Ch 28

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Ch 28
2012-07-20 15:44:23
Wheelock Wheelocks Latin

Wheelock's Vocab, Rules & Paradigms
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  1. Three Latin Moods
    Indicative (indicates real action), Imperative (commends an actionto happen), Subjunctive (potential action)
  2. Subjunctive Mood
    potential, tentative, hypothetical, ideal or even unreal action

    "If the student were here, he would be taking notes"

    were and could are auxilaries to indicate this action as hypothetical

    used chiefly in subordinate clauses
  3. English subjunctive auxilaries
    were, would, may, might, should, may have, would have
  4. Present Subjunctive Mood

    I Conjugation
    • em         emus
    • es          etis
    • et           ent

    • VR + end  (laud-em) +case endings
    • we
  5. Present Subjunctive Mood

    II Conjugations
    • am         amus
    • as          atis
    • at           ant

    • VS + end (mone-as) +case endings
    • fear
  6. Present Subjunctive Mood

    III Conjugations
    • am         amus
    • as          atis
    • at           ant

    • VR + end (ag-amus) +case endings
    • a
  7. Present Subjunctive Mood

    III-io and IV Conjugations
    • am         amus
    • as          atis
    • at           ant

    • VS + end  (capi-atis) +case endings
    • liar
  8. Jussive Subjunctive
    from iubeo (to order)

    • Definition: expresses a command, esp 1st/3rd person
    • Recognize: the main verb (usualloy only verb) will be subjunctive. negative = introduced with ne
    • Translate: usually "let", some "may" and "should"

    semper speres, you should always hope
  9. cogitem nunc de hac re, et tum non errabo
    Let me think now of this matter, and then I will not err.
  10. discipulus discat aut discedat
    Let the student either learn or leave
  11. doceamus magna cum delectatione linguam Latinam
    Let us teach the Latin language with great delight
  12. ne id faciamus
    Let us not do it.
  13. audeant illi viri et feminae esse fortes
    Let those men and women dare to be brave
  14. Purpose Clause
    • Definition: subordinate clause indicating objective of the action in the main clause
    • Recognize: subjunctive clause introduced by "ut" or "ne"
    • Translate: "may" is often used in present tense, but more idiomatic with an infinitive ("to", "in order to") as long as purpose and main clause have same subject

    • hoc dicit ut eos iuvet
    • he says this to help them
  15. discedit ne id audiat
    he is leaving in order not to hear this
  16. cum cura docet ut discipuli bene discant
    he teaches with care so that his students may learn well
  17. hoc facit ne capiatur
    he does this in order not to be captured
  18. libros legimus ut multa discamus
    we read books in order to learn many things
  19. bonos libros nobis dent ne malos legamus
    let them give us good books (so that) we may not read bad (ones)
  20. arma
    • arma, armōrum
    •         II
    • arms, weapons
  21. cursus
    • cursus, cursūs
    • m.          IV
    • running, race, course
  22. lūna
    • lūna, lūnae
    • f.         I
    • moon
  23. occāsiō
    • occāsiō, occāsiōnis
    • f             III
    • occasion, opportunity
  24. parens
    • parēns, parentis
    • m, f               III (irregular)
    • parent

    (pario, parere: give birth to)
  25. stēlla
    • stēlla, stēllae
    • f          I
    • star, planet
  26. vesper
    • vesper, vesperis/vesperī
    • m               II
    • evening, evening star
  27. mortuus
    • mortuus, mortua, mortuum
    • participle
    • dead
  28. prīnceps
    • prīnceps (all genders), prīncipis
    • adj        III:    chief, foremost
    • m,f noun: leader, emperor
  29. ut
    • conj
    • + subjunctive:  in order that, so that, in order to, so as to, to
    • + indicative: as, when
    • adv and conj (w/ subjunctive of command and purpose):
    • not, in order that...not, that...not, in order not to
  30. cēdō
    • cēdō, cēdere, cessī, cessum
    • verb              III
    • to go, withdraw,; yeild to, grant, submit
  31. dēdicō
    • dēdicō, dēdicāre, dēdicāvī, dēdicātum
    • verb            I
    • to dedicate
  32. egeō
    • egeō, egēre, eguī, egitūrus
    • verb         II
    • to dedicate
  33. expleō
    • expleō, explēre, explēvī, explētum
    • verb           II
    • to fill, fill up, complete
  34. praestō
    • praestō, praestāre, praestitī, praestātum
    • verb            I
    • to excel, exhibit, show, offer, supply, furnish
  35. taceō
    • taceō, tacēre, tacuī, tacitum
    • verb                   II
    • to be silent, leave unmentioned