Driver's Ed

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Author:
ECCammi
ID:
163795
Filename:
Driver's Ed
Updated:
2012-07-26 18:12:18
Tags:
Swervism parking SMMOG Safety
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Description:
Information in driver's Ed
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  1. How much does it cost to park in the handicap spot if you are not permitted to?
    $250.00
  2. How far do you have to be from a fire hydrant to park?
    15 feet
  3. What is the ONLY hill-parking situation where you need to park with your wheels pointed toward the street?
    When you're facing uphill next to a hard curb.
  4. How far do you have to be to STOP sign, YIELD sign or traffic signal to park?
    30 feet
  5. What does red paint on a curb mean?
    Don't leave your car there even for a moment, it's a tow away zone.
  6. How far do you have to be from a railroad crossing to park?
    50 feet
  7. How far do you have to be from the driveway of a fire station?
    20 feet
  8. What is the cross-hatchingg nex to a disabled parking space for?
    It makes roo for a vehicle to let down its wheelchair ramp so the driver can get out
  9. What's the only kind of parking you need to preform on the Washington state driving test?
    Parallel parking
  10. What are the two things white paint on  curbs could mean?
    It's either a space for police cars or a space that's only for loading and unloading. Either way, you can't leave your car there?
  11. You can't drive within, over, or across the median of a divided highway. Is the median always made of grass or concrete?
    No, sometimes it's just a painted yellow stripe at least 18 inches wide
  12. Your high beams can blind the driver of an oncoming car. When should you dim them?
    When the car is five hundred feet away.
  13. How can you tell if you have a protected turn?
    There will be a green arrow
  14. What's the most common cause of crashes?
    Drivers not paying attention
  15. Is it always legal to pass slow cars on two-lane, two way roads?
    Only when you have a dashed yellow line. NO solid yellow line, a clear view and enough time to get safely back into your lane.
  16. On ocean beaches where driving is legal, how fast can you legally go?
    25mph (same as neighborhood street)
  17. If you're caught driving with 2 passengers not wearing their seat-belts, one 15 years old and the other 16 years old. Who to you have to pay the fine for?
    You have to pay for the 15 year old, the 16 year old pays for himself.
  18. How much is the fine for not using snow chains when they're required
    $500
  19. What's the safest way to travel with an infant?
    Strap them in a car-seat in the back seat, facing out the rear window (Also the only legal way to travel with an infant.
  20. Why do you wnat to leave lots of space in front when you're following a motorcycle?
    If the motorcycle falls, you might need extra time not to hit him.
  21. If you're approaching an intersection where a pedestrian has one foot in a crosswalk, can you keep going?
    You have to stop when the pedestrian is "within one lane of your half of the roadway" and that means even if just his foot is in your half of the roadway you have to stop
  22. What's the closest you can get to an emergency vehicle in front of you?
    500feet
  23. How many bicyclists are killed or injured annually?
    More than 39,000
  24. A school bus is stopped on a three-lane street with its red lights on an its STOP sign out. You are traveling toward it on the opposite side of the street which has no median or any sort of barrier. Do you need to stop?
    No, you don't because the street has three lanes and the law says that this is one of the cases where stopping is not necessary
  25. You know that motorcycles are harder to see than cars and that they can move very fast: what's another thing to remember about them?
    They're less stable than cars because they only have 2 wheels
  26. On multiple lane highways who should stay in the far right lane?
    The slowest moving traffic
  27. Is it legal to drive in the bicycle lane if you have a very small vehicle?
    No. Bikes only.
  28. Why does it matter to drivers that deer are pack animals?
    Because if you see one you'll probably see another.
