Gastrointestinal System

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Gastrointestinal System
2012-07-22 14:48:31
Chapter 14 Gastrointestinal System

Gastrointestinal terms
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  1. Abdomin/o
  2. An/o 
  3. Appendic/o
  4. Bil/i
  5. Bucc/o
  6. Cheil/o
  7. Col/o
  8. Cyst/o
    Blasdder or sac
  9. Dent/i
  10. Doch/o
  11. Duoden/o
    Duodenum or Small
  12. Enter/o
    small intestine
  13. Esophag/o
  14. Gastr/o
  15. Gingiv/o
  16. Gloss/o
  17. Hepat/o
  18. Herni/o
  19. ile/o
    • Ileum
    • Small intestine
  20. inguin/o
  21. Jejun/o
    • Jejunum 
    • Small intestine or Empty
  22. Lith/o
  23. or/o
  24. Pancreat/o
  25. peritone/o
  26. Phag/o
    eat or swallow
  27. proct/o
    anus and rectum
  28. pylor/o
    pylorus or gatekeeper
  29. rect/o
  30. sial/o
  31. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  32. steat/o
  33. -emesis
  34. Oral Cavity
    cavity that receives food for digestion
  35. Salivary glands
    three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete 
  36. Pharynx
  37. esophagus
    muscular tube that moves food from pharynx to esophagus
  38. Small intestine
    • Digest foods
    • duodenum
    • jejunum
    • ileum
  39. Large Intestine
    receives liquid waste absorbs minerals stores feces for defication
  40. anus
    opening of the rectum to the outside of the body
  41. peritoneum membrane
    membrane surrounding th eentire abdominal cavity 
  42. liver
    organ in upper right quadrant that produces bile
  43. gallbladder
    receptacle that stores and concentrates the bile produced in liver
  44. pancreas
    glad that secrets into the duodenum-mixes with bile to digest food
  45. biliary ducts
    ducts that convey bile including hepatic cystic and common bile ducts
  46. Constipation
    infrequent or incomplete bowel movememnts 
  47. diarrhea
    frequent loose or liquid stools
  48. dyspepsia
  49. dysphagia
    difficulty in swallowing 
  50. eructation
  51. flatulence
    gas in the stomach or intestines
  52. halitosis
    bad breath
  53. hematochezia
    red blood in the stool
  54. hematemesis
    vomiting blood
  55. hepatomegaly 
    enlargement of the liver
  56. hyperbilirubinemia
    excessive level of bilirubin in the blood
  57. icterus
    yellow discoloration of the skin , sclera and other tissues-caused by excessive bilirubin in blood (jaundice)
  58. melena
    dark colored tarry stool caused by old blood
  59. nausea
    sick in the stomach
  60. steatorrhea
    feces containing fat
  61. sublingual/hypoglossal
    under the tounge - dissolving medication
  62. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  63. sialoadenitis
    inflammation of the salivary gland
  64. parotitis
    inflammation of the parotid gland also called mumps
  65. cheilitis
    inflammation of the lip
  66. glossitis
    inflammation of the tongue
  67. ankyloglossia
    tongue tied tongue defect
  68. gingivitis
    inflammation of the gums 
  69. esophageal varices
    swollen twisted veins in the esophagus (usually what alcoholics die of)
  70. gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD
    backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus
  71. pyloric stenosis
    narrowed condition of the pylorus (the lower part of the sphincter)
  72. Peptic ulcer disease
    a sore on the mucous membrane of the stomach or any other part of the gastrointestinal system
  73. Gastric ulcer
    ulcer located in the stomach
  74. duodenal ulcer
    ulcer located in the duodenum
  75. gastroenteritis
    inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
  76. enteritis
    inflammation of the small intestine
  77. Ileitis
    ininflammation of the lower portion of the small intestine
  78. colitis
    inflammation of the colon
  79. diverticulum
    a abnormal side pocket in the tract -lack of fiber
  80. dysentery
    inflammation of the intestine characterized by frequent bloody stools
  81. Hernia
    protrusion of a part from its normal location
  82. intussusception
    prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen 
  83. volvulus
    twisiting of the bowel on itself
  84. polyposis
    multiple polyps in t he intestine and rectum with high malignancy potential
  85. proctitis
    inlammation of the rectum and anus
  86. anal fistula
    abnormal tube like passageway fromt he anus that may connect with the rectum 
  87. Hemorrhoid
    swollen twisted vein in the anal region
  88. peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
  89. Hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver
  90. Cirrhosis
    chronic disease characterizzed by degeneration of liver tissue
  91. cholangitis
    inflammatin of the bile ducts
  92. cholecystitis
    inflammatino of the gallbladder
  93. cholelithiasis
    presence of stones in the gallbladder or bile
  94. Choledocholithiasis
    stones in the common bile duct
  95. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
  96. Laparoscopy
    examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparascope
  97. peritoneoscopy
    examination of the peritoneal cavity with a peritoneoscope
  98. capsule endoscopy
    examinaton of the small intestine by swallowing a video camera capsule
  99. colonscopy
    examinatino of the colong 
  100. Sigmoidoscopy
    examinaton of the sigmoid colon
  101. proctoscopy
    examinatino of the rectum and anus
  102. Biopsy (Bx)
    removal of tissue for microscopic pathological examinatino
  103. Stool Culture and sensitivity
    isolation of a stool specimen in a culture medium to identify organisms
  104. Stool occult blood study
    chemical test of a stool sepcimen to detect the presence of blood
  105. occult
  106. herniorrhaphy 
    repair of hernia
  107. gastric resection
    partial removal and repair of the stomach
  108. glossorrhaphy
    suture of the tongue
  109. cheiloplasty
    repair of the lip
  110. proctoplasty
    repair of the snus and rectum
  111. cholecystectomy
    excision of the gallbladder
  112. cholelithotomy
    incision for removal of gallstones
  113. choledocholithotomy
    incision of the common bile duct for extractino of gallstones
  114. cholelithotripsy
    crushing of gallstones
  115. pancreatectomy
    excision of the Pancreas 
  116. gastric lavage
    oral insertion of a tube into the stomach for examination and treatment
  117. Nasogastric intubation
    inertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach for various pruposes
  118. antacid
    drug that neutralizes stomach acid
  119. antiemetic
    drug that prevents or stops vomiting 
  120. antispasmodic
    drug that decreases mortality in the tract
  121. Cathartic
    drug that cuases movement of the bowels also known as laxative
  122. NG
    nasogastric intubation 
  123. PED