HISTOLOGY CHAPTER 14

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tigermom23
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16192
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HISTOLOGY CHAPTER 14
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2010-04-25 23:08:46
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HISTOLOGY CHPATER
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PERIODONTIUM
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  1. MAIN PRINCIPAL FIBER GROUP
    ALVEOLODENTAL LIGAMENT
  2. 5 FIBER GROUPS
    • 1. ALVEOLAR CREST
    • 2. HORIZONTAL
    • 3. OBLIQUE
    • 4. APICAL
    • 5. INTERRADICULAR
  3. ORIGINATES-ALVEOLAR CREST OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER-
    INSERTS-CERVICAL CEMENTUM AT VARIOUS ANGLES
    ALVEOLAR CREST GROUP
  4. ORIGINATES-ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER APICAL TO ALVEOLAR CREST
    INSERTS-INTO CEMENTUM HORIZONTALLY
    HORIZONTAL GROUP
  5. ORIGINATES-ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER;EXTENDS APICALLY
    INSERTS-APICALLY INTO CEMENTUM IN AN OBLIQUE MANNER
    OBLIQUE GROUP
  6. RADIATES FROM THE APICAL REGION OF THE CEMENTUM
    INSERTS-INTO SURROUNDING ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER
    APICALGROUP
  7. INSERT-ON THE CEMENTUM OF ONE ROOT TO THE CEMENTUM OF THE OTHER ROOT-SUPERFICAL TO THE INTERRADICULAR SEPTUM
    • INTERRADICULAR GROUP
    • (MULTIROOTED TEETH)
  8. RESIST TILTING, ROTATION. INTRUSIVE, AND EXTRUSIVE FORCES
    ALVEOLAR CREST GROUP
  9. RESIST TILTING AND ROTATIONAL FORCES
    HORIZONTAL
  10. RESIST INTRUSIVE AND ROTATIONAL FORCES
    OBLIQUE GROUP
  11. RESIST EXTRUSIVE AND ROTATIONAL FORCES
    APICAL GROUP
  12. RESIST INTRUSIVE, EXTRUSIVE, TILTING AND ROTATIONAL FORCES
    INTERRADICULAR GROUP
  13. GROUP FOUND ONLY ON MULTIROOTED TEETH
    INTERRADICULAR GROUP
  14. BONE THAT LINES THE ALVEOLUS
    ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER
  15. INSERTS-(md) OR INTERDENTALLY INTO CERVICAL CEMENTUM OF NEIGHBORING TEETH;OVER THE ALVEOLAR CREST OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER
    INTERDENTAL LIGAMENT
  16. MOST CERVICAL RIM OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER
    ALVEOLAR CREST
  17. ORGANIZED BUNDLES NAMED ACCORDING TO THEIR ORIENTATION TO THE TOOTH AND BY THEIR RELATED FUNCTIONS
    PRINCIPAL FIBERS
  18. GROUPS OF EPITHELIUA CELLS IN THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT AFTER THE DISINTEGRATION OF hERTWIG'S ROOTH SHEATH-CAN BECOME CYSTIC
    EPTIHELIAL REST OF MALASSEZ
  19. MOST COMMON CELL IN THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENTS(PDL)
    FIBROBLAST
  20. PRESENT IN THE PDL AT THE PERIPHERY(OUTER) OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER
