If genes coding for different traits are found on different chromosomes, they do not affect each other during gamete formation
What is they're on the same chromosome? The closer together they are, the more likely they'll stay together...but if they're far apart, crossing-over may separate them
- Independent assortment generates genetic variation.
- A cell has 2 copies of each somatic chromosome- one from mom, one from dad (homologous
- chromosomes). Independent assortment shuffles these chromosomes, and then places only one
- copy of each into the gamete. This way, the gamete may have chromosome 1 from mom,
- chromosome 2 from dad, chromosome 3 from dad, ... etc.