Nutrition Fluid Balance

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Nutrition Fluid Balance
2012-07-19 10:08:37
Nutrition Fluid Balance

Nutrition Fluid Balance
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  1. What is present in all body cells
    makes up 50-60% of bidy weight
  2. Which can a person live longer without food or water
  3. Water intake and output must be ______ to maintain health
  4. What are the 2 types of fluid found in the body
    • ICF(intracellular fluid)
    • ECF(extracellular fluid)
  5. What fluid type is found in cells and makes up 65% of total body fluids
  6. Where is ECF found and how much of the total body fluid does it account for
    • outside of cells
    • bloodstream, interstitial, glandular secreations
    • 35%
  7. What are the functions of water
    • provides shape & cell rigidity
    • helps regulare body temp
    • lubricates
    • cushions body tissue
    • transports nutrients & waste
    • Acts as a slovent
    • source of trace minerals
    • participates in anabolism & catabolism
    • maintains acid base balance
  8. What type of things is water a solvent for
    • glucose
    • amino acids
    • minerals
    • proteins
    • anything that dissolves in water
  9. Why is there a minimum water intake need
    • for cell function
    • needed to be a solution for waste excretion
  10. What are adequate daily water intakes for men and women
    • men= 13 c
    • women= 9 c
  11. What is the minimum amount of water intake
    4 cups
  12. What is the average I&O
    2500ml per 24hrs
  13. What is the minimum I&O to ensure that kidneys are functioning normally
    30ml per hr(1 oz)
  14. What are the best ways to increase water intake
    • drink more
    • other fluids(milk,fruit juice,soup)
    • some fruit and veggies
  15. What fruits and veggies are helpful in increasing water intake
    • watermelon
    • grapes
    • oranges
    • lettuce
    • tomatoes
    • zuchinni
  16. What is the total fluid output per day
  17. How much of the total daily output is excreted as urine
  18. What are sensible fluid losses
    • losses that can be measured
    • vomit, urine, diarrhea
  19. What are insensible fluid losses
    • losses that can't be measured
    • evaporation from skin
    • respiration
  20. How are fluid and electrolytes regualted
    • osmosis
    • diffusion
    • active transport
    • filtration
    • hormone regulation
  21. Movement of a solvent(water) from high to low gradient
  22. Solute movement from high to low gradient
  23. Movement of solute from low to high gradient, requires energy, uses protein carrier(lipoprotein)
    active transport
  24. Movement of a solute from low to high gradient, requires a protein carrier
    facilitaed diffusion
  25. Solute flows through from low to high gradient