CH: 14 Gastrointestinal System

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Author:
mariamandrussow
ID:
163442
Filename:
CH: 14 Gastrointestinal System
Updated:
2012-07-21 21:39:02
Tags:
Gastrointestinal
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Description:
Gastrointestinal
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  1. abdomin/o
    celi/o
    lapar/o
    abdomen
  2. an/o
    anus
  3. appendic/o
    appendix
  4. bil/i
    cho/e
    bile
  5. bucc/o
    cheek
  6. cheil/o
    lip
  7. col/o
    colon/o
    colon
  8. cyst/o
    bladder or sac
  9. dent/i
    teeth
  10. doch/o
    duct
  11. duoden/o
    duodenum
  12. enter/o
    small intestine
  13. esophag/o
    esophagus
  14. gastr/o
    stomach
  15. gingiv/o
    gum
  16. gloss/o
    lingu/o
    tongue
  17. hepat/o
    hepatic/o
    liver
  18. herni/o
    hernia
  19. ile/o
    ileum
  20. inguin/o
    groin
  21. jejun/o
    jejunum (empty)
  22. lith/o
    stone
  23. or/o
    stomat/o
    mouth
  24. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  25. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  26. phag/o
    eat or swallow
  27. proct/o
    anus or rectum
  28. pylor/o
    pylorus (gatekeeper)
  29. rect/o
    rectum
  30. sial/o
    saliva
  31. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon (resembles S)
  32. steat/o
    fat
  33. -emesis
    vomiting
  34. oral cavity
    cavity that receives food for digestion
  35. salivary glands
    • three pairs of exocrine glands that secrete saliva
    • partoid, submandibular, sublingual
  36. cardiac sphincter
    opening from the esophagus to the stomach
  37. pyloric sphincter
    opening from the stomach into the duodenum
  38. Portions of the small intestines in order
    • duodenum
    • jejunum
    • ileum
  39. cecum
    first part of the large intestine
  40. vermiform appendix
    • worm-like projection of the lymphatic tissue hanging off the cecum with no digestive function
    • possibly used to resist infection
  41. colon
    • portions of the large intestine
    • ascending-extends up from cecum
    • transverse-extends across from the ascending
    • descending-extends down from the transverse
    • sigmoid-portions resembling an S, terminates at rectum
  42. rectum
    distal end of the large intestine
  43. rectal ampulla
    dilated portion of the rectum-above anal canal
  44. anus
    opening of the rectum to the outside of the body
  45. feces
    refuse, sild waste

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