Psychoanalytic Theory - Children of both sexes cope with their guilt and fear due to Oedipus & Electra Complexes through "Identification"; that is, they ally themselves with the same-sex parent by taking on that parent's behavior and attitudes. because them cannot actually replace their same-sex parents, young boys copy their father's mannerisms, opinions, actions, and so on, and girls copy their mother's. Both sexes exaggerate the male or female role.
Behaviorism - believe that virtually all roles are learned and therefore result from nurture not nature. To Behaviorists, gender distinctions are the product of ongoing reinforcement and punishment. Behaviorists believe that children learn about proper behavior not only directly (gender appropriate toys) but also indirectly through Social Learning
Children model their behavior particularly after that of people they perceive to be nurturing, powerful, and yet similar to themselves.
- Cognitive Theory - Children develop concepts about their experiences. (Gender Schema) Young children have many gender related experiences but not much cognitive depth and tend to see the world in simple terms (black & white) and categorize Male and Female as opposite. Their self-concept leads young children to a cognitive need to categorize themselves as male and female and then behave in a way that fits their concept