CH 13: Ear

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Author:
mariamandrussow
ID:
163020
Filename:
CH 13: Ear
Updated:
2012-07-18 19:52:52
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Ear
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Description:
Ear
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  1. acous/o
    audi/o
    hearing
  2. aer/o
    air/gas
  3. aur/i
    ot/o
    ear
  4. cerumin/o
    wax
  5. salping/o
    • eustachian tube
    • uterine tube
  6. tympan/o
    myring/o
    eardrum
  7. -acusis
    hearing condition
  8. pinna
    aurivle (little ear), projected part of external ear
  9. external auditory meatus
    external passage for sounds collected from pinna-to tympanic membrane
  10. cerumen
    ear wax
  11. tympanic membrane
    eardrum-receives sound, amplifies to middle ear
  12. malleus
    incus
    stapes
    • ossicles
    • hammer, anvil, stirrup
  13. eustachian tube
    auditory tube
    tube connecting the middle ear to the pharynx
  14. oval window
    membrane that covers the opening between the middle and inner ear
  15. labrynth
    maze; bony and membranous labryth
  16. cochlea
    coiled tubular structure containing the organ of corti
  17. otalgia
    otodynia
    earache
  18. otorrhagia
    bleeding from the ear
  19. otorrhea
    drainage from the ear
  20. tinnitus
    jingling, ringing, buzzing in the ear
  21. vertigo
    turning round; dizziness
  22. otitis externa
    inflammation of external auditory canal
  23. cerumen impaction
    excessive wax buildup
  24. myringitis
    tympanitis
    inflammation of the eardrum
  25. otitis media
    inflammation of the middle ear
  26. aerotitis media
    inflammation of middle air due to air pressure
  27. eustachain obstruction
    blockage of the eustachian tube
  28. acoustic neuroma
    benign tumor on the auditory nerve
  29. aplasia
    absence or malformation of inner ear structures during embryonic development, causing deafness
  30. labyrinthitis
    inflammation of the labyrinth
  31. conductive hearing loss
    hearing impairment caused by sound/vibration interference in the EXTERNAL CANAL, MIDDLE EAR & OSSICLES
  32. sensorineural hearing loss
    hearing impairment caused by lesions or dysfuction of the COCHLEA or AUDITORY NERVE
  33. mixed hearing loss
    combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss
  34. presbyacusis
    presbycusis
    hearing impairment in old age
  35. audiometry
    process of measuring hearing
  36. audiometer
    instrument for measuring hearing
  37. audiogram
    record of hearing measurement
  38. audiologist
    person who specializes in the study of hearing impairments
  39. auditory acuity test
    physical assessment of hearing
  40. tuning fork
    used to test hearing through bone conduction
  41. brainstem auditory evoked potentials
    electrodiagnostic testing using computerized equipment to measure involuntary responses to sound through nervous system
  42. otoscopy
    use of an otoscope to examine the external auditory canal and tympanic membrane

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