African American Studies

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African American Studies
2012-08-01 12:04:41
African American Studies

African American Studies
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  1. The Special centainty of slavery is key to understand the  ____,____,____,&______ codition of people of African decent in the U.S
    Historic, cultral, economic, political
  2. Any academically legitmate study of black must include a study of ____,______,_____,_____, and ______
    Customs, chacters,tadtions, langages, and manners
  3. How AAS differs from western philosophy 
    It differs b/c AAS philosicphical tradtion is a specific rejection of racist thought in early philosophy
  4. Black intellectual development is desined to resist______
    oppressive European thought 
  5. Black philosophical thought is less ____
    abstract than European philisophy 
  6. What makes Black phiosophical thought less abstact than European philisophy 
    In Black phiosophical Goal can be indenfied so its not abstact unlike European philosphical theory 
  7. What is a biological, social, and culture contrast that condition interpersonal relationship and colective pereption of react
  8. Is race naturally occuring 
  9. Is race useful as an anclytical tool
    yes- It has an impact on our evey day-to-day lives
  10. If the concept of race is culturally dependent, it becomes ____
    Less meaniful 
  11. Is racism the collection of out prejudices
  12. If racism was the collection of our prejudices then.....
    We could not understand the preisistance of racsim 
  13. Prejudices goes away with______&_______ but we still have racism
    Education and time
  14. Racism is a system of _______ Based on race
  15. A system of cultural,social messages, instituaional policies and peoples personal prejudies taken together
  16. Can racism be explanined as the expression of prejudice alone 
  17. What is White Privallage
    White People who are not predjuce benefit from the system of racism
  18. Can African American benifit from Racism
    NO; only white people can
  19. Does race ( social contruct) matter
    yes because we use it anyays
  20. African conquest took more than
     400 years
  21. The project of historical recovery involves returning to the rich resource of the African past and using it as a foundation to improve the present and enhance the future.
  22. Sankofa helps us to understand the development of a distinct worldview which  
    reflects Black contribution to the world.  
  23. +A massive trading empire with a robust manufacturing economy

    -Established an advanced civilization rivaling Europe  
  24. +The most influential kingdom in the region during its heyday was unmatched in it political influence.  
  25. +The establishment of universities and libraries

    +The agricultural, trade, and economic hub of western Africa.
  26. Slavery is about _____ and ____ not cultural and
    social class and social distinction, 

    biological inferiority  
  27. _____were oral historians who were guardians of historical knowledge and traditions. 
  28. Transformation of African economy into capitalism did what
    Force Africans to consume European goods
  29. -Galvanizing force of Christianity, capitalism , and racism does what the whites 
    unite Europeans who wouldn’t otherwise be united. 
  30. Maafa means 
    Great diaster 
  31. African slavery was more like _______ and not _____ ____