    OSTEOBLASTS
  21. THE PDL ALSO HAS ____ AS WELL AS OSTEOBLASTS
    OSTEOCLASTS
  22. T/F: THE PDL IS A CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    TRUE
  23. HAS VASCULAR SUPPLY, LYMPHATICS, AND NERVE SUPPLY THAT ENTERS THE APICAL FORAMEN AND SUPPLIES THE PULP
    PDL
  24. 2 TYPES OF NERVES FOUND WITHIN THE PDL
    • 1. AFFERENT (SENSORY)
    • 2. AUTONOMIC SYMPATHETIC
  25. NERVE THAT IS MYELINATED AND TRANSMITS SENSATIONS THAT OCCUR WITH IN THE PDL
    SENSORY - AFFERENT NERVE
  26. NERVE THAT REGULATES THE BLOOD VESSELS IN THE PDL
    AUTONOMIC SYPATHETIC
  27. TOOTH GERMS ARE CONGENITALLY MISSING-AFFECTS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ALVEOLAR PROCESS
    ANODONTIA
  28. PROVIDES ATTACHMENT OF THE TEETH TO THE SURROUNDING ALVEOLAR BONE BY WAY OF CEMENTUM
    PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT (PDL)
  29. ON AN XRAY-RADIOLUCENT AREA BETWEEN THE LAMINA DURA AND THE CEMENTUM
    PERIODONAL SPACE
  30. PDL
    PERIODENTAL LIGAMENT
  31. ORGANIZED FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE-MAINTAINS THE GINGIVA IN PROPER RELATIONSHIP TO THE TEETH
    PDL
  32. TRANSMITS OCCLUSAL FORCES FROM THE TEETH TO THE BONE-ACTING AS A SHOCK ABSORBER FOR THE SOFT TISSUE AROUND THE TEETH
    PDL
  33. CONDYLAR CARTILAGE IS REPALCED WITH BONE AS A RESULT OF____
    ENDOCHONDRAL OSSIFICATION
  34. ACTS AS A GROWTH CENTER FOR THE TMJ
    CONDYLAR CARTILAGE
  35. FORMATION OF OSTEOID WITHIN A CARTILAGE MODEL
    ENDOCHONDRAL OSSIFICATION
  36. CARTILAGE THAT FORMS WITHIN EACH SIDE OF THE MANDIBULAR ARCH - DISAPPEARS AS THE BONY MANDIBLE IS FORMED
    MECKEL'S CARTILAGE
  37. FORMATION OF OSTEOID WITHIN DENSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    INTRAMEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION
  38. ALVEOLAR BONE BETWEEN TWO NEIGHBORING TEETH
    INTERDENTAL SEPTUM (INTERDENTAL BONE)
  39. CAN BE EASILY SEEN ON A PERIAPICAL AND BWX
    INTERDENTAL SEPTUM(INTERDENTAL BONE)
  40. INTERDENTAL SEPTUM CONSISTS OF__
    COMPACT BONE OF ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER AND CANCELLOUS BONE OF THE TRABECULAR BONE
  41. ALVEOLAR BONE BETWEEN THE ROOTS OF THE "SAME" TOOTH
    INTERRADICULAR BONE/SEPTUM
  42. CANCELLOUS BONE LOCATED BETWEEN THE ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER AND THE PLATES OF THE CORTICAL BONE
    TRABECULAR BONE
  43. CONSISTS OF PLATES OF COMPACT BONE ON THE FACIAL AND LINGULA SURFACES OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE
    CORTICAL BONE(CORTICAL PLATES)
  44. MAKES UP THE SUPPORTING ALVEOLAR BONE
    CORTICAL BONE AND TRABECULAR BONE
  45. SEEN BETWEEN NEIGHBORING TEETH-SEEN ON XRAY AS A OPAQUE TRIANGLE @ AT SUPERIOR PROTION OF THE INTERDENTALONE
    ALVEOLAR CREST