  29. Do drivers have to stop for bicycles in crosswalks?
    Bicycles are treated the same as pedestrians in a crosswalk. Stop if they are within one lane of the traffic dividing (yellow) line
  30. When merging or changing lanes, how big of a gap do you need between you and the vehicles traveling in the lane you're entering
    4 seconds- that's one more than the 3 second gap you keep when you're following other vehicles
  31. If you're driving along and THIS happens, you should shift to neutral
    Accelerator sticks
  32. Why should you adjust your mirrors properly?
    Get rid of blind spots
  33. The process of looking ahead, to the left and to the right of your car is called what?
    Scanning
  34. Two signs that a green light is stale are that the pedestrian DON'T WALK sign is red and the light has been green as long as you've seen it; what's a third sign?
    You're behind a long line of cars
  35. What manevur are you doing when your right arm is over the back of your seta and you're turned around so you can look directly out the rear window
    Backing up
  36. When you're making a normal left turn (not protected) what's the last thing you should make sure of?
    No oncoming traffic
  37. At a railroad crossing you've slowed down to see up and down the tracks, you've made sure there's room on the other side so you won't have to stop on the tracks, but you can't quite be sure there's no train coming... what's one last safety measure
    Turn down the radio, roll down the window and listen
  38. Before you change lanes, you absolutely have to signal, do an over the shoulder peek and
    Check your mirrors
  39. If you're one of those people who slows down to look at a crash, you're risking getting in a collision yourself, failing to see a car ahead that has ALSO slowed and potentially causing what other general problem?
    Traffic congestion
  40. What is that stuff that starts to impact your abilities almost from the moment you swallow it?
    Alcohol
  41. If a collision results in a fatality, what are the chances that one of the drivers had been using alcohol
    40%
  42. If it's someone's very first charge of impaired driving what's the maximum possible fine?
    Five thousand dollars plus court costs
  43. The name of the tests that police are authorized to give when they suspect that a driver has been drinking are known collectively as
    Field sobriety tests
  44. what's the very first thign that happens when alcohol gets into your body?
    Your judgement and reason are impaired
  45. If a driver refuses to take a field sobriety test he automatically loses his license for how long
    One year
  46. What's the most common behavior of drivers who are high on pot?
    driving slower than the posted speed limit
  47. What's the most common behavior of drivers who are intoxicated with alcohol?
    They speed and drive aggressively
  48. Can drivers be charged with impairment for driving under the influence of over-the-counter medications?
    Yes. This is one reason why some cold medications carry warnings not to operate heavy equipment
  49. If you've been in a crash that involves another driver, you must exchange contact info and
    The number on your insurance policy
  50. Does an IDL license allow you to drive with family members under 20
    yes but not friends
  51. Are there fines for violating IDL rules?
    No violating IDL rules does not carry a fine
  52. Do 18 year olds get IDL license?
    NO only 16 and 17 year olds
  53. The amount of property liablity insurance that all Washington drivers must carry proof of is
    $10,000 for any one collision
  54. The amound of personal injury or death liability that all Washington drivers must carry proof of is
    $25,000 for one person, $50,000 for two persons
  55. If you're in a collions that results in an injury, death or more than $700 in property damage you must
    Report it to the police within 4 days
  56. If you move, how lond do you have to notify the DOL of your new address?
    10 days
  57. How can you remember when your license expires?
    It's always on your birthday
  58. What are those things you have to have stuck to your rear license plate?
    Motor vehicle tabs
  59. When you see a flashing red light you should treat it as a
    Stop sign
  60. How far ahead of a turn do you put on your signal?
    At least 100 feet
  61. As you approach uncontrolled intersections you have to scan, cover the brake, yield to cars already in the intersection and (sometimes) yield to what other drivers?
    You also yield to oncoming drivers if you're turning left.
  62. When you're entering a roundabout, who do you have to yield to?
    Drivers already in the roundabout
  63. An uncontrolled intersection has neither traffic signs nor traffic
    signals
  64. In case cars arrive at the same time who should go first at  a 4-way stop
    The driver to the right has the right of way
  65. Do you have to stop if you're approaching a traffic signal and it turns yellow
    If you can do so safely yes
  66. Is there ever a time at a signaled intersection when you're turning left that youdon't have to wait for oncoming traffic?