    race based
  32.  underlying explanations for the superiority of Whites and the natural-ness of enslaving Africans  (3)
     -Religion, biology, and culture 
  33. the permanent, violent domination of (natally alienated)(Born into it) and generally dishonored persons” 
  34. -destruction of peoples culture and culture identity 
    +Cultural Genocide
  35. laws that  prohibited slave from .. Property ownership,learning,testifying,make contracts 
    Slave codes
  36. When did the slave trade end and what did it do 
    *The slave trade ends in1808 which reduces number of people with spirit of rebellion  
  37. +Retaining dances, moral narratives, music, language, and spirituality is what type of resistance
    Cultural resistance
  38. +The daily refusal and defiance used to confront the system of enslavement 
  39.  -Designed to make ordinary citizens responsible for the recovery of slaves  
    +The Fugitive Slave act of 1850
  40. -Allows slavery in more places (Appeals the Missouri compromise -limited the expansion of slavery )
    +The Kansas- Nebraska Act of 1854 (Upset northers)
  41. -African American, both free and enslaved, are not citizens  
    •  +The Dred Scot decision
    • (1857) (1861 war starts)  
  42. allows confiscation of Confederate property
      -The confiscation Act
  43.  allows blacks to serve as soldiers  
      -The Militia ace
  44. +Frees African Americans from enslavement in the 10 rebelling confederate states 3million
    The Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
  45. -Delivered Food,Established Schools, Provided medical and legal services  
    +The Freedmen's Bureau iscreated in March 1865
  46. (First blacks to serve on senate)
    -Hiram Revels and Blanche Bruce
  47. -The end of reconstruction ends because 
    of the 1877 compromise which leaves blacks in the southa the mercy of racist state governments.  
  48.  involved leasing out prisoners to private companies that paid the state a fee.
     Convict leasing
  49. Who do slave codes apply to
    White and blacks free or enslaved 
  50.  a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crop produced on the land 
  51. Missouri compromise 
    slavery was banned from that part of the Louisiana Territory north of 36° 30'.
  52. Compromise of 1877
    Allowed Hayes to be president,  pull union troops from the south thus ending the reconstruction period.
  53. 3 things kansas nebraska act did
     created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries. ...
  54. The major ancient African cilizations 
    Ghana,Songhay, Mali
  55. Example of  Abolitionism which is a form of resistance
    Underground rail road
  56. (natally alienated) 
    Born into it
  57. -The conversion of people into things
    Socail death
  58. What were intangible advantages that the whites had over africans
    African were less aggresive toward nature which made them  less prepared for war
  59. 2 Advatages white had over Africans
    +Economic & technoligical advantages 
  60. -Maafa-
    “ Great disater”
  61. 13th admendment
    outlawed slavery.
  62. 14th admendment 
    blacks the right of citizenship in America.
  63. 15th admentment 
     guaranteed blacks the right to vote
  64. What does the Emancipation Priclamation do
    emancipated all black slaves in states still engaged in rebellion against the Union
  65. Purpose of the Emancipation proclamation 
    To give hope to the slaves
  66. What is prejuice
    Prejudice is a negative attitude you have over an entire group of people, often an ethnic group or racial group.
  67. What is racism 
    is a kind of prejudice where you think one race is superior and all the others are inferior.
  68. Why was slavery profitable
    -Free human labor 
  69. How practical it was (3 things)
    • -African were familiar with plantation agriculture, the were farmers;
    • -Africans were largely immune to European diseases
    • -Africans were less of an escape hazard 
  70.  African-American abolitionist, conductor on the Underground Railroad, writer, historian and civil rights activist.
    William Still 
  71. Women who was an American-born slave whose escape to freedom was the focus of acrimonious and precedent-setting legal cases in 19th century Pennsylvania.
    Jane Johnson 
  72.  first African-American women to earn a college degree.
    Mary Church Terrell 
  73.  the first black president of historically black Fisk University
    Charles S. Johnson
  74. American folklorist, anthropologist, and author during the time of the Harlem Renaissance.
    Zora Neale Hurston 
  75.  was an American sociologist. Wrote The Negro Family in Chicago. 
    Edward Franklin Frazier,
  76.  was an American writer, philosopher, educator, and patron of the arts. Wrote about the Harlem Renaissance.  "Father of the Harlem Renaissance"
    Alain LeRoy Locke
  77. founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History. Woodson was one of the first scholars to study African American history.
    Carter Godwin Woodson 
  78. Was killed when he set out to rescuse an African American Familiy
    Seth Conklin
  79.  was an author, educator, speaker and one of the most prominent African American scholars in United States history 1/4 black women to obtain a docorite. 
    Anna Julia Cooper 
  80. was an African American journalist, newspaper editor and,an early leader in the civil rights movement.   was a  anti-lynching crusader, suffragist, women's rights. 
    Ida Bell Wells-Barnett 
  81. Maria Stewart 
    called upon African Americans to organize against slavery in the South and to resist racist restrictions in the North, started a huge rebellion 
  82. Marcus Garvery
    a staunch proponent of the Black nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements.
  83. Impackt of voting rights act of 1965
    • outlawed literacy tests and poll taxes as a way of assessing whether anyone was fit or unfit to vote
    •  more blacks voted