Psy110.15

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potteal1
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162604
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Psy110.15
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2012-07-17 20:49:46
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Psychological Therapies
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Chapter 15
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  1. Treatment methods aimed at making people feel better and function more effectively.
    Therapy
  2. Therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem talks to a psychological professional.
    Psychotherapy
  3. Therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem is treated with biological or medical methods to relieve symptoms.
    Biomedical Therapy
  4. Therapies in which the main gola is helping people to gain insight with respect to their behavior, thoughts and feelings.
    Insight Therapies
  5. Therapy in which the main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly.
    Action Therapy
  6. An insight therapy based on the theory of Freud, emphasizing the revealing of unconscious conflicts.
    Psychoanalysis
  7. Founder of the psychoanalytic school of thought which focuses on the role of the unconscious on behavior.
    Sigmund Freud
  8. The analysis of the elements within a patient's reported dream as a means of revealing unconcious conflicts and desires.
    Dream Interpretation
  9. The actual conect of one's dream.
    Manifest Content
  10. The symbolic or hidden meaning of dreams.
    Latent Content
  11. Psychoanalytic technique in which a patient was encouraged to talk about anything that came to mind without fear of negative evaluations.
    Free Association
  12. Occurring when a patient becomes reluctant to talk about a certain topic, either changing the subject or becoming silent.
    Resistance
  13. In psychoanalysis, the tendency for a patient or client to project positive of negative feelings for important people from the past into the therapist.
    Transference
  14. Therapy in which the therapist actively gives interpretations of a client's statements and may suggest certain behavior or actions.
    Directive
  15. A newer and more general term for therapists based on psychoanalysis with the emphasis on transference, shorter treatment times and a more direct therapeutic approach.
    Psychodynamic Therapy
  16. Therapy style in which the therapist remains relatively neutral and does not interpret or take direct actions with regard to the client, instead remaining a calm, nonjudgemental listeneer while the client talks.
    Nondirective
  17. Psychotherapy focused on conscious, subjective experiences of emotion and people's sense of self.
    Humanistic Theory
  18. Humanist psychologist who focused on the role of the self-concept and positive regard on personality development.
    Carl Rogers
  19. A nondirective insight therapy based on the work of Carl Rogers in which the client does all the talking and the therapist listens.
    Person-Centered Therapy
  20. Therapy technique in which the therapist restates what the clinet says rather than interpreting those statements.
    Reflection
  21. Referring to the warmth, respect and accepting atmosphere created by the therapist for the client in person-centered therapy.
    Unconditional Positive Regard
  22. Warmth, affection, love and respect that come from significatn others in one's life.
    Positive Regard
  23. The ability of the therapist to understand the feelings of the client.
    Empathy
  24. The genuine, open and honest response of the therapist to the client.
    Authenticity.
  25. Form of directive insight therapy in which the therapist helps clients to accept all parts of their feelings and subjective experiences using leading questions and planned epxeriences such as role-playing.
    Gestalt Therapy
  26. Developed and popularized Gestalt therapy.
    Fritz Perls
  27. Action therapies based on the principles of classical and operant conditioning and aimed at changing disordered behavior without concern for the original causes of such behavior.
    Behavior Therapies
  28. The use of learning techniques to modify or change undisirable behavior and increase desirable behavior.
    Behavior Modification or Applied Behavior Analysis.
  29. Behavior technique used to treat phobias, in which a client is aksed to make a list of ordered fears and tught to relax while concentraining on those fears.
    Systematic Desensitization
  30. Replacing an old conditioned response with a new one by changing the unconditioned stimulus.
    Counter-Conditioning
  31. Form of behavior therapy in which an undesirable behavior is paired with an aversive stimulus to reduce the frequency of the behavior.
    Aversion Therapy
  32. Technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is reapidly and intensely exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object and prevents from making the usual avoidance or escape method.
    Flooding.
  33. Learning through the observation and imitation of others.
    Modeling
  34. Technique in which a model demonstrates the desired behavior in a step-by-step, gradual process while the client is encouraged to imitate the model.
    Particpant Modeling
  35. The strengthening of a response by following it with a pleasurable consquence or the removal of an unpleasant stimulus.
