Carbohydrates 1

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Author:
peasxlove
ID:
16194
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Carbohydrates 1
Updated:
2010-04-25 23:29:56
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Biology Carbohydrates test
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Description:
Notes from Carbohydrates part 1, Test 4/26/10
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  1. Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
    Carbohydrates
  2. What is the ratio of hydrogen to oygen in carbohydrates?
    2 hydrogens to every 1 oxygen atom
  3. Simple sugars (name)
    Monosaccharides
  4. ratio of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in monosaddcharides
    1 (carbon): 2 (hydrogen) : 1 (oxygen)
  5. General formula of monosaccharides
    (CH2O)n
  6. What does the n stand for in (CH2O)n?
    any whole number from 3 to 8
  7. (CH2O6) broken down is
    C6H12O6
  8. monosaccharide formed in cells and used for energy
    Glucose
  9. monosaccharide found in fruits
    Fructose
  10. monosaccharides found in milk
    Galactose
  11. the same molecular formula but different structural formulas
    Isomers
  12. these are formed by a condensation reaction between two monosaccharides
    Disaccharides
  13. Fructose + Glucose = Sucrose + H2O is an example of
    disaccharides
  14. formed by condensation reaction between three or more monosaccharides
    polysaccharide
  15. (glucose+glucose+glucose)x = glycogen + H2O is an example of
    polysaccharides
  16. glycogen is called
    animal starch
  17. stored as energy reserve in our liver and muscles
    glycogen
  18. plants from starch from
    glucose
  19. plants from cellulose
    glucose

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