Lab Injections Exam

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Lab Injections Exam
2012-07-10 15:04:06
Lab 4th term

Injections Exam
Show Answers:

  1. At what angle is an ID given?
    10-15 degrees
  2. At what angle is an IM given?
    90 degrees
  3. At what angle is a SC given?
    45 degrees
  4. Where do you inject an ID?
    midback or forearm
  5. Where do you inject an IM?
    Deltoid, vastus, glute
  6. Where do you inject a SC?
    back of upper arm, in between the elbow and the shoulder; abdomen, back, and thigh
  7. What gauge and length do you use for ID?
    25-27 g and  5/8" - 1/2"
  8. What gauge and length do you use for IM?
    21-23 g  and 1-2"
  9. What gauge and length do you use for SC?
    25-27 g and 5/8" - 1/2"
  10. What is the gauge and length for an IM glute?
    19-23 g and 1 1/2" - 3"
  11. What is the gauge and lenth for Z track?
    19-23 g and 1 1/2" - 3"
  12. For a 400 lb male, you are inject thick med via IM glute, what gauge and length would you use?
    18-20 g and 2 1/2" - 3"
  13. What is the purpose of massage after injection?
    Patient comfort and disbursement of meds
  14. What injections do you massage?
    IM and SC
  15. What injections do not get massaged?
    ID, IM Ztrack, and SC insulin
  16. What injections do you not aspirate on?
    ID and Z-track
  17. Do you aspirate ID allergy test?
  18. What are 2 purposes of a Z-Track?
    1. Medications that irritate the skin      2. Deep in muscle tissue
  19. How do you determine the gauge to be used?
    by the viscosity of the meds
  20. How do you determine which needle length to use?
    What injection, route, and body
  21. Lumen
    the diameter inside the needle
  22. Viscosity
    the thickness of the liquid
  23. Immunization
    The process that protects the body against an infectious disease
  24. Vaccination
    To inoculate with a vaccine
  25. Subcutaneous
    The fat layer
  26. Sciatica
    symptoms cause numbness or tingling d/t damage of sciatic nerve
  27. Parenteral
    any other route other than the GI tract
  28. Parenteral routes are used for? (3 things)
    More rapid absorption; when concentration needs to be higher or specifice use; and when oral can't be used due to destruction of med by gastric juices
  29. What equals a ml?
  30. U
    unit; insulin syringes are calibrated in units
  31. What are the 6 rights of medication adminstration?
    1. Right drug; 2. right dose; 3. right patient, 4. right route; 5. right time; 6. right documentation
  32. How many times should a medication label be looked at during the administration process?
    3 times
  33. What should be done when a medication error is made? (5)
    1. Recognize error; 2. Stay calm and assess patient; 3. Report to Dr. details of error and rxn; 4. Follow Dr's order for correction; 5. Document error, include rxn, time, and date, and steps to correct
  34. Ampule
    small prefilled glass
  35. Vial
    glass container that has liquid or powder
  36. Which injection should have bevel up?
    ID and SC
  37. All injections should avoid?
  38. When a medication expires what happens chemically?
    The potency decreases
  39. ID can be given with what syringe?
  40. Dangers with injections
    Hitting a nerve, bone, or vein, causing a hemotoma
  41. What should you avoid
    • moles, tattoos, scars, birthmarks, rash, burn, edema
    •    can cause changes in pigment 
  42. What injection do you pinch up and pull up skin?
    SC and IM