    If you have a green arrow signifying a protected turn, you don't have to wait
  67. Is it legal to turn right on a red light in Washington
    Yes if you stop first and make sure it's clear, as long as there is no sign forbidding it.
  68. Is it legal to change lanes in the middle of an intersection?
    No, and it's stupid too.
  69. When driving always use this to calm mom down
    Commentary
  70. In sideview mirrors you should see
    • Sliver of the car
    • Rear door handle
  71. I check my mirror adjustment everytime I get behind the wheel
    SWERVISM
  72. SMMOG
    • Use whenever you make a lateral move or turn
    • Say it out loud as you signal
  73. Foot 2 brake Eye 2 mirror
    SWERVISM
  74. High aim vision is
    Looking high on the windsheild and far ahead in traffic
  75. High aim vision=time to react
    SWERVISM
  76. If I say it I see it
    SWERVISM
  77. There's no accidents, they are wrecks, collisions or crashes
    SWERVISM
  78. Drive nice, it's contagious
    SWERVISM
  79. Quick walk around/inspection
    • Check for problems
    • Things in the way
    • Leaks
    • ETC
  80. In the car
    • Don't slouch
    • Adjust seat
    • wheel at 9 and 3
  81. Wear seatbelt
    • Shoulder belt across chest
    • Lap across hips, not stomach
    • Click and cinch
  82. Key ignition
    • Lock-take out key/ put back in
    • Accessory-Use battery
    • On-Where key is while driving
    • Start-Starts engine
  83. Left arm straight out window
    Signal for turning left
  84. Left arm out window bent at 90o
    Signal for turning right
  85. Left arm out window angled downwards
    Slow/stop
  86. Signal lights
    • Down=left
    • Up=right
  87. Engine on
    Lights on
  88. Pedals
    • Right heel on floor
    • Pivot between pedals
    • Ball of foot at bottom of pedal
    • Curl toes adn ease off
    • No stomping
  89. Six steps of starting the car
    • 1. Shut and lock door
    • 2. Key in ignition
    • 3. Turn off cell phone
    • 4. Adjust seat
    • 5. Adjust mirrors
    • 6. Click and cinch
  90. LICAM
    • Lock
    • Ignition
    • Cellphone
    • Adjust
    • Mirror
    • Seatbelt
  91. Creeping
    Gear in drive, ease off brake and the car will creep
  92. Proper braking
    Right foot, don't rest on brake. Anticipate problems, cover brake, squeeze down and ease off
  93. Once a month check
    • Insurance
    • Tire pressure
    • Basically everything
  94. 360 check
    • To make sure nothing is in your way
    • Sit in car and check all the way around you
  95. Being suprised is dangerous
    Be aware adn utilize SMMOG
  96. SMMOG
    • Signal
    • Mirror
    • Mirror
    • Over the shoulder
    • Go
  97. Signaling
    • Signal intent
    • 100ft (5-6 sec)
  98. Mirror Mirror
    • Check rear view mirror
    • Check side mirror of intended direction
  99. Over the shoulder look
    • Check for a gap
    • Identify any risks
  100. Entering traffic
    • 360 check
    • SMMOG
    • Ease foot off brake
    • Smoothly squeeze accelerator
    • Look where you go
  101. Before ever moving your car: DO A FULL 360 CHECK.
    SWERVISM
  102. Scan and say clear if clear when you approach a
    • Drivway
    • Intersection
    • ETC
  103. Parking lot scan: Look for
    • People
    • Cars using back up lights
    • Go 10mph or slower
  104. When stopping
    Foot to brake and eye to mirror
  105. Reference points
    A tool to help you tell where the edges of your car are
  106. A car should be how many inches from the stop line?
    6-8
  107. Smooth stops
    • Like a bike
    • Slow early
    • Pedal pressure depends on weight, brakes adn road condition
    • Check your mirrors
  108. Legal stops/ safety checks
    • Approach stop line while scanning
    • Make legal stop
    • If you can't see a full block, creep forward while scanning.
