A & P I Final review

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monajc
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162913
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A & P I Final review
Updated:
2012-07-17 21:34:40
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Chapters 1-10 and 21
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  1. name the three injection sites
    deltoid muscle, vastus lateralis, and dorsal gluteal or ventral gluteal
  2. what are the 4 basic types of tissues
    epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue
  3. towards midline
    medial and lateral; medial signifies "toward the midline or median plane of the body"
  4. what part of the brain is reasoning and intellect
    cerebral cortex
  5. middle layer of the eye
    choroid
  6. main functions of the muscular system
    body movement, body form and shape, to maintain posture, body heat, to maintain body temperature
  7. why is it important the alkaline of semen
    neutralizes the acidity of the female vagina and male urethra
  8. what activates the sweat glands
    heat, pain, fever, and nervousness
  9. what structure in the ear equilizes pressure
    eustachian tube
  10. "cell eating" subtance engulfed are within particles
    phagocytosis
  11. "cell drinking" substance engulfed are within solution
    pinocytosis
  12. part of the skin which defends against bacteria
    stratum corneum
  13. which organelle is either smooth or rough
    endoplasmic reticulum
  14. muscle in the neck that rotates the head
    sternocleidomastoid
  15. where does fertilization occur
    fallopian tube
  16. hyper-
    over, above, excessive or beyond
  17. hypo-
    under, beneath, below
  18. posterior is opposite to
    anterior
  19. substance that, when dissolved in water will ionize into positively charged hydrogen ions (H+) and negatively charged ions of some other element
    acid
  20. a substance, when dissolved in water, ionizes into negatively charged (OH+) ions and positively charged ions of a metal
    base or alkali
  21. prasympathetic response to stimuli
    increase perstalsis
  22. myelin sheath
    white fatty substance
  23. what lobe of the cerebrum controls motor function
    frontal lobe
  24. in a warm enviroment what would the arteries do
    dilate to release heat
  25. made up of the like atom; substance that can neither be created nor destroyed
    element
  26. elements combined in definate prportion by weight to form new substance
    compound
  27. part of the epidermis constantly undergoing mitosis
    stratum germinativium
  28. different types of connective tissue
    loose connective tissue, dense, specialized adipose tissue, aeolar (loose) tissue, dense fibrous tissue, supportive tissue, vascular
  29. state of balance, it is the ability of the healthy body to regulate the internal enviroment within narrow limits
    homeostasis
  30. part of the vertebrae that supports most of the body weight
    lumbar vertebrae
  31. what are the synovial membranes and what do they do
    double layer of connective tissue that lines joint cavities and produces synovial fluid (fluid reduces friction of joint movement)
  32. what is the protein that makes the skin waterproof
    keratin
  33. tympanic membrane
    eardrum
  34. pigment for skin color
    melanin
  35. movement of an extremity away from the midline and imaginary line that divides the body from head to toe
    abduction
  36. movement toward the midline
    adduction
  37. the bulging, rounded upper part above the entrance of the two oviducts into the uterus
    fundus
  38. big hole at the base of the skull
    foreman magnum
  39. building up of complex materials from simpler ones such as food and oxygen
    anabolism
  40. functional activities of cells that result in growth, repair, and the release of energy by the cells
    metabolism
  41. breaking down and changing of complex substances into simpler ones, with a release of energy and carbon dioxide
    catabolism
  42. what are the three parts of the sternum
    manubrium (upper region), the body, xiphoid process
  43. a line of connective or closure between bones, irregular band of connective tissue that holds cranial bones together during infancy
    suture
  44. attatched to a moveable part; part that moves most during muscle contraction
    insertion
  45. part of a skeletal muscle that is attached to a fixed structure or bone, it moves least during muscle contraction
    origin
  46. soft spot on baby's head, bone has not formed yet
    fontanel
  47. adipose tissue
    fat
  48. a sudden, severe, sharp, stabbing pain along the pathway of the nerve
    neuralgia
  49. menarche
    menstrual bleeding at puberty
  50. walnut
    prostate
  51. NaCl
    sodium chloride (salt)
  52. masseter
    muscle that closes the jaw
  53. blood cell will shrink and wrinkle up because water molecules are moving out of the cell
    blood cell in hypertonic solution
  54. blood cell will swell and burst because water molecules are moving into the cell
    blood cell in hypotonic solution
  55. blood cell remains unchanged, because the movement of water molecules into and out ot the cell is the same
    blood cell in isotonic solution
  56. endometrium
    inner most layer of the uterus
  57. carries milk to the nipple
    lactiferous ducts
  58. palm is foward and upward
    supination of forearm and hand
  59. forearm turns the hand so the palm is downward or backward
    pronation of forearm and hand
  60. what is the longest bone of the body
    femur
  61. crossover
    pons
  62. functions of the skin
    • protection
    • regulate body temp
    • manufacture vitamin D
    • many nerve endings
    • temporary storage of fat, glucose, water, salts   
    • screen out harmful ultraviolet radiation
    • absorb drugs and other chemical substances
    •        

       
  63. external female genitalia
    vulva
  64. what connects the cerebral hemisphere with the spinal cord
    brain stem
  65. Ca
    calcium
  66. C
    carbon
  67. Cl
    chlorine
  68. H
    hydrogen
  69. I
    iodine
  70. Fe
    iron
  71. Mg
    magnesium
  72. N
    nitrogen
  73. O
    oxygen
  74. P
    phosphorus
  75. K
    potassium
  76. Na
    sodium
  77. Zn
    zinc
  78. what are the cells that cover internal and external surfaces
    epithelial tissue
  79. parts of the cell
    cell plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
  80. where is ATP produced
    mitochondria
  81. where the message goes from one cell to the next cell
    synapse
  82. electrically charged atom
    ion
  83. positive charged atom
    cation
  84. negative charged atom
    anion
  85. right and left sections
    sagittal
  86. anterior and posterior portions
    coronal (frontal) plane
  87. upper and lower parts; superior and inferior
    transverse
  88. fluid within the cell
    intracellular
  89. the fluid that bathes the cell and transports nutrients into and out of the cell
    extracellular
  90. sympathetic nervous system
    "fight or flight" works under stress
  91. parasympathetic nervous system
    opposite of sympathetic, maintain balance, resting
  92. where does the retina have the sharpest vision
    center of the eye; fovea
  93. what are the projections at the head of the femur where muscles attach to
    tochanter
  94. how is oxygen stored in muscles
    mitochondria
  95. where is ATP produced
    mitochondria

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