Psy110.14

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potteal1
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162435
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Psy110.14
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2012-07-17 20:45:29
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Psychological Disorders
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Chapter 14
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  1. A rare and severe form of depression that occurs in women just after giving birth and includes delusional thinking and hallucinations.
    Postpartum Psychosis
  2. Depression occurring within a year after giving birth in about 10 percent of women and that includes intense worry about the baby, thoughts of suicide and fears of harming the baby.
    Postpartum Depression
  3. The study of abnormal behavior.
    Psychopathology
  4. The social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
    Situational Context
  5. Emotional distress or emotional pain.
    Subjective Discomfort
  6. Anything that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life.
    Maladaptive
  7. Any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life.
    Psychological Disorders
  8. Perspective in which abnormal behavior (like normal behavior) is seen as the product of the learning and shaping of behavior within this context of the family, the social group to which one belongs and the culture within which the family and social group exists.
    Sociocultural perspective
  9. The need to consider the unique chracteritics of the culture in which behavior takes place.
    Cultural Relativity
  10. Disorders found only in particular cultures.
    Culture-Bound syndromes
  11. Model of explaining behavior as caused by biological changes in the chemical, structural or genetic systems of the body.
    Biological Model
  12. Model based on the work of Freud and his followers.  Typically explains disorder behavior as the result of repressing thoughts and memories in the unconscious mind.
    Psychoanalytical Model
  13. Explanation of disorder behavior as being learned just like normal behavior.
    Behaviorist Model
  14. Psychologist who study the way people think, remember and mentally organize information.
    Cognitive Psychologist
  15. Model which explains abnormal behavior as resulting from illogical thinking patterns.
    Cognitive Model
  16. Perspective in which abnormal behavior is seen as the result of the combined and interacting forces of biological, psychological, social and cultural influences.
    Biopsychosocial Model
  17. Disorders in which the main symptom is excessive or unrealiastic anxiety and fearfulness.
    Anxiety Disorders
  18. Anxiety that is unrelated to any realistic, known source.
    Free-Floating Anxiety
  19. An irrational, persistent fear of an object, situational or social activity.
    Phobia
  20. Fear of interacting with others or being in social situations that might lead to a negative evalution.
    Social Phobia
  21. Fear of objects or specific situations or events.
    Specific Phobia
  22. Fear of being in a small, enclosed space.
    Claustrophobia
  23. Fear of heights.
    Acrophobia
  24. Fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or impossible.
    Agoraphobia
  25. Sudden onset of intense panic in which multiple physical symptoms of stress occur, often with feelings that one is dying.
    Panic Attack
  26. Disorder in which panic attacks occur frequently enough to cause the person difficulty in adjusting to daily life.
    Panic Disorder
  27. Fear of leaving one's familiar surroundings because one might have a panic attack in public.
    Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia
  28. Disorder in which intruding, recurring thoughts or obsessions create anxiety that is relieved by performing a repetitive, ritualistic behavior (compulsion).
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  29. Disorder in which a person has feelings of dread and impending doom along with the physical symptoms of stress, which lasts six months or more.
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  30. The tendency to interpret situations as far more dangerous, harmful and important than they actually are.
    Magnification
  31. The tendency o believe that one's performance must be perfect or the result will be a total failure.
    All-Or-Nothing Thinking
  32. The tendency to interpret a single negative event as a neverending pattern of defeat and failure.
    Overgeneralization
  33. The tendency to give little or not importance to one's auccesses or positive events and traits.
    Minimization
  34. Disorders that take the form of bodily illnesses and symptoms but for which there are no real physical disorders.
    Somatoform Disorders
  35. Disorder in which psychological stress causes a real physical disorder or illness.
    Psychosomatic Disorder
  36. Modern term for psychosomatic disorder.
    Psychophyiological Disorder
  37. Somatoform disorder in whcih the person is terrified of being sick and worries constantly, going to doctors repeatedly and becoming preoccupied with every sensation of the body.
