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Elimination of all hostile fires through education, engineering, and enforcement
To become less harsh/hostile or to make less severe.
First alarm system installed
First commercially successful auto sprinkler system patent date
First heat indicator patent
George Darby, 1902
Battery powered smoke alarms introduced
Iroquois Theatre Fire, Chicago Illinois, 1903
Playhouse made of oils painted canvas.
Lit by hot stage light.
No auto sprinklers
Fire curtain malfunction
Triangle shirtwaist factory, New York, 1911
High rise on 8,9, and 10th floor
Employee tossed cigarette into trash can
Cocoanut grove nightclub, Boston Massachusetts, 1942
Walls made of paper decorations
Ignited when someone struck a match
1,000 occupants (twice the capacity)
Single exit, revolving door
Winecoff hotel, Atlanta Georgia, 1946
Deadliest hotel fire in USA
One exit stairway
No suppression system
No fire alarm
Katie Jane memorial home, warrenton Missouri, 1957
Deadliest nursing home fire in USA
No sprinkler or alarm
Our Lady of Angels School, Chicago, Illinois, 1958
Deadliest school fire in USA
Started in a basement trash can in the stairwell
No sprinkler/alarm systems
Delayed notification of F.D
92 kid 3 Nuns dead
Beverly Hills Supper Club, Southgate, Kentucky, 1977
No sprinkler/alarm system
Inadequate egress and exit indification
Delayed activation of F.D
Fire began in unoccupied room
MGM Grand Hotel, Las Vegas, Nevada, 1980
No sprinklers in casino area
Unprotected vertical shafts
One way doors to stairwell
Station Nightclub, West Warwick, Rhode Island, 2003
Pyrotechnics from concert ignited soundproof foam
The President's Conference on Fire Prevention
1947 created by Harry Truman
Group that reviews fire problems in USA
Identifies deficiencies in fire service
ALL municipal agencies be grouped into one fire prevention code
Recommended the widespread use of fire extinguishing equipment, hoses, standpipes, automatic sprinklers and alarm systems in buildings.
Three E's of Prevention
National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control
Richard Nixon, 1970
Improvement of fire protection features of buildings
Recommended Economic incentives for protection systems installed
Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974
Passed as result of Nixons National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control
Automatic fire detection and alarm systems
Activated by smoke or radiant heat
Alert occupants and/or fire department of fire
DOES NOT suppress or impede fire growth
Automatic fire suppression systems
Works to suppress fire hazard
Does not require human intervention for effectivness
Manual fire alarm systems
Requires manual activation once fire has been detected
Manual fire suppression systems
Mechanism require human operation
Standpipe, fire extinguisher, fire hose
Smoke control/exhaust systems
Mechanically remove smoke/products of combustion
Reduces fire spread
Enchances survivability rate of occupants
Five categories of Fire detection/suppression systems
Auto fire detection and alarm system
Autio fire suppression system
Manual fire alarm
Manual fire suppression system
Smoke control/exhaust system
set of principles, protocols or procedures developed by committees through a consensus process.
describe how to do something/provide a minimum set of principles to be followed.
law or body of regulations for a political subdivision such as a municipality or county.
Method that Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) adopts a code to become new regulation.
AHJ refers to a code and states the code is legally enforceable.
Rules, principles, or measures established through agreement of memebers of the Standards-setting Organization.