  46. MOST CERVICAL RIM OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER
    ALVEOLAR CREST
  47. SLIGHTLY APICAL TO THE CEJ BY APPROXIMATELY 1-2mm-UNIFORM IN HEIGHT ALONG THE JAW BONE
    ALVEOLAR CREST
  48. T/F: THE ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER CONSISTS OF PLATES OF COMPACT BONE THAT SURROUNDS AND ASSUMES THE SHAPE OF THE TOOTH
    TRUE
  49. LOOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE ACTING AS A PERIOSTEUM TO UNDERLYING BONE
    MUCOPERIOSTEUM
  50. DENSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE LAYER ON THE OUTER PORTION OF THE BONE
    PERIOSTEUM
  51. RADIOPAQUE LINE REPRESENTING THE ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER
    LAMINA DURA
  52. UNIFORM RADIOPAQUE LINE SEEN ON THE XRAY
    LAMINA DURA
  53. PORTION APICAL TO THE ROOTS OF THE TEETH
    BASAL BONE
  54. PORTION OF JAWBONE THAT FORMS THE BODY OF THE MAXILLA OR MANDIBLE
    BASAL BONE
  55. MATURE JAWBONE IS COMPOSED OF 2 TYPES OF BONE TISSUE
    • 1.ALVEOLAR BONE, ALVEOLAR PROCESS, OR ALVEOLAR RIDGE(CONTAINS THE ROOTS)
    • 2. BASAL BONE-APICAL TO THE ROOTS
  56. PORTION OF JAWBONE THAT CONTAINS THE ROOTS
    ALVEOLAR BONE, ALVEOLAR PROCESS, OR ALVEOLAR RIDGE
  57. PROTION OF JAWBONE APICAL TO THE ROOTS - FORMS THE BODY OF THE MAXILLA OR MANDIBLE
    BASAL BONE
  58. NORMAL MOVEMENT IN WHICH ALL TEETH MOVE TOWARD MIDLINE OVER TIME
    MESIAL DRIFT
  59. SUPERERUPTION
    OCCLUSAL DRIFT
  60. PART OF MAXILLA OR MANDIBLE THAT SUPPORTS AND PROTECTS THE TEETH
    ALVEOLAR BONE
  61. PART OF PERIODONTIUM WHERE THE CEMENTUM OF THE TOOTH IS ATTACHED BY WAY OF THE PDL
    ALVEOLAR BONE
  62. MATURE ALVEOLAR BONE CONSIST BY WEIGHT:
    • 60% INORGANIC MATERIAL
    • 25% ORGANIC
    • 15% WATER
  63. EXCESSIVE PRODUCTION OF CELLULAR CEMENTUM-OCCURS AT THE APEX OF THE TOOTH-CAUSED BY OCCLUSAL FORCES
    HYPERCEMENTOSIS
  64. CONSIST OF THE FIRST LAYERS OF CEMENTUM DEPOSITED AT THE DCJ-ALSO CALLED PRIMARY CEMENTUM
    ACELLULAR CEMENTUM
  65. FORMED AT A SLOW RATE AND CONTAINS NO EMBEDDED CEMENTOCYTES
    ACELLULAR CEMENTUM
  66. SECONDARY CEMENTUM
    CELLULAR CEMENTUM
  67. CONSIST OF THE LAST LAYERS OF CEMENTUM DEPOSITED OVER THE ACELLULAR CEMENTUM-MAINLY IN THE APICAL ONE THIRD OF THE ROOT
    CELLULAR CEMENTUM/SECONDARY
  68. TYPE OF CEMENTUM IS COMMON IN THE INTERRADICULAR AREA
    CELLULAR/SECONDARY CEMENTUM
  69. 2 BASIC TYPES OF CEMENTUM FORMED BY CEMENTOBLASTS
    • 1. ACELLULAR
    • 2. CELLULAR
  70. CALCIFIED BODIES OF CEMENTUM FORUND ATTACHED TO THE ROOT SURFACE OR LYING FREE IN THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT
    CEMENTICLES
  71. FOUND NEAR THE CEJ-SYMMETRICAL SPHERES OF CEMENTUM ATTACHED TO THE ROOT SURFACE-SIMILAR TO ENAMEL PEARLS-RESULTS FROM IRREGULAR DEPOSITION OF CEMENTUM ON THE ROOT
