A rare and severe form of depression that occurs in women just after giving birth and includes delusional thinking and hallucinations.
Depression occurring within a year after giving birth in about 10 percent of women and that includes intense worry about the baby, thoughts of suicide and fears of harming the baby.
The study of abnormal behavior.
The social or environmental setting of a person's behavior.
Emotional distress or emotional pain.
Anything that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life.
Any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life.
Perspective in which abnormal behavior (like normal behavior) is seen as the product of the learning and shaping of behavior within this context of the family, the social group to which one belongs and the culture within which the family and social group exists.
The need to consider the unique chracteritics of the culture in which behavior takes place.
Disorders found only in particular cultures.
Model of explaining behavior as caused by biological changes in the chemical, structural or genetic systems of the body.
Model based on the work of Freud and his followers. Typically explains disorder behavior as the result of repressing thoughts and memories in the unconscious mind.
Explanation of disorder behavior as being learned just like normal behavior.
Psychologist who study the way people think, remember and mentally organize information.
Model which explains abnormal behavior as resulting from illogical thinking patterns.
Perspective in which abnormal behavior is seen as the result of the combined and interacting forces of biological, psychological, social and cultural influences.
Disorders in which the main symptom is excessive or unrealiastic anxiety and fearfulness.
Anxiety that is unrelated to any realistic, known source.
An irrational, persistent fear of an object, situational or social activity.
Fear of interacting with others or being in social situations that might lead to a negative evalution.
Fear of objects or specific situations or events.
Fear of being in a small, enclosed space.
Fear of heights.
Fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or impossible.
Sudden onset of intense panic in which multiple physical symptoms of stress occur, often with feelings that one is dying.
Disorder in which panic attacks occur frequently enough to cause the person difficulty in adjusting to daily life.
Fear of leaving one's familiar surroundings because one might have a panic attack in public.
Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia
Disorder in which intruding, recurring thoughts or obsessions create anxiety that is relieved by performing a repetitive, ritualistic behavior (compulsion).
Disorder in which a person has feelings of dread and impending doom along with the physical symptoms of stress, which lasts six months or more.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
The tendency to interpret situations as far more dangerous, harmful and important than they actually are.
The tendency o believe that one's performance must be perfect or the result will be a total failure.
The tendency to interpret a single negative event as a neverending pattern of defeat and failure.
The tendency to give little or not importance to one's auccesses or positive events and traits.
Disorders that take the form of bodily illnesses and symptoms but for which there are no real physical disorders.
Disorder in which psychological stress causes a real physical disorder or illness.
Modern term for psychosomatic disorder.
Somatoform disorder in whcih the person is terrified of being sick and worries constantly, going to doctors repeatedly and becoming preoccupied with every sensation of the body.
Somatoform disorder in which the person dramatically complains of a specific symptom such as nausea, difficulty swallowing or pain for which there is no real physical cause.
Somatoform disorder in which the person experiences a specific symptom in the somatic nervous system's functioning, such as paralysis, numbeness or blindness, for which there is no physical cause.
Disorders in which there is a break in conscious awareness, memory, the sense of identity or some combination.
Loss of memory for personal information, either partial or complete.
Traveling away from familiar surroundings with amnesia for the trip and possible amensia for personal information.
Disorder occurring when a person seems to have two or more distinct personalities within one body.
Dissocialtive Identity Disorder
Dissociative disorder in which individuals feel detached and disconnected form themselves, their bodies and their surroundings.
In psychology, a term indicating "emotion" or "mood".
Disorders in which mood is severely distrurbed.
A moderate depression that lasts for two years or more and is typcially a reaction to some external stressor.
Disorder that consists of mood swings from moderate depression to hypomania and last two years or more.
Severe depression that comes on suddenly and seems to have no external cause.
Having the quality of excessive excitement, energy and elation or irritability.
Severe mood swings between major depressive episodes and manic episodes.
Severe disorder in which the personbal suffers from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, hallucinations and inability to distinguish between fantasy and reality.
Term applied to a person who is no longer able to perceive what is real and what is fantasy.
False beliefs held by a person who refused to accept evidence of their falseness.
A psyhotic disorder in which the primary symptom is one of more delusions.
False sensory perceptions, such a hearing voices that do not really exist.
A lack of emotional responsiveness.
Type of schizophrenia in which behavior is bizarre and childish and thinking, speech and motor actions are very disordered.
Type of schizophrenia in which the person experiences periods of statue-like immobility mixed with occasional bursts of energetic, frantic movement and talking.
Type of schizophrenia in which the person suffers from delusions of persecution, grandeur and jealously together with hallucinations.
Type of schizophrenia in which the person shows no particular patters, shifts from one pattern to another and cannot be neatly classified as disorganized, paranoid or catatonic.
Type of schizophrenia in which there are no delusions and hallucinations, but the person still experiences negative thoughts, poor language skills and odd behavior.
Symptoms of schizophrenia that are excesses of behavior or occur in addition to normal hehavior, hallucinations, delusions and distorted thinking.
Symptoms of schizophrenia that are less than normal behavior or an absence of normal behavior, poor attention, flat affect and poor speech produciton.
Explanation of disorder that assumea a biological senstivity, or vulnerability, to a certain disorder will result in the development of that disorder under the conditions of environmental or emotional stress.
Disorders in which a person adopts a persistent, rigid, and maladaptive apttern of behavior that interferes with normal social interactions.
Disorder in which a person has no morals or conscience and often behaves in an impuselive manner without regard for the consequences of that behavior.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Maladapative personality pattern in which the person is moody, unstable, lacks a clear sense of identity and often clings to others.
Borderline Personality Disorder.
A mood disorder caused by the body's reaction to low levels of sunlight in the winter months.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
The use of lights to treat seasonal affective disorder or other disorders.