Card Set Information
Bilingual Key Concepts
language is a form of education in which students are taught literacy and
content in two languages.
There are 4 types
Developmental,or maintenance, bilingual programs
These enroll primarily students who are
native speakers of the partner language.
Two-way(bilingual) immersion programs.
These enroll a balance of native English
speakers and native speakers of the partner language.
Foreign language immersion
language immersion or one-way immersion. These enroll
primarily native English speakers.
Heritage language programs.
These mainly enroll students who are dominant in English but
whose parents, grandparents, or other ancestors spoke the partner language.
transitional bilingual programs
Where the aim is to transition students out of their native
language to English.
dual language programs are considered to promote "additive
bilingualism", meaning that students' primary language is developed and
maintained as a second language is added.
Foreign language education
where students receive less than half a day studying in the
partner language, and often only study language arts and literature in that language as opposed to content area subjects such as mathematics, science, and
Full immersion, or 90/10
Programs teach in the partner language 90% of the time in the primary
grades (usually kindergarten and first grade) and 10% in English, and
gradually adjust the ratio each year until the partner language is used
50% and English is used 50% by third or fourth grade (sometimes later if the
program extends through eighth grade or beyond).
Partial immersion, or 50/50,
Programs teach 50% of the day in English and 50% of the day in the partner
language at all grade levels.
Instructional scaffolding is
A learning process designed to promote a deeper learning. Scaffolding is the
support given during the learning process which is tailored to the needs of the
student with the intention of helping the student achieve his/her learning
goals (Sawyer, 2006).