    Hypochondriasis
  38. Somatoform disorder in which the person dramatically complains of a specific symptom such as nausea, difficulty swallowing or pain for which there is no real physical cause.
    Somatization Disorder
  39. Somatoform disorder in which the person experiences a specific symptom in the somatic nervous system's functioning, such as paralysis, numbeness or blindness, for which there is no physical cause.
    Conversion Disorder
  40. Disorders in which there is a break in conscious awareness, memory, the sense of identity or some combination.
    Dissociative Disorders
  41. Loss of memory for personal information, either partial or complete.
    Dissociative Amnesia
  42. Traveling away from familiar surroundings with amnesia for the trip and possible amensia for personal information.
    Dissociative Fugue
  43. Disorder occurring when a person seems to have two or more distinct personalities within one body.
    Dissocialtive Identity Disorder
  44. Dissociative disorder in which individuals feel detached and disconnected form themselves, their bodies and their surroundings.
    Depersonalization Disorder
  45. In psychology, a term indicating "emotion" or "mood".
    Affect
  46. Disorders in which mood is severely distrurbed.
    Mood Disorders
  47. A moderate depression that lasts for two years or more and is typcially a reaction to some external stressor.
    Dysthymia
  48. Disorder that consists of mood swings from moderate depression to hypomania and last two years or more.
    Cyclothymia
  49. Severe depression that comes on suddenly and seems to have no external cause.
    Major Depression
  50. Having the quality of excessive excitement, energy and elation or irritability.
    Manic
  51. Severe mood swings between major depressive episodes and manic episodes.
    Bipolar Disorder
  52. Severe disorder in which the personbal suffers from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, hallucinations and inability to distinguish between fantasy and reality.
    Schizoprenia
  53. Term applied to a person who is no longer able to perceive what is real and what is fantasy.
    Psychotic
  54. False beliefs held by a person who refused to accept evidence of their falseness.
    Dilusions
  55. A psyhotic disorder in which the primary symptom is one of more delusions.
    Delusional Disorder
  56. False sensory perceptions, such a hearing voices that do not really exist.
    Halluicinations
  57. A lack of emotional responsiveness.
    Flat Affect
  58. Type of schizophrenia in which behavior is bizarre and childish and thinking, speech and motor actions are very disordered.
    Disorganized
  59. Type of schizophrenia in which the person experiences periods of statue-like immobility mixed with occasional bursts of energetic, frantic movement and talking.
    Catatonic
  60. Type of schizophrenia in which the person suffers from delusions of persecution, grandeur and jealously together with hallucinations.
    Paranoid
  61. Type of schizophrenia in which the person shows no particular patters, shifts from one pattern to another and cannot be neatly classified as disorganized, paranoid or catatonic.
    Undifferentiated
  62. Type of schizophrenia in which there are no delusions and hallucinations, but the person still experiences negative thoughts, poor language skills and odd behavior.
    Residual
  63. Symptoms of schizophrenia that are excesses of behavior or occur in addition to normal hehavior, hallucinations, delusions and distorted thinking.
    Positive Symptoms
  64. Symptoms of schizophrenia that are less than normal behavior or an absence of normal behavior, poor attention, flat affect and poor speech produciton.
    Negative Symptoms
  65. Explanation of disorder that assumea a biological senstivity, or vulnerability, to a certain disorder will result in the development of that disorder under the conditions of environmental or emotional stress.
    Stress-Vulnerability Model
  66. Disorders in which a person adopts a persistent, rigid, and maladaptive apttern of behavior that interferes with normal social interactions.
    Personality Disorders
  67. Disorder in which a person has no morals or conscience and often behaves in an impuselive manner without regard for the consequences of that behavior.
    Antisocial Personality Disorder
  68. Maladapative personality pattern in which the person is moody, unstable, lacks a clear sense of identity and often clings to others.
    Borderline Personality Disorder.
  69. A mood disorder caused by the body's reaction to low levels of sunlight in the winter months.
    Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  70. The use of lights to treat seasonal affective disorder or other disorders.
    Phototherapy

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