    • Before you commit to going be sure you can get up to speed with everyone else
  109. Legal. Stop. Every. Time.
    SWERVISM
  110. Where is the legal stop
    • Before stop line
    • Line up with reference points
    • Stop fully then creep for a better view
    • If there's no marker stop before the road.
  111. How far from the curb should you be to park
    • 12 inches or less
    • Use reference points
  112. Everytime the signal goes on, it's a full SMMOG
    SWERVISM
  113. Lead with your eyes and your hands will follow
    SWERVISM
  114. Learn to look
    • Improve eyesight/ awareness
    • Vechicle will go where you look
  115. You should look
    • For an open path
    • Away from the obstacle
  116. How to turn
    • SMMO
    • Look where you want to go
    • Adjust speed, slowing before the corner
    • Coast and pivot
  117. WHen to turn
    Start when your bumper is line up with the start of the intersection.
  118. Should I be driving?
    SWERVISM
  119. Steering in reverse
    • 1. Look where you want to go
    • 2. Point
    • 3. Turn where you're pointing
  120. I never move my car unless I am looking the direction I intend to go
    SWERVISM
  121. 1.Pivot Body
    2.Full 360 check
    3. Focus out the rear window
    4. Steering technique
    SWERVISM
  122. Park and secure
    • 1.Set parking brake (first thing on and first thing off)
    • 2. Shift to park
    • 3. Radio off and windows up
    • 4. Lights and engine off
    • 5. Remove key and belt
    • 6. Exit and lock car
  123. Void area
    • The area around your car that you can't see
    • Eyes to ground
  124. When driving on the street be aware of
    • Parked cars
    • Pets, kids/people
    • Pot holes
  125. Lanes
    • Average is 12 feet long
    • There are 3 lane positions
  126. What is the best lane position right now
    SWERVISM
  127. To stay center
    • Look where you want to go
    • Line up left knee with center reference point on the road
    • Look way ahead
    • Look through top half of windowsheild (height of street sign)
  128. How far is 12-15 seconds
    • 1mph-1.5 feet
    • 30mph=45 feet per second
    • 675 feet you should be looking ahead
  129. Count 12-15 elephants to check your visual lead time. Aim high
    SWERVISM
  130. Looking through curves
    • Look for a high reference
    • Slow before turn
  131. Lead with your eyes
    SWERVISM
  132. It's harder to turn if
    • Faster
    • Heavier
    • Sharper curve
  133. Turns
    Adjust lane position before you get to the corner to communitcate intent and promote traffic flow
  134. Perpendicular parking: What goes wrong
    • SMMOG
    • Wrong distance
    • Aim
    • Speed
  135. Mid-block U-turn
    • Do it when
    • Legal
    • Enough room
    • SMMOG and pull into parking lane
    • Don't do it when
    • Forbidden
    • Interferring
  136. 3 point turn
    • 1.Smmog
    • 2.360 check
    • 3. Crank wheel
    • 4. Gently accelerate
    • 5. Put in reverse
    • 6. 360 check
    • 7. Turn around look behind you
    • 8. Go then stop
    • 9. Put in drive
    • 10. Check in front of you
    • Check all visual zones
    • SMMOG right then pull all the way to the right curb and stop.
    • SMMOG left
    • Wait for gap in traffic big enough
  137. ABS
    Anti-lock braking system
  138. Threshold braking
    Braking at the last point...
