OB Packet 221

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harstanner
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163205
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OB Packet 221
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2012-07-19 23:37:30
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OB Packet 221
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OB Packet 221 terms and abbreviations
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  1. ?
    Intrauterine pregnancy
  2. Fetal demise
    fetal death
  3. failure to grow at the expected rate in utero
    Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)
  4. ?
    Intrauterine pressure catheter (IUPC)
  5. PIH
    Pregnancy induced hypertension
  6. DTR’s
    deep tendon reflexes
  7. occurs during the second stage, the women’s bladder and bowel muscles contract and relax; incontinence of urine and feces may occur
    Clonus
  8. in pregnancy-induce hypertension, the phase before the pregnant woman experiences a seizure
    Preeclampsia
  9. a variation of hypertension of pregnancy named for the common symptoms that occur:  hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets
    HELLP Syndrome
  10. premature separation of the placenta
    Placenta abruption
  11. low implantation of the placenta (condition of pregnancy in which the placenta is implanted abnormally in the uterus
    Placenta previa
  12. a condition of abnormal glucose metabolism that arises during pregnancy
    Gestational diabetic
  13. an excessive amount of amniotic fluid (generally over 2000 mL)

     
    Hydramnios
  14. intentional breaking of the amniotic sac with a sterile amniohook, Allis’ forcepts or amniotome to stimulate or augument labor
    Amniotomy
  15. spontaneous rupture of membranes
    SROM
  16. artificial rupture of membranes
    AROM
  17. a disposable plastic hook (Amnihook) is used to perforate the amniotic sac

     
    Amniohook
  18. a decreased amount of amniotic fluid

     
    Oligohydramnios
  19. is a glycoprotein produced by the fetal liver that reaches a peak in maternal serum between the 13th and 32nd week of pregnancy
    Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)
  20. labor that occurs before the end of week 37 of gestation
    Preterm labor
  21. painless, erratic uterine contractions that occur toward the end of pregnancy.  They ready the cervix for labor, but the cervical dilation does not occur with them.
    Braxton-Hicks
  22. uterine flow, consisting of blood, fragments of deciduas, white blood cells, mucus, and some bacteria following childbirth
    Lochia
  23. vaginal discharge consisting almost entirely of blood with only small particles of  deciduas and mucus, occurring from days 1 to 3 of the postpartal period
    rubra
  24. pink or brownish vaginal discharge beginning at about the 4th postpartal day
    serosa
  25. colorless or white vaginal discharge occurring about the 10th postpartal day
    alba
  26. C/S
    Caesarean section
  27. SVD
    spontaneous vaginal delivery
  28. Number of cord vessels
    2 arteries, 1 vein
  29. number of times a woman has been pregnant,
    including the present pregnancy; a pregnant woman     
    Gr (Gravada)
  30. number of children above the age of viability a woman has previously birthed
    P (Para)
  31. SAB
    spontaneous abortion    
  32. TAB
    therapeutic abortion
  33. thinning of the cervix in labor
    Effacement
  34. the relationship of the presenting part of the fetus to the level of the ischial spines
    Station
  35. Stages of labor:  consist of latent, active and transition phases
    First
  36. Stage of labor:  is the period from full dilation and cervical effacement to birth of the infant;
    Second
  37. Stage of Labor:  or the placental stage begins with the birth of
    the infant and ends with the delivery of the placenta
    Third
  38. Stage of Labor: 
    Fourth
  39. a rhythmic tightening of the uterus that aids in achieving cervical dilation and effacement
    Contractions
  40. the rate at which uterine contractions occur, measured by the time elapsed between the beginning of one contraction and the beginning of the next          
    Frequency
  41. ?
    Interval
  42. the time between the beginning and the end of one uterine contraction
    Duration
  43. a state of increased force, muscle vigor, or energy
    Intensity
  44. U/S
    ultrasound
  45. non-stress test
    NST
  46. contraction stress test
    CST
  47. FTP
    formycin triphosphate
  48. an Rh-negative mother (one negative for a D antigen or one with a dd genotype) is carrying a fetus with an Rh-positive blood type (DD or Dd genotype)
    Rh incompatibility
  49. Hgb
    hemoblogin
  50. Hct
    hematocrit
  51. surgical incision of the perineum to prevent tearing and to release pressure on the fetal head with birth
    Episiotomy
  52. begun in the midline of the perineum
    Midline
  53. begun in the midline but directed laterally away from the rectum
    Mediolateral
  54. an exercise for strengthening the pubococcygeal and levator ani muscles.  The patient should repeatedly and rapidly alternate contracting and relaxing the muscles for 10 seconds
    Kegals
  55. one in which implantation occurs outside the uterine cavity

     
    Ectopic pregnancy
  56. birth of a fetus by means of vacuum pressure
    Vacuum
  57. steel double-bladed instruments used to prevent pressure on the fetal head

     
    Forceps
  58. yellowing of the skin
    Jaundice
  59. a white, cream cheese – like substance that serves as a skin lubricant; usually noticeable on a newborn’s skin at birth in
    a term neonate
    Vernix- (caseosa)
  60. fine, downy hair that covers a newborn’s shoulders, back and upper arms

     
    Lanugo
  61. Estimated date of delivery/estimated date of birth

     
    EDD/EDB

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