Recognize whether the following are proponents of synergism or monergism: Augustine, Pelagius, the“Semi-Pelagians,” and the position of the Roman Catholic Church since the Synod of Orange. (Sect. 18.5.1,22.214.171.124, 18.8.2 & 18.8.4 Conclusion)
Augustine introduced monergism to combat Pelagius’s synergism.
asserted that: Humans can naturally live sinless lives Rejection of original sin If sin is inevitable, how can we be held responsible?
18.8.4. Synod of Orange Arrived at an inconsistent position that incorporated both synergism and monergism: • Accepted the Augustinian position in name, but proposed a more synergistic alternative. • And yet condemned the synergists: Cassian, the Pelagians and Semi-Pelagians. • Augustine’s radically monergistic view was accepted by the Magisterial Reformers, but not by many in the West.
CONCLUSION: Since the Synod of Orange, the Roman Catholic Church’s position has been essentially synergistic.