Nutrition Potassium

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Author:
tville01
ID:
163268
Filename:
Nutrition Potassium
Updated:
2012-07-27 06:24:41
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Nutrition Potassium
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Nutrition Potassium
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  1. What is the most abundant ICF cation
    potassium(K+)
  2. Potassium is a ________ electrolyte charge
    positive
  3. Potassium gets exchanged for _______ to maintain the acid-base balance
    sodium
  4. What are normal potassium serum levels
    3.5-5.5mEg/L
  5. What are good sources of potassium
    • fruits and veggie
    • white potatoes w/skin
    • sweet potatoes
    • tomatoes
    • bananas
    • oranges
    • dairy
    • legumes
  6. What is the AI for potassium
    4700mg
  7. What is the function of potassium
    • Maintains acid-base
    • Functioning of nerve & muscles
  8. In acidosis potassoim moves from
    cells to plasma
  9. In alkolosis potassium moves from
    plasma to cells
  10. Potassium is a BIG concern in what
    cardiac condition
  11. ACE inhibitors,diuretics, & angitensin II blockers will _________ potassium levels
    lower
  12. Steroids and hormones that cause sodium retention will cause what to happen to potassium
    excretion
  13. What causes hyperkalemia(high K)
    • Acidosis
    • Insulin deficiency
    • Cell necrosis
    • Acute renal failure
    • Heparin,Potassium antibiotics, epinephrine
    • Falsley elevated hemolysis
  14. What are the S&S of hyperkalemia
    • Decreased urination(oliguria)
    • Irritability
    • Diarrhea
    • Acidosis
    • Cariac arrhthymias & palpitations
    • Muscle twitching
  15. What is the treatment for hyperkalemia
    Reduce serum potassium level by:

    • Kayexakate ti bind K to GI tract
    • Insulin/Glucose to drive K into cells
    • Cardiac monitering
    • Calcium gluconate to counter cardiac irritability
  16. What causes hypokalemia
    • Alkalosis
    • Extra insulin
    • Increased excretions
    • Diuretics
    • Corticosteroids
    • Lithium
  17. What are the S&S of hypokalemia
    • Thirst
    • Weak pulse
    • Low BP
    • Depressed T waves
    • Muscle weakness
  18. What is the treatment of hypokalemia
    Replace potassium by:

    • Foods
    • Oral medications
    • IV medications

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