microbio bacteria

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Author:
veritas0908
ID:
162625
Filename:
microbio bacteria
Updated:
2012-07-15 21:32:37
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medically important bacteria
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Description:
List of medically important bacteria
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  1. -generally anaerobic
    -gastrointestinal problems; abscesses, interperitoneal infections; sepsis
    Bacteroides species
  2. -powerful endotoxin
    -UTI
    -normal microbiota of intestinal tract
    Enterobacter species
  3. -gram- negative
    -facultative anaerobe
    -oral-fecal route transmission
    -food poisoning, water borne pathogen
    -intestinal problems, diarrhea, UTI, sepsis
    Escherichia coli
  4. - normal microbiota in intestinal tract
    -causes pneumonia
    -has a capsule that surrounds it
    Klebsiella pneumoniae
  5. -normal microbiota in intestinal tract
    -causes UTI
    <100,000 bacteria/ mL= no UTI
    Proteus species
  6.  -causes gastroenteritis
     -found in chicken eggs
     -grows in intestinal tract of infected animals
    Salmonella Enteritidis
  7. -causes typhoid fever
    -intestinal tract issues, diarrhea 
    -grows in intestinal tract of infected humans and transmitted in feces
    Salmonella Typhi
  8. -waterborne disease that will not kill you
    -causes dysentery
    -grows in intestinal tract of infected humans and transmitted in feces
    Shigella species
  9. -causes bubonic plague
           -transmitted by fleas (vectors), rats are the reservoirs      
            until they decline then humans
    -causes pneumonic plague
             -transmitted in respiratory droplets
             -survivors lack a receptor, which is the same as HIV
    Yersinia pestis
  10. -causes ear infections, respiratory infections, and meningitis in children
    Haemophilus influenzae
  11. -causes Legionnaires’ disease- lung infection
    -acquired by inhaling contaminated water droplets
    Legionella pneumophila
  12. -carry a lot of plasmids
    -eye infections, interperotineal infections, septicemia, UTI
    -many are antibiotic resistant
    -common in soil
    -used in bioremediations; oil spills
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  13. -STD; mimics gonorrhea
    Chlamydia trachomatis
  14. -causes rocky mountain spotted fever
    -transmitted by tick
    -cases found in Pennsylvania
    Rickettsia rickettsii
  15. -causes GI problems
    -common food poisoning
    -carried by poultry and pigs
    Campylobacter jejuni
  16. -water borne disease
    -oral-fecal transmission (food borne)
    -causes dysentery, diarrhea, dehydration
    -Cholera
    -discovered by John Snow (epidemiology)           
    Vibrio cholerae
  17. -causes meningitis
    -highly contagious
    -found where people live in close contact with each other
    -headache, stiff neck, shoulder pain
    -very antibiotic sensitive
    -aerosol transmission and fomite transmission
    Neisseria meningitidis
  18. -causes gonorrhea (the clap)
    -guys pissing razor blades
    Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  19. -causes anthrax
    -3 types- skin, pulmonary and GI
    -vaccine effective only for skin
    -Bacillus anthracis
  20. -does not generally cause infections
    -normal flora in intestine
    -predominant in breast-fed infants
    Bifidobacterium species
  21. -causes botulism
    -typically caused by ingesting toxin-contaminated canned food
    -produces exotoxin anaerobically
    Clostridium botulinum
  22. -causes gas gangrene
    -acquired when soil-borne endospores contaminate an infected wound
    -gas formation and swelling
    -treatment= high oxygen pressure
    Clostridium perfringens
  23. -causes tetanus
    -soil-borne
    Clostridium tetani
  24. -normal microbiota of the intestinal tract
    -causes GI problems, UTI
    -VRE (vancomycin resistant enterococci)
    -noscomal infection
    -very resistant to cleansing products
    Enterococcus species
  25. -leading cause of wound infections
    -cellulits and meningitis
    -MRSA
    Staphylococcus aureus
  26. -normal flora on the skin
    S. epidermidis
  27. -causes pneumonia and meningitis and septicemia
    Streptococcus pneumoniae
  28. -causes strep throat, rheumatic fever (scarlet fever), wound infections, glomerulonephritis, and streptococcal toxic shock
    -Semmelweis
    Streptococcus pyogenes
  29. -causes TB in lungs
                -MDR-TB-multidrug resistant TB
                            -resistant to rifampin and INH
     -XDR-Tb- extensive drug resistant
                         -also known as military TB- TB gets to other organs and causes spots
     -old name was consumption
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  30. -leprosy aka Hansen’s disease
    -form of dry gangrene
    -armadillos carry it
    -not much is known on transmission
    -common in Brazil, Pakistan and Bangladesh
    Mycobacterium leprae
  31. -causes syphilis (STD)
    -never been grown in culture
    Treponema pallidum
  32. -causes Lyme disease
    -tick-borne disease
    Borrelia burgdorferi
  33. -causes walking pneumonia
    -not susceptible to penicillin because it lacks a cell wall
    Mycoplasm pneumoniae
  34. causes spontaneous abortions in cattle and people
    Listeria monocytogenes
  35. causes ulcers in people
    Helicobacter pylori
  36. common in pigs but can cause dysentery in people
    Shigella dysenteriae
  37. -cat scratch fever
    -self-limiting disease
    Baronella henselae
  38. fungi that causes ringworm
    Tina capitis
  39. causes athlete’s foot
    Tina pedidis
  40. An early symptom indicating the onset of an attack or a disease.
    Prodromal

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