PHYL Lab Final

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lrnino
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PHYL Lab Final
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2010-04-26 17:28:40
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  1. Absorptive or Poseabsorptive? Increased blood glucose levels.
    Absorptive
  2. Absorptive or Poseabsorptive? Insulin is most active hormone.
    Absorptive.
  3. Where is glucose stored as glycogen?
    Skeletal Muscle.
  4. Where does glucose stimulate fat synthesis?
    Adipose Tissue.
  5. Where is glucose stored as glycogen?
    Liver
  6. What is the synthesis of glycogen from glucose called?
    Glycogenesis.
  7. Glycogenesis?
    Synthesis of glycogen from glucose.
  8. Glycolysis?
    Anaerobic breakdown of glucose.
  9. Anaerobic breakdown of glucose?
    Glycolysis.
  10. Glycogenolysis. Absorptive or Post absorptive?
    Post.
  11. How many kcals from glucose?
    720
  12. Glycogenesis. Absorptive or Post absorptive?
    Post.
  13. Lipolysis?
    Catabolism of fats.
  14. Catabolism of fats?
    Lipolysis.
  15. Protein catabolism. Absorptive or Post absorptive?
    Post.
  16. Glucagon is the active hormone. Absorptive or Post absorptive?
    Post.
  17. Types of protein metabolism.
    Oxidative deamination.

    Transamination.
  18. Oxidative deamination?
    Removes amino group from amino acid. Makes keto acid and ammonia.
  19. Transamination?
    Removes amino group from one amino acid to transfer to another amino acid making keto acid.
  20. True or False: Keto acids enter TCA cycle to make ATP.
    True.
  21. Anaerobic Glycolysis of CHO?
    Glucose+ 2 Pi+ 2 ADP---> 2 Lactate +2 ATP+ H20

    ATP = 2
  22. Aerobic glycolysis of CHO?
    Glucose + 2Pi+ 2ADP+ 2NAD---> 2 Pyruvate + 2ATP + 2NADH +2H+ 2H20

    ATP = 38
  23. Beta-oxidation?
    Fatty acid catabolism - breaks down 2 C at a time. Makes Acetyl CoA, NADH, FADH.
  24. Where does Acetyl CoA go after fatty acid catabolism?
    Enters TCA cycle.
  25. Where does NADH, FADH go after fatty acid catabolism?
    Goes through oxidative phosphorylation.
  26. Palmitate creates how many ATP?
    128.
  27. How much energy (kacl) from Carb?
    4.1
  28. How much energy (kacl) from Protein?
    5.4
  29. How much energy (kacl) from Fat?
    9.3
  30. Actual energy from protein?
    4.3
  31. Caloric equivalent of oxygen?
    4.83
  32. Energy need of brain?
    20%
  33. Energy need of Liver?
    20%
  34. Energy need of Resting muscles?
    20%
  35. Energy need of Heart?
    12%
  36. Energy need of Kidneys?
    8%
  37. Energy need of Remaining organs?
    20%
  38. Hilus?
    The area where the three vessels are.
  39. Ureter?
    The long fatty one.
  40. Renal artery?
    The one on the top.
  41. Renal vein?
    One in the middle.
  42. Renal Cortex.
    The lighter outside of the inside.
  43. Renal Medulla?
    The darker color inside.
  44. Renal pyramids?
    The dark spots the fingers are connected to.
  45. Renal Apex?
    Where the finger and pyramid meets.
  46. Renal Pelvis?
    The big middle yellow part.
  47. Renal columns?
    Tissue in between pyramids. Same color as Cortex.
  48. Major calyx?
    Big finger.
  49. Minor calyx?
    Branch from big finger.
  50. Mucosa: Transitional Epithelia.
    The tissue making up the bulk of the ureter.
  51. Mucosa: Lamina propia.
    Surrounding the tubes inside ureter.
  52. Muscularis: Circus.
    Muscle making up the tube.
  53. Muscularis: Longus.
    Line the inside under Circus.
  54. Adventitia?
    Outside layer of ureter.
  55. How much blood flows through kidneys?
    1300mL
  56. Vasa Recta?
    Spider web around Loop of Henle.
  57. Peritubular Capillary.
    Wriggling around bowman's capsule and distal tube.
  58. How to regulate Blood Pressure?
    Adjust Na+ and renin.
  59. Reabsorption?
    Tubular lumen > interstitial fluid > caps
  60. What triggers release of ADH?
    Low plasma volume.
  61. ADH does what?
    Increase water reabsorption.
  62. What triggers Renin?
    Low plasma volume.
  63. What does renin do?
    Increase Na+

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