  139. ABS brakes instructions
    • Stand on brake
    • Sensors can tell if tires skid
  140. Ablitiy to Brake and Steer= ABS
    SWERVISM
  141. Stomp, stay, steer
    SWERVISM
  142. Stopping distance
    • Amount of time to reckognize problem and stop
    • Need 3 things
    • 1. Perception distance
    • 2.Reaction distance
    • 3. Braking distance
  143. Our bubble
    • Area around our car
    • Give youself a lot of room in front 3-4 second distance
  144. Saying elephant takes 1 second! Get in the habit of counting elephants
    SWERVISM
  145. Dealing with tailgaters
    • If under speed limit go up 2 mph
    • If at / above speed limit create more room in front
  146. Life skills
    • Survival: Listen, follow directions
    • Interpersonal: Sharing
    • Problem solving: Decide what to do, taking responsiblity
    • Conflict resolution: Dealing with teasing, losing, accusations, peer pressure
  147. Social vs. sociable
    • Social: Done in the company of others rather than alone
    • Sociable: Speaking, interacting, friendly and/or agreeable
  148. Communication
    • Converse with:
    • Turn signals
    • Eye contact
    • Horn
    • Tail-lights, brake lights
    • Waves, smiles, shrugs, headshakes
    • Lane position
    • Avoid aggression
  149. Scanning
    • Scan: Sweep your vision back adn forth
    • When you approach an intersection
    • From a stop
  150. Making a scanning habit
    Pay attention and yield
  151. Yielding Do's
    • Wait your turn
    • Slow down when necessary
    • Scan
    • Cover brake
    • Stop if necessary
    • Quick check
  152. Failure to yield
    • Causing other to change speed
    • Going when it's not your turn
  153. Over yielding
    Causes confusion
  154. Crosswalk rules
    Whether marked or not pedestrians and bicyclists have right of way
  155. When pulling to the curb
    Make a full SMMOG
  156. Intersection
    • Uncontrolled:
    • Driveways, neighborhoods
    • No stop/yied signs,
    • Constant scans
    • First come first serve
  157. Traffic circle
    SLow down
  158. Typical intersection
    Yield to the right
  159. Round about
    Yield to the left
  160. School bus
    • Stop when sign is out
    • 2 acceptions:
    • 1. Other side, 3 marked lanes inbetween you and the bus. You must being facing the bus for this example
    • 2. Bus is on the other side of a median any way you face it
  161. Emergency vehicles
    • SMMOG
    • Pull over to right if possible
    • Stop even if you have a green light
    • They travel in packs
    • Re-enter after SMMOG
  162. Red=
    Forbidden, prohibited
  163. Don't go if you're not sure
    SWERVISM
  164. 2-way stop
    • 1. Legal stop
    • 2. Pull up to a safety check
    • 3. scan
  165. 4 way stop
    • 1. First come=first to go
    • 2. Scan
    • 3. Yield appropriately
  166. Backing around a corner
    • 1. 18 inches from curb
    • 2. Go slow
    • 3. Know when to stop
  167. Traffic signals
    • Don't always wait for green
    • (Always stop at red)
    • Can turn right on red
    • Even with green, scan
    • Flashing red=stop sign
    • Right on red differ depending on where you are
  168. Stale green light
    Green light about to turn yellow
  169. Green light isn't a guarantee
    SWERVISIM
  170. Yellow light
    • Stop if safe
    • Keep going if it's not safe to stop
  171. Turning left
    • Being in left lane
    • Signal
    • SMMOG
    • Scan
    • Look ahead
    • Yield to oncoming traffic
    • Watch out for red light
  172. Know you can clear an intersection before you enter it
    SWERVISM
  173. Angle parking
    • Approach spot
    • See line
    • Turn
    • Use reference points
  174. Parking uphil! Got a curb! Wheels point toward the street!
    SWERVISM
  175. Speeds
    • 20 in school zones
    • 25 in cities and streets
  176. Speed bump
    • Slow before
    • Foot to brake eye to mirror
    • Ease off brake
  177. WHen conditions change so does your driving
    SWERVISM
  178. Lane changing
    • Gap check
    • SMMOG
    • Maintain speed as traffic
    • Steady hands
    • When safe, smoothly move into gap with extra checks
    • If no gap, signal, ease over, legally you can't cross the line unless someone lets you.
