MedTerm.GI

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Author:
rswartout
ID:
163555
Filename:
MedTerm.GI
Updated:
2012-07-23 01:36:15
Tags:
GI system medical terminology
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Description:
GI system - medical terminology
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  1. celi/o
    abdomin
  2. lapar/o
    abdomin
  3. an/o
    anus
  4. bil/i
    bile
  5. chol/e
    bile
  6. bucc/o
    cheek
  7. cheil/o
    lip
  8. cyst/o
    bladder or sack
  9. dent/i
    teeth
  10. doch/o
    duct
  11. duoden/o
    duedenum
  12. enter/o
    small intestine
  13. gastr/o
    stomach (the organ)
  14. gloss/o
    tongue
  15. lingu/o
    toungue
  16. hepat/o hepatic/o
    liver
  17. herni/o
    hernia
  18. ile/o
    ileum
  19. inguin/o
    groin
  20. jejun/o
    jejunom (empty)
  21. lith/o
    stone
  22. or/o
    mouth
  23. stomat/o
    mouth
  24. phag/o
    eat or swallow
  25. proct/o
    anus and rectum
  26. pylor/o
    pylorus (gatekeeper)
  27. rect/o
    rectum
  28. sial/o
    saliva
  29. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid color (looks like an S)
  30. steat/o
    fat
  31. -emesis
    vomiting
  32. pharynx
    throat
  33. esophagus
    muscular tube that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach
  34. cardiac sphincter
    opening from esophagus to the stomach
  35. pyloric sphincter
    opening from stomach to duodenum
  36. duodenum
    first portion of the small intestine
  37. jejunum
    second part of the small intestine
  38. ileum
    third portion of the small intestine
  39. cecum
    first part of the large intestine
  40. sigmoid colon
    portion of the large intestine that ends at the rectum
  41. rectum
    end of the large intestine
  42. rectal ampulla
    dilated portion og the rectum just above the anal canal
  43. peritoneum
    membrane surrounding the entire abdominal cavity
  44. peritoneal cavity
    the potential space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum
  45. omentum
    a covering; an extension of the peritoneum that connects the stomach with other abdominal organs
  46. liver
    organ in the upper right quadrant that produces bile which is secreted into the duodenum during digestion
  47. gallbladder
    recepticle hat stores and concentrates bile produced in the liver
  48. biliary ducts
    ducts that concey bile, incliding hepatic, cyctic and common bile ducts
  49. anorexia
    loss of appetite
  50. aphagia
    inability to swallow
  51. ascites
    accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
  52. buccal
    in the cheeck
  53. dyspepsia
    indigestion
  54. eructation
    belch
  55. chezo
    deficate
  56. hematochezia
    red blood in stool
  57. hematemesis
    throwing up blood
  58. jaundice  
    icterus - yellow discoloration of the skin and sclera and other tissues due to excessive bilirubin
  59. melena
    dark-colored tarry stool caused by old blood
  60. steatorrhea
    fat in the feces
  61. hypoglossal
    sublingual
  62. parotitis
    mumps - inflammation of the partoid gland
  63. GERD
    gasteroesophegeal reflux disease
  64. pyloric stenosis
    narrowing condition of the pylorus
  65. PUD
    peptic ulcer diease
  66. colon
    large intestine
  67. diverticulum
    a by-way, an abnormal side pocket in the GI tract usually related to a lack of dietary fiber
  68. diverticulosis
    presence of diverticula in the GI tract, especially in the bowel
  69. diverticulitis
    inflammation of the diverticula
  70. dysentery
    inflammation of the intestine characterized by frequent bloody stools, most often caused by bacteria or protozoa
  71. hiatal hernia
    protrusion of the stomach through the hiatal opening in the diaphram
  72. inguinal hernia
    protrusion of a loop of intestine through layers of the abdominal wall in the inguinal region
  73. incarcerated hernia
    hernia contained within a sac
  74. strangulated hernia
    hernia that is constricted, cut off from blood supply and likely to become gangrenous
  75. umbilical hernia
    protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall surrounding the naval
  76. intussusception
    prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the adjoining part
  77. volvulus
    twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction
  78. polyposis
    multiple polyps in the intestine and rectum with a high malignancy potential
  79. proctitis
    inflammation of the rectum and anus
  80. cirrhosis
    chronic disease characterized by degeneration of liver tissue, most often caused by alcoholism or nutritional defency
  81. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  82. cholelithiasis
    presence of gallstones
  83. choledocholithiasis
    stones in the common bile duct
  84. laparoscopy
    looking within the abdomin
  85. stool occult blood study
    trying to look for any hidden blood in the stool
  86. hernirrhaphy
    hernia repair
  87. gastric resection
    partial removal and repair of the stomach
  88. gloddorrhaphy
    suture of the tongue
  89. anastomosis
    unuion of two hollow vessels; used in bowel surgery
  90. -stomy
    creating of an opening that will remain open for a period of time after the surgery is done

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