    CEMENTAL SPURS
  72. REMOVAL OF CEMENTUM BY THE ODONTOCLAST
    RESORPTION
  73. REMOVAL OF HARD TISSUE-CEMENTUM, ENAMEL, OR DENTIN
    RESORPTION
  74. SCALLOPED MICROSCOPIC LINES CAUSED BY RESORPTION IN CARTILAGE BONE AND CEMENTUM
    REVERSAL LINES
  75. APPOSITION OF CEMENTUM NOTED BY LAYERS OF GROWTH
    ARREST LINES
  76. SMOOTH MICROSCOPIC LINES IN CARTILAGE, BONE, AND CEMENTUM CAUSED BY APPOSITION OCCURING IN THESE TISSUES
    ARREST LINES
  77. LAYERED FORMATION OF A FIRM OR HARD TISSUE
    APPOSITION LINES
  78. T/F: CEMENTUM UNDERGOES CONSTANT REPAIR
    FALSE-CEMENTUM DOES NOT UNDERGO CONSTANT REPAIR
  79. COLLAGEN FIBERS FROM THE PDL THAT ARE PARTIALLY INSERTED INTO THE CEMENTUM AND BONE
    SHARPEY'S FIBERS
  80. THE FIBROUS MATRIX OF CEMENTUM CONSISTS OF...
    • SHARPEY'S FIBERS
    • INTRINSIC NONPERIODONTAL FIBERS
  81. PARTIALLY INSERTED COLLAGEN FIBERS FORM THE PDL-INSERTED AT A 90 DEGREE ANGLE INTO THE CEMENTAL SURFACE
    SHARPEY'S FIBERS
  82. FUNCTION AS A LIGAMENT BETWEEN THE TOOTH AND THE ALVEOLAR BONE
    SHARPEY'S FIBERS
  83. SMALL SPACE THAT SURROUNDS THE CHONDROCYTE OR OSTEOCYTE WITHIN THE CARTILAGE MATRIX OR BONE
    LACUNA
  84. CEMENTOCYTE LIES IN THE LACUNA-AFTER THE APPOSITION OF CEMENTUM LAYERS THE CEMENTOBLAST FROM SUBSEQUENT LAYERS OF CEMENTUM IF THE TOOTH IS INJURED...
    FYI
  85. APPOSITION OF CEMENTUM OVER THE DENTIN
    DENTINOCEMENTAL JUNCTION (DCJ)
  86. JUNCTION BETWEEN THE DENTIN AND THE ENAMEL- FORMED BY THE MINERALIZATION OF THE DISINTEGRATING BASEMENT MEMBRANE
    DEJ
  87. CEMENTOBLAST THAT BECOME ENTRAPPED BY THE CEMENTUM THEY PRODUCE
    CEMENTOCYTES
  88. CELLS THAT FORM CEMENTOID AND ARE DIFFERENTIATED FROM THE DENTAL SAC
    CEMENTOBLASTS
  89. CEMENTUM FORMS ON THE ROOTH AFTER THE IDSINTEGRATION OF...
    HERTWIG'S SHEATH
  90. UNDIFFERENTIATED CELLS OF THE DENTAL SAC COME INTO CONTACT WITH NEWLY FORMED SURFACE OF ROOT DENTIN-THESE CELLS BECOME...
    CEMENTOBLASTS
  91. CEMENTOBLASTS THEN DISPERSE TO COVER THE ROOT DENTIN AND UNDERGOES___
    CEMENTOGENESIS
  92. CEMENTUM MATRIX LAID DOWN BY CEMENTOBLASTS
    CEMENTOID
  93. PORTION OF THE TOOTH WHERE THE ENAMEL OF THE CROWN AND THE CEMENTUM OF THE ROOT MEET AT THE NECK OR CERVIX
    CEMENTOENAMEL JUNCTION (CEJ)
  94. MATURE CEMENTUM CONSISTS OF___
    CALCIUM HYDROXYAPATITE
  95. PART OF THE PERIODONTIUM THAT ATTACHES THE TEETH TO THE ALVEOLAR BONE BY ANCHORING THE PDL
    CEMENTUM
  96. SUPPORTING SOFT AND HARD TISSUES INCLUDING PORTIONS OF THE TOOTH AND THE ALVEOLAR BONE
    PERIODONTIUM

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