AHRI 2400 Prof. Crain Test 3 part2

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AHRI 2400 Prof. Crain Test 3 part2
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2010-05-04 10:53:39
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UGA ARHI2400 Art History Sarah Crain
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UGA ARHI 2400 Professor Sarah Crain Test 3
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    • Still Life with Chair-Caning
    • Picasso
    • c. 1912
    • Synthetic Cubism
    • In Advance of a Broken Arm
    • Duchamp
    • 1915
    • DaDa
    • Fountain
    • Duchamp
    • 1917
    • DaDa
    • L.H.O.O.Q.
    • Duchamp
    • 1919
    • DaDa
    • Birth of the World
    • Miro
    • 1925
    • surrealism
    • Baby Map of the World
    • Dali
    • 1939
    • surrealism
    • The Treachery of Images
    • Magritte
    • 1928/29
    • Surrealism
  1. Joseph Nicephore Niépce:
    • Took the first known photograph: View from the Window at Le Gras
    • Worked with Louis Daguerre to develop advanced photographic processes which would lead to the development of the Daguerreotype
  2. Talbotype/Calotype:
    An early photographic process introduced in 1841 by William Henry Fox Talbot, using paper coated with silver iodide. The term calotype comes from the Greek for 'good impression'.
  3. Daguerreotype:
    • One of the first photographic processes.
    • Developed by Louis Daguerre and Joseph Niepce.
    • The daguerreotype plate consists of a copper plate with a thin coating of silver rolled in contact that has previously been sensitised to light with iodine vapour so as to form silver iodide crystals on the silver surface of the plate.
  4. Soft Focus:
    A photographic style pioneered by Julia Margaret Cameron which creates a soft haze on an image.
  5. Impressionism:
    • Impressionism was a 19th-century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence in the 1870s and 1880s. The name of the movement is derived from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satiric review published in Le Charivari.
    • The first Impressionist show was at Nadar's photo studio.
    • Characteristics of Impressionist paintings include visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, the inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
  6. Haussmann:
  7. Post-Impressionism:
    • 1886-1905
    • Primarily in France
    • Paul Cezanne, Vincent Van Gogh, Georges Seurat, Paul Gaugin
    • More symbolic and abstract than impressionism
    • consisted of two main branches
    • 1: an interest in developing emotional personal content using line and color. Van Gogh, Gauguin
    • 2: an interest in depicting form that emphasizes stability. Cezanne, Seurat
  8. Proto-Cubism:
  9. Analytic Cubism:
    • 1908-1912
    • Braque leads this style
  10. Synthetic Cubism:
    • Post 1912
    • Picasso Leads this style
  11. Dada:
    • founded 1916 in Zurich Switzerland by Hugo Ball (poet)
    • name was chosen randomly out of a dictionary
    • French slang for "hobby-horse"
    • Berlin, Paris, New York
    • United in a set of principles
    • 1. objected to the materialism of western culture
    • 2. opposed WW1
    • 3. rejected all of arts conventions
    • 4. anti-rational
  12. Readymade:
    The term found art—more commonly found object or readymade—describes art created from the undisguised, but often modified, use of objects that are not normally considered art, often because they already have a non-art function. Marcel Duchamp was the originator of this in the early 20th century.
  13. Surrealism:
    • Founded by André Breton who wrote "Surrealist Manifesto"
    • heavily influenced by Freud and Psychoanalysis
    • used free association
  14. Psychoanalysis:
    • invented by Freud in 1919
    • A set of theories intended to understand the mind
  15. Automatic Writing and Drawing
    • free association
    • writing or drawing without conscious thought
  16. Andre Breton:
    • 1896-1966
    • emerged as the leader of Surrealism
    • wrote "Surrealist Manifesto"
  17. Suprematism:
    • Russian movement that attempted to show pure feeling in art
    • lead by Kazimir Malevich
    • believed pure "feeling" can only be expressed without reference to the material world
    • found purity in geometry
  18. De Stijl:
    • Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917
    • Principal member was the painter Piet Mondrian
    • Proponents of De Stijl sought to express a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order. They advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and colour; they simplified visual compositions to the vertical and horizontal directions, and used only primary colors along with black and white.
  19. German Expressionism:
    • movement that had no geographical center, but was mostly in Germany, that began in 1905
    • influenced by the idea that everything is in a state of flux
    • was intended as a call for cultural renewal
    • believed that a new art was needed to redirect the world
    • consisted of 2 main groups : die Bruck and Der Blaue Reiter
    • Influenced by the scientific advances made by Albert Einstiein, Charles Darwin, and Ernest Rutherford, and the philosophies of Friedrich Nietzsche
  20. Die Brücke:
    • First group of German Expressionists
    • Started in Dresden
    • 1905-1913
    • Led by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
    • As a group they wanted their work to be a bridge to higher man.
    • "man is a rope, tied between beast and higher man" - Fredrich Nietzsche - Thus Spake Zarathustra
  21. Friedrich Nietzsche:
    • 19th-century German philosopher and classical philologist. He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science, using a distinctive style and displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony and aphorism.
    • Was a primary influence on the Die Bruke German Expressionist movement
  22. Der Blaue Reiter:
    • The Blue Rider
    • Second group of German Expressionists
    • 1911
    • Munich
    • Destruction
    • Founded by Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) and Franz Marc (1880-1916)
    • Published "Concerning the Spiritual In Art" and "The Blue Rider Almanac"
  23. Le Corbusier:
    • Charles-Edouard Jeanneret
    • Painter and Architect
    • believed the basic physical and psychological needs of man were sun, space, and vegetation
    • designed "Machines for Living"
  24. American Regionalism:
    • Reaction against modernist movement-
    • Looks at american rural life
    • led by Grant Wood (1891-1942) and Thomas Hart Benton (1889-1975)
  25. Abstract Expressionism:
    • First American Avante Garde movement
    • mid 1940's to 1956
    • declined after Pollocks death
    • also known as the New York School
    • 2 types: Action Painting, and Color Field Painting
    • Black Square
    • Malevich
    • 1915
    • Suprematism
    • Composition with Red, Blue and Yellow
    • Mondrian
    • 1930
    • De Stijl
    • Street, Dresden
    • Kirchner
    • 1907/08
    • German Expressionism : De Bruke
    • Fauvist color pallette
    • Blue Mountain
    • Kandinsky
    • 1908/09
    • German Expressionism : Der Blaue Reiter
    • In the Black Square
    • Kandinsky
    • 1923
    • German Expressionism : Der Blaue Reiter
    • Villa Savoye
    • Le Corbusier
    • 1929
    • The Ballad of the Jealous Lover of Lone Green Valley
    • Benton
    • 1934
    • American Regionalism
    • American Gothic
    • Wood
    • 1930
    • American Regionalism
    • Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist)
    • Pollock
    • 1950
    • Abstract Expressionism
    • Going West
    • Pollock
    • 1934/38
    • American Regionalism
    • Guardians of the Secret
    • Pollock
    • 1943
    • Mural
    • Pollock
    • 1943
    • Full Fathom Five
    • Pollock
    • 1947
    • Pollock
    • Namuth Jackson
    • 1950
    • Woman I
    • deKooning
    • 1950/52
    • Abstract Expressionism
    • Black on Maroon
    • Rothko
    • 1958
    • Abstract Expressionism
    • The Rothko Chapel
    • Houston, TX
    • c. 1971

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