    Reinforcement
  36. The use of objects called tokens to reinforce behavior in which the tokens can be accumulated and exchanged for desied items or priviledges.
    Token Economy
  37. A formal, written agreement between the therapist and client (or teacher and student) in which goals for behavior change, reinforcments and penalties are clearly states.
    Contingency Contract
  38. The removal of a reinforcer to reduce the frequency of a behavior.
    Extinction
  39. An extinction process in which a person is removed from the situation that provides reinformement for undesirable behavior, ususually by being placed on a quiet conrner or room away from possible attention and reinforcement opportunties.
    Time-Out
  40. Therapy in which the focus is on helping cleints recognize distortion in their thinking and replace distorted, unrealistic belief's more realistic, helpful thoguhts.
    Cognitive Therapy
  41. Distortion of thinking in which a person draws a conclusion that is not based on any evidence.
    Arbitrary Inference
  42. Distortion of thinking in which a person focuses on only on aspect of a situation while ignoring all other relevant aspects.
    Selective Thinking
  43. Distortion of thinking in which a person draws sweeping conclusions based on only one incident or event and applies those conclusions to events that are unrelated to the original.
    Overgeneralization
  44. Distortions of thinking in which a person blows a negative event out of proportion to its importance (magnification) while ignoring relevant positive events (minimization).
    Magnification and Minimization
  45. Distortion of thinking in which a person takes responsiblity or blame for events that are unconnected to the person.
    Personalization
  46. Action therapy in which the goal is to help clients overcome problems by learning to think more rationally and logically.
    Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
  47. Cognitive-behavioral therapy in which clients are directly challenged in their irrational beliefs and helped to restructure their thinking into more rational belief statements.
    Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
  48. A type of therapy in which a group of clients meet together with a therapist.
    Group Therapy
  49. A form of group therapy in which family members meet together with a counselor or therapist to resolve problems that affect the entire family.
    Family Counseling (Family Therapy)
  50. A group composed of people who have similar problems and who meet together without a therapist or counselor for the purpose of discussion, problem solving and social and emotional support.
    Self-Help Groups (Support Groups)
  51. Controversial form of therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder and similar anxiety problems in which the client is directed to move the eyes rapidly back and forth while thinking of a disturbing memory.
    Eye-Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR).
  52. Therapy style that results from combining elements of several different therapy techniques.
    Eclective Therapies
  53. The relationship between therapist and client that develops as a warm, caring, accepting relationship characterized by empathy, mutual respect and understanding.
    Therapeutic Alliance
  54. Psychotherapy that is offered on the internet.  Also called online, internet or Web therapy or counseling.
    Cybertherapy
  55. Therapies that directly affect the biological functioning of the body and brain.
    Biomedical Therapies
  56. The use of drugs to control or relieve the symptoms of psychological disorders.
    Psychopharmacology
  57. Drugs used to treat psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations and other bizarre behavior.
    Antipsychotic Drugs
  58. Drugs used to treat and clam anxiety reactions, typically minor tranquilizers.
    Antianxiety Drugs
  59. Drugs used to treat depression and anxiety.
    Antidepressant Drugs
  60. Form of biomedical therapy to treat severe depression in which electrodes are placed on either one ofr both sides of a person's head and an electric current is passed through the electrodes that is strong enough to cause a seizure or convulsion.
    Electroconvulsive Therapy (UCT)
  61. Electroconvulsive therapy in which the electrodes are placed on both sides of the head.
    Bilateral ECT
  62. Electroconvulsive therapy in which the electrodes are placed on only one side of the head an the forehead.
    Unilateral ECT
  63. Surgery performed on brain tissue to relieve or control several psychological disorders.
    Psychosurgery
  64. Psychosurgery in which the connections of the prefrontal lobes of the brain to the rear portions are severed.
    Prefrontal Lobotomy
  65. Psychosurgical technique in wich an electrode wire is inserted into the cingulated gyrus aread of the brain with the guidance of a magnetic resonance imaging machines for the prupose of destroying that area of the brain tissue with an electric current.
    Bilateral Cingulotomy

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