. Deixis
    • refers to the system of where things are in place or time
    • Time deixis
    • Place deixis
    • Person deixis
  25. Time Deixis
    • tense or aspect forms
    • ex- we had just finishe dinner when the telephone rang.
  26. Place Deixis
    • demonstrative
    • proximal- this/these
    • distal- that/those
  27. Person Deixis
    • pronoun I
    • context dependent

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