urinary system

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urinary system
2012-07-23 16:28:11
urinary system

urinary system
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  1. kidneys
    filter blood and form urine
  2. cortex
    outer part of the kidney
  3. hilum
    indented opening in the kidney where vessels enter and leave
  4. medulla
    inner part of the kidney
  5. calyces
    system of ducts carrying urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis
  6. nephron
    microscopic functional units of the kidney, capable of forming urine
  7. glomerlus
    cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron
  8. Bowman's capsule
    top part of the nephron that encloses the glomerulus
  9. renal tubule
    stem portion of the nephron
  10. ureter
    tube that caries urine to the bladder
  11. renal pelvis
    basin-like portion of the ureter within the kidney
  12. ureteropelvic junction
    point of connection between the renal pelvis and ureter
  13. urinary bladder
    sac that holds the urine
  14. urethra
    single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body
  15. urea
    waste product filtered out of the blood by kidneys
  16. creatinine
    waste product of muscle metabolism filtered out of the blood by kidneys
  17. albuminuria
    presence of albumin in the urine
  18. anuria
    absence of urine formation
  19. bacteriuria
    bacteria in the urine
  20. dysuria
    painful urination
  21. enuresis
    to void urine
  22. nocturnal enuresis
    wetting the bed during sleep
  23. hematuria
    blood in the urine
  24. glucosuria
    sugar in the urine
  25. incontinence
    involuntary discharge of urine or feceses
  26. stress urinary incontinence (SUI)
    involuntary discharge of ruine at the time of cough, sneeze, or strained exercise
  27. ketonuria
    presence of ketone bodies in the urine
  28. nocturia
    urination at night
  29. oliguria
    low production of urine
  30. polyuria
    excessive urine
  31. pyuria
    white cells in the urine, indicating infection
  32. urinary retention
    not being able to urine normally from obstruction
  33. adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD)
    multiple cysts that form in the kidney, leading to renal failure
  34. glomerulonephritis
    nephritis involving the glomerulus
  35. hydronephrosis
    dilation of urine in the renal pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys
  36. nephritis
    inflammation of the kidney
  37. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis
  38. nephrosis
    degenerative disease of the renal tubules
  39. nephrolithiasis
    presence of renal stones caused by mineral buildup in the kidneys
  40. cystisis
    inflammation of the bladder
  41. urethritis
    inflammation of the urethra
  42. urethrocystitis
    inflammation of the urethra and bladder
  43. urethral stenosis
    narrowed condition of the urethra
  44. urinary tract infection (UTI)
    invation of bacteria in the structures of the urinary tract
  45. uremia
    excess of urea and waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure
  46. cystometrogram
    record that measures urinary volume, and bladder pressure
  47. cystoscopy
    examination of the bladder using a cystoscope
  48. abdominal sonogram
    ultrasound image of the urinary tract including the kidney, ureters, and bladder
  49. urinalysis (UA)
    physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
  50. intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
    intravenous urogram
    x-rays of the urinary tract taken after iodine is injected into the bloodstream that reveales obstruction
  51. kidney, ureter, bladder (KUB)
    abdominal x-ray of kidney, ureter, and bladder used as a scout film before doing an IVP
  52. scout film
    plain x-ray taken to detect any diseases before further imaging
  53. renal angiogram (arteriogram)
    x-ray of the renal artery made after injecting contrast material into a catheter in the artery
  54. retrograde pyelogram (RP)
    x-ray of the upper urinary tract after contrast medium is injected up to the kidney
  55. voiding (urinating ) cystourethrogram
    x-ray of the bladder and urethra taken during urination
  56. specific grafity (SpGr)
    measure of the kidney's ability to concentrate or dilute urine
  57. pH
    mreasure of the acidity of urine
  58. occult blood, urine
    test used to detect hidden blood in the urine
  59. bilirubin
    test used to detect bilirubin in the urine
  60. urobilinogen
    test used to detect bile pigment in the urine
  61. nitrate
    test used to detect bacteria in the urine
  62. blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
    blood test to determine the level of urea in the blood
  63. creatinine, serum
    test to determine the level of creatinine in the blood
  64. creatinine, urine
    test to determine the level of creatinine in the urine
  65. creatinine clearance testing
    measurements of the level of creatinine in the blood and a 24 hour urine specimen to determine the rate that creatinine is cleared from the blood
  66. nephrotomy
    incision into the kidney
  67. nephrorrhaphy
    suture of an injured kidney
  68. nephrolithotomy
    incision into the kidney for the removal of stones
  69. nephrectomy
    excision of a kidney
  70. pyeloplasty
    surigcal reconstruction of the renal pelvis
  71. stend placement
    use of a device to hold open vessels or tubes
  72. urinary diversion
    providing a new passage through which urine exits the body
  73. extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
    using ultrasound to penetrate the body from outside and disintegrate a stone within
  74. kidney dialysis
    methods of filtering impurities from the blood
  75. diuretic
    drug that increases the secretion of urine