An infant is born still-borned and presents with low set ears, flat face and hypoplastic lungs. What is the most likely etiology?
B/L agenesis -> oligohydramnios (Potter sequence)
What are the characterisitcs of ADPKD?
HTN and hematuria
Mitral valve prolapse
What is the disease that leads to
- B/L small corticomedullary cysts
- tubulointerstitial sclerosis of collecting duct
- shrunken kidneys
- Progresses to end stage renal disease
-similar to Nephronophthisis (but occurs in older population)
Medullary cystic kidney disease
Patient presents with oliguria w/ brown granular casts
- increased BUN and creatinine
- hyperkalemia w/ metabolic acidosis
What is the
- two possible causes
This is acute tubular necrosis
Ischemia - affects all tubules
Nephrotoxic- affects the proximal convoluted tubule only
(aminoglycosides, cisplatin, ethylene glycol)
What is usually casued by Hypersensitivty to Methicillin?
Acute intersitital nephritis -> eosinophilia
What is a main cause of diffuse cortical necrosis?
Sepsis -> disseminated intravascular coagulation
Where is the most common site for a subarachnoid hemorrhage in a patient with adult polycystic kidney disease?