tox

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Author:
jmagana
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163532
Filename:
tox
Updated:
2012-07-31 12:25:52
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tox
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tox
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  1. Sympathomimetics examples
    amphetamines, cocaine
  2. Sympathomimetics S/S
    Mental status
    HR
    BP
    Temp
    Pupils
    Skin
    • Mental status: agitiation, delirium, psychosis, convulsions
    • HR: increased
    • BP: increased
    • Temp: increased
    • Pupils: large, reactive
    • Skin: diaphoresis
  3. examples of anticholinergics
    antihistamines
  4. Anticholinergics s/s:
    Mental status
    HR
    BP
    Temp
    Pupils
    Skin
    • Mental status: delirium, psychosis, coma, convulsions
    • HR: increased
    • BP: increased
    • Temp: increased
    • Pupils: large sluggish
    • Skin: flushed, dry
    • diminished bowel sounds
  5. examples of organophosphates
    insecticides, nerve gas
  6. Organophosphates s/s
    Pneumonic
    Mental status
    HR
    Pupils
    Skin
    • SLUDGE: salivation, lacrimation, urination, Defecation, Gastic cramping and Emesis
    • Mental status: confusion, fasciculations, coma
    • HR: decreased (or increased)
    • BP: --
    • Temp:--
    • Pupils: small
    • Skin: diaphoresis
    • hyperactive bowel sounds
  7. Opiods/clonidine S/S
    Mental status
    HR
    BP
    Temp
    Pupils
    • Mental status: euphoria, somnolence, coma
    • HR: decreased
    • BP: decreased
    • Temp: decreased
    • Pupils: pinpoint
  8. Barbituates/sedative hypnotics
    mental status
    BP
    temp
    respirations
    • mental status: somnolence, coma
    • BP: decrsd
    • temp: dcrsd
    • resp: decreased
  9. Salicylates s/s
    mental status:
    Temp
    Resp
    GI
    • mental status: lethargy, convulsions
    • Temp: increased
    • Resp: increased
    • Gi: vomiting
  10. Theophyline s/s:
    Mental status
    HR
    BP
    Resp:
    GI
    • Mental status: agitation tremor, convulsions
    • HR: incrsd
    • BP: dcrsd
    • Resp: increased
    • GI: vomiting
  11. When (time frame) give charcoal?

    What is poorly absorbed by activated charcoal?
    within 1 hour

    • Common electrolytes
    • Iron
    • Mineral acids or bases
    • Alcohols
    • Cyanide
    • most solvents
    • most water-insoluble compounds (ie hydrocarbons)
  12. Tricyclic antidepressants antidote
    sodium bicarb
  13. antidote for cyanide
    Sodium nitrate/ sodium thiosulfate or hydroxycobalamin
  14. antidote for cholinesterase inhibitors
    atropine and pralidoximine
  15. Iron antidote
    Deferoxamine
  16. Ethanol antidote
    dextrose
  17. oral hypoglycemics antidote
    dextrose
  18. salicylates antidote
    dextrose
  19. methemoglobinemic agents
    methylene blue
  20. carbon monoxide antidote
    oxygen
  21. benzodiazepine antidote
    flumazenil
  22. Isoniazide and gyromitra mushrooms antidote
    pyridoxine
  23. digoxin antidote
    digoxin immune Fab
  24. opiod antidote
    naloxone
  25. methanol/ethylene glycol antidote
    • fomepizole
    • dialysis
    • ethanol
  26. acetaminphen antidote
    N-acetylcysteine IV 150mg/kg over 1 hr then 125mg/kh/hr for 4hr
  27. Calcium Channel blockers antidote
    • calcium chloride 10% 10ml adult, 0.2ml/kg iv
    • calcium gluconate 10% 30ml adult, 0.6ml/kg
  28. sulfonylureas antidote
    octreotide
  29. tricyclic antidepressants antidote
    sodium bicarb 1-2mEq/kg IV
  30. warfarin antidote
    Vitamin K
  31. When to do dialysis for poisoning? (7) 
    • lithium
    • ethylene gylcol
    • methanol
    • salicylates
    • phenobarbital
    • theophyline
    • paraquat

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