Midterm Prep

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Midterm Prep
2012-07-13 01:59:24
1st Quarter Prep

Midterm for Paramedicine
Show Answers:

  1. What is Aerobic Metabolism?
    Metabolism that can only proceed with Oxygen present.
  2. What is Abandonment?
    Terminating pt care without handing care off to another health professional of equal level or greater.
  3. Anaerobic Metabolism
    Metabolism that is preformed without Oxygen
  4. What is the principal byproduct of Anaerobic Metabolism?
    Lactic Acid
  5. What is Ascites?
    Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity; typically signs of Liver failure
  6. What are Advanced Directives?
    Advanced directives written documnts or verbal orders that expresses the wants, needs, & desires of a pt's future medical care; ie  DNR, Organ Donor
  7. What is Assault?
    Assault is creating fear of bodily harm or invasion of bodily security in a pt
  8. What are Baroreceptors?  What do they do?  Where are they located?
    Baroreptors are in blood vessels in kidneys, the brain and the heart that respond to changes in pressure in the heart or main arteries, to help maintain homeostasis
  9. What is Battery?
    Battery is any act of touching someone without permission
  10. What is the Cerebellum?  What does it do?
    The cerebellum is one of three subdivisions of the brain. It coordinates activities such as fine body movements
  11. What is the Cerebrum? What does it do?
    The Cerebrum is the largest subdivision of the brain.  Aka "Gray Matter".  Made of several lobes controlling hearing, movement, balance, speech, visual perception, emotions & personality
  12. What is CQI?
    CQI is Continuous Quality Improvement.  A system of internal and external reviews & audits of all aspects of the EMS system
  13. What is a DNR?
    A DNR is an Advanced Directive stating what life-saving procedures should be done in the event of sudden deterioration of pt's medical condition
  14. What is False Imprisonment?
    It is the intentional & unjustified detention of a person against their will
  15. What is Fowler's Position? 
    It is sitting the pt upright in the cot at a 90degree angle
  16. What is HIPPA?
    HIPPA is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, which protects pt information
  17. What is Homeostasis?
    It is a tendency for stability in the body's internal environment
  18. What is Libel?
    It is a written false statement that injures a person's good name
  19. What is Lysis?
    The process of disintegration, or breakdown, of cells that occurs when excess water enters through the cell wall
  20. What is the Medulla?  Where is it located?
    The part of the internal anatomy of the kidney; middle layer
  21. What is Negligence?
    It is when the EMS official fails to meet the Standard of Care that results in a pt's injury
  22. What is Osmosis?
    The movement of a Solvent (water) from an area of lower concentraion to an area of higher concentration, through a permeable membrane to reach homeostasis
  23. What is perfusion?
    The circulation of Oxygen and nutrients at the cellular level and removal of waste products of metabolism for elimination
  24. What is a Pertinent Negative?
    A lack of cetain Signs & Symptoms (S/S) one would normally expect to see specific to illnesses or conditions
  25. What is a Protocol?
    A treatment plan developed for a specific illness or injury
  26. What is the Scope of Practice?
    It is what a state permits the Paramedic to do
  27. What is Slander?
    It is the verbal false statement(s) that ruin a person's good name
  28. What is Standard of Care?
    It is what a reasonable Paramedic with training would do in the same, or similar, situation
  29. What are Standing Orders?
    Protocols that the EMD has set outlining specific directions, permissions, and sometimes, prohibitions regarding pt care
  30. What is the Synapse?
    The gap between nerve cells, across which nervous stimuli are transmitted
  31. What are Universal Precautions?
    Protective measures for dealing with objects, blood, bodily fluids or other potential exposure risks
  32. What is the Coronal Plane?
    The front and back
  33. What is the Transverse Plane?
    Top and bottom
  34. What is the Sagittal Plane?
    Left and right
  35. What is the Midsaggital Plane?
    Left and right - equal halves
  36. What is the proper BSI for TB pts?
    HEPA mask, gloves, eyewear,
  37. What happens when you stimulate the Sympathetic Nervous System
    "Fight or Flight"  Generally increases activities within your body so that your muscles can react more effectively. Increases your blood pressure, RR, and heart rate
  38. What happens when you stimulate the Parasympathetic Nervous System?
    "Rest and Digest"  Generally slows down the cardiovascular and respiratory functions. Lowers blood pressure, RR and heart rate
  39. What is a Subjective finding?  What is an Objective finding?
    Subjective is information that is told you, that you would not know otherwise; what the pt tells you.  Objective findings is information you can observe and are measurable; such as blood pressure
  40. What is the main difference in Anaerobic Exercise and Aerobic Exercise?
    Anaerobic is done withOUT oxygen, whereas Aerobic is done WITH oxygen, producing better outcomes
  41. What are the stages of Grief?
    1: Denial

    2: Anger

    3: Bargaining

    4: Depression

    5: Acceptance       
  42. What are the parts of the Spinal Cord and how many vertabrae are in each?
    Cervical: 7

    Thoracic: 12

    Lumbar: 5

    Sacral: 5

    Coccyx: 4
  43. What is a normal pH?  What is the the normal range of comensated pH?

  44. What is the Lymphatic System? 
    Transports Lymph by passive circulation. 
  45. What is the difference between Respiration and Ventilation?
    Respiration is the act of moving air in and out of the lungs.  Ventilation is the MECHANICAL process of air moving in and out