  179. Double dotted lanes
    Only lanes (only turn right, left, etc.)
  180. Lane dividers are
    White
  181. Traffic dividers are
    Yellow
  182. Red
    High danger
  183. Orange
    Serious hazard
  184. Yellow/neon green
    Caution advised
  185. Top 7 work zone rules
    • 1. Obey flagger
    • 2. Calm down
    • 3. Merge pronto
    • 4. DOn't speed
    • 5. Don't tail gate
    • 6. Keep away from workers
    • 7. Remember the work zone can be mobile. Maintain caution.
  186. If in the wrong lane
    Make safe turn and turn around
  187. Unprotected left turn
    A left turn that has no green arrow.
  188. How to do an unprotected left turn
    • Wait for oncoming traffic
    • Stay out of intersection until you get a gap.
  189. Turn bay lane
    A short lane added so people can wait to turn
  190. When turning a corner stay in your lane
    SWERVISM
  191. Regular buses
    • Stops are within lanes
    • They have big turns
    • They don't have school lights
  192. When the bus's turn signal is on
    Drivers must yield
  193. If you can't see the mirrors on a big vehicle
    They can't see you
  194. You may have right of way but the larger vehicles have right of weight
    SWERVISM
  195. Motorcycles
    • Be hyper aware
    • They use the entire lane and you should give them extra space
    • Wait until you know their intention
    • They are easy to tailgate so utilize reference points
  196. Deductible
    Out of pocket exspense for crashes you caused
  197. Higher premiums=
    Lower decductible
  198. Lower deductible=
    Higher premiums
  199. Types of insurance
    • Liability
    • Un-insured/underinsured
    • Collision
    • Comprehensive
    • Medical
  200. Liability insurance
    Covers innocent person
  201. Un-insured/ underinsured motorists
    People who have such miniumal insurance they can't necessarily cover damages when they should
  202. Collision
    Two cars crash into each other
  203. Comprehensive
    Covers everything
  204. Medical
    Covers medical costs
  205. Reglatory sign
    Usually red, a sign that regulates your movement
  206. Drivers must have
    Liablity insurance to cover the damage done to the other person's car.
  207. How many intersection crashes per year?
    2.7 million
  208. If the lights at an intersection aren't working
    • Treat it like a four way stop
    • 1st come is 1st served
    • Person on right has right of way
  209. Angle parking
    • Make sure you have time to turn your wheels
    • Be sure you can see down the line
  210. Backing up
    • Remember
    • 1.Pivot in seat
    • 2.Palm the wheel
    • 3. Point where you want to go
  211. Emergency vehicles
    Be 500 feet away
  212. It is legal to turn left on a red light when
    You're on a two way street onto a one way street, but not the other way around.
  213. Yielding is
    • When you allow others to continue in their speed/directions.
    • Wait your turn
  214. Leave 1 car length per
    10 mph that you're going
  215. Drivers make
    50 decisions per mile
  216. 40% of all fatal crashes involve
    Alchol
  217. It takes alchol
    20 minutes to take effect
  218. Implied consent
    When you allow them to test you or they can just take your license.
  219. Blood alcohol content limits
    • 21+: .08
    • >21: .02
  220. Carbon monoxide can build up in
    • Garages
    • Tunnels
    • Underground
    • Traffic jams
    • Because of blocked tailpipes
  221. Don't drive when
    • Intoxicated
    • WIth any sort of alcohol in the car
    • With rear window down
    • When you're sleepy, medicated, sick etc.
