Ideas: Ch 1-20

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Ideas: Ch 1-20
2012-07-21 11:39:26
wheelocks latin

Paradigms, etc (not vocab)
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  1. Parts of a Verb
    • 5 Characteristics:
    •      Person
    •     Tense
    •     Number
    •     Mood
    •     Voice
  2. List Verb Persons and Endings
    • 1st:    s) -o/-m   I                pl) -mus     we
    • 2nd:   s) -s      you              pl) -tis       ya'll
    • 3rd:   s) -t    he/she/it          pl) -nt       they
  3. Present Active Infinitives
    • 2nd Principal Part:
    • I           laudare     to praise
    • II         moneo      to advise
    • III        legere        to read
    • IIIio     capere      to capture
    • IV        audire       to hear
  4. Present Active Imperatives
    • Stem of the 2nd Pricipal Part
    • I          s)  lauda     pl) lauda-te     (you/ya'll) praise!
    • II         s) mone      pl) mone-te     (you/ya'll) advise!
    • III        s) lege        pl) leg-ite        (you/ya'll) read!
    • IIIio     s) cape      pl) cap-ite         (you/ya'll) capture!
    • IV        s) audi       pl) audi-te        (you/ya'll) hear!
  5. What is an adverb?
    a word that modifies a verb, adj, or another adverb (usually placed before that word)

    • non valet  :  not (she) is well  --> she is not well
    • "well" is the verb, modified by "not"
  6. 4 Principal Parts of a Verb
    • 1. Present Active Infinitive: laudo, I praise
    • 2. Present Active Infinitive: laudare, to praise
    • 3. Perfect Active Indicative: lautavi, I praised, have praised
    • 4. Perfect Passive Participle: laudatum, praised, having been praised
  7. What is an Object of a Preposition?
    a noun or pronoun that occurs with (usually after) a preposition, together they create a "prepositional phrase" that modifies a noun or verb
  8. What is a Prepositional Phrase?
    preposition + noun/pronoun; modifies a noun or verb:

    noun: agricola ad portam est vir bonus = the farmer at the gate is a good man, "at the gate" tells you which farmer

    verb: agricola ad portam ambulat = the farmer is walking to the gate, "to the gate" tells you where he's verbing
  9. Common Prepositions for the Cases
    • Nom             -none-
    • Gen             of, -'s
    • Dat                to, for
    • Ac                direct obj, usually gets prep.phrase
    • Ab                by, with, from, in
  10. What is an Appositive?
    • a noun positioned beside another noun as an explanatory equivalent:
    • Tony, filium meum, in agro videt
    • I see Tony, my son, in the field
    • (son = Tony)
  11. What is an Intransitive Verb?
    a verb that connects its subject with a noun or adjective in the predicate

    • *sentence is divided into:
    • [subject w/ it's modifiers] + [predicate: verb and its dependent words and phrases]
  12. What is a Predicate Nominative?
    Nouns and their adjectives in the Predicate part of a sentence, usually connected to the subject with a linking verb (ie: is, are, to be)