Math Flashcards - Generalist.txt

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Author:
kcooper
ID:
163114
Filename:
Math Flashcards - Generalist.txt
Updated:
2012-08-01 16:26:04
Tags:
Math generalist TeXes
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Description:
Math Content Flashcards for the TeXes Generalist
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  1. 1 kilometer = _____ meters
    1000
  2. 1 meter = ____ centimeters
    100
  3. 1 centimeter = ____ millimeters
    10
  4. 1 mile = ____ yards
    1760
  5. 1 mile = ____ feet
    5280
  6. 1 yard = ____ feet
    3
  7. 1 foot = ____ inches
    12
  8. 1 gallon = ____ quarts
    4
  9. 1 gallon = ____ fluid ounces
    128
  10. 1 quart = ____ pints
    2
  11. 1 pint = ____ cups
    2
  12. 1 cup = ____ fluid ounces
    8
  13. 1 ton = ____ pounds
    2000
  14. 1 pound = ____ ounces
    16
  15. Perimeter of a square
    4s
  16. Perimeter of a rectangle
    2l+2w or 2(l+w)
  17. Circumference of a Circle
    C=2πr or C=πd
  18. Area of a Square
    A=s2
  19. Area of a Rectagle
    A=lw or A=bh
  20. Area of a Triangle
    A=1/2bh or A=bh/2
  21. Area of a Trapezoid
    A= 1/2 (b1 +b2)h or A=((b1+b2)h)/2
  22. Area of Circle
    A = πr2
  23. Volume of a Cube
    V=s3
  24. Volume of a Rectangular Prism
    V=lwh
  25. Pi
    π=3.14 or π=22/7
  26. Operation: + addition
    Solution: Sum
  27. Operation: - subtraction
    Solution: difference
  28. Operation: x multiplication
    Solution: product
  29. Operation: divide
    Solution: quotient
  30. Order of Operations
    PEMDAS
  31. A number is divisible by 2 if . . .
    It is an even number
  32. A number is divisible by 3 if . . .
    The sum of its digits is divisible by 3
  33. A number is divisible by 4 if . . .
    The last 2 digits are divisible by 4
  34. A number is divisible by 5 if . . .
    The last digit is 5 or 0
  35. A number is divisible by 6 if . . .
    It is divisible by both 2 and 3
  36. A number is divisible by 8 if . . .
    The last 3 digits are divisible by 8
  37. A number is divisible by 9 if . . .
    The sum of its digits is divisible by 9
  38. A number is divisible by 10 if . . .
    The last digit is 0
  39. Prime number
    A number with only 2 factors—1 and itself
  40. Composite number
    A number with more than 2 factors
  41. Greatest Common Factor (GCF)
    The largest factor that divides into 2 numbers
  42. Least Common Multiple (LCM)
    The smallest number (not 0) that 2 numbers will divide into evenly
  43. Percent Ratios
    Problem - z is what % of y?
    Solve using:  = 

    So,  

    What is 60% of 90?
  44. Decimal to Fraction
    the number after the decimal is the numerator; place value is the denominator

     

    Change .15 to a fraction
    .15 = 
  45. Fraction to Percent
    change fraction to decimal; use rules to change decimal to percent

     = ____%
     = 5/3.0 = .6 = 60%
  46. Fraction to Decimal
      (divide)

     = 0.___
    4/1.00=.25
  47. Decimal to Percent
    multiply by 100; decimal moves 2 places to the right; label percent

    .007 = ____%
    .007 = .7%
  48. Percent to Decimal
    divide by 100; decimal moves 2 places to the left; drop percent sign

    8.5% = ___
    8.5% = .085
  49. Percent to Fraction
      then reduce

    35% = ______
  50. freezing point of water
    32oF
    __oC
    0
  51. Temperature

    Celcius to Fahrenheit
  52. Temperature

    Fahrenheit to Celcius
  53. Commutative Property
    (the numbers switch positions)

    Addition
  54. Commutative Property 
    (the numbers switch positions)

    Multiplication
  55. Associative Property
    (the parentheses change positions)

    Addition
  56. Associative Property
    (the parentheses change postions)

    Multiplication
  57. Inverse Property
    (addition uses the opposite, multiplication uses the reciprocal)

    Addition
  58. Inverse Property
    (addition uses the opposite, multiplication uses the reciprocal)

    Multiplication
      when does not equal 0
  59. Distributive Property
    (always involves 2 operations)






  60. Cross Product Property - Cross Multiplication
    (use to prove 2 ratios are in proportion)
      is equivalent to 

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