  222. Potholes
    • Treat like speed bumps
    • Can damage the wheels when not properly inflated
    • Should be avoided whenever possible
  223. Urban driving
    • Less stress, but you need to learn to predict
    • People make mistakes
    • Don't take any of it personally
  224. What percent of collsions occur in intersections?
    27%
  225. Before entering intersections
    • Do a scan
    • Do extra checks for anything you didn't initally see
  226. Two way left turn lanes
    • Specially marked
    • Double left arrow
    • Soild and dashed yellow lines.
  227. When in two way left turn lanes DO
    • Be parellel
    • Watch for oncoming traffic
    • Travel 300 feet or less
  228. When in two way left turn lanes DON'T
    • Use it to pass someone
    • Travel more than 300feet
  229. When you can not see a passed vehicle
    • Move over in your lane to look
    • Assume something is ahead of you
  230. If you get stuck
    Yield and wait it out
  231. Watch for pedestrians
    Think of all the idiots you know, they are allowed to walk.
  232. In heavy rain USE
    • Wipers
    • Low beams
    • Slower speeds
  233. In heavy rain WATCH OUR FOR
    • Ground fog
    • Shorter visual horizon
    • Poor traction
  234. In heavy rain AVOID
    • Foggy windows
    • Splashes
    • Coasting (ha, haha, hahaha)
  235. Driving is multitasking
    • You must use a lot of skills
    • Don't drive if you're under pressure, or emotional.
    • Use deep breathes and if they don't work don't drive.
  236. On train tracks
    Never stop
  237. Read other cars and their drivers
    • What does it tell you?
    • Are they distracted?
  238. In extreme situations
    • Leave extra room
    • Stay alert
    • Report it when safe to do so.
  239. Parking in the city be aware of
    • Drivers open doors
    • Quick lane changing
    • TOo many cars
    • Pedestrians everywhere
    • Entering/exiting garages
  240. Parallel parking
    • 1. SMMOG right and line up 3 feet away
    • 2. Right 360 check and line up eith rear bumpers, find and center target
    • 3. Get both rear corners inside space
    • 4. Turn left then center yourself if needed
    • The target should be 5-6 feet to the right of the back car
  241. Whit curb:
    S F D vehicles, police dept. passenger load/unload only
  242. Yellow curb
    30 min. parking max
  243. Red curb
    No parking
  244. Grid lock
    Biggest contributing factor: entering traffic before there's enough room
  245. At night
    • Your eyes need to adapt
    • Lit objects appear closer
    • You can only see about 350ft ahead
    • Use headlights/low beams constantly
    • Maintain a bigger bubble
  246. Black ice
    • Is a super thin layer of ice that takes on the color of the road. They are found in:
    • Bridges
    • Overpasses
    • Always check your car for ice and leave extra room
  247. Traction
    Measurement of how well your tires grip the road surface
  248. Contact patch
    Ovalish shape of the part of tire that's touching the road
  249. When there's poor traction/ bad weather
    • Use wipers, lowbeams
    • Be extra slow
    • Don't use high beams, allow windows to fog or splash
  250. What's the white line on the side of the road
    That's the fog line
  251. What should be the following distance in snow/ice
    3x-4x the following distance, 15 elephants
  252. One way streets
    Fits more cars in same amount of space with less collisions
  253. If you're going the wrong way
    • Avoid head on collisions
    • If there's nowhere to go sound horn and flash lights
    • Over all stay calm.
  254. On ramps
    Can be easy or hard to use
  255. Add on:
    You have your own lane to enter traffic
  256. Merging onto the freeway
    • Other cars must merge onto the freeway without their own lane
    • The merging car must always yield
  257. You should use what vision on freeways?
    High aim vision
  258. Gore point
    Point identifying the end of the area that you can not merge onto
  259. Merging is
    • Is all about timing
    • Imagine you're a zipper or gears in a machine.
  260. To merge you must
    • 1. Look ahead to merging area
    • 2. Check the speed of traffic and change speed accordingly
    • 3. Look for a gap with SMMOG
    • 4. Adjust your speed to match the traffic while checking the mirrors
    • 5. After you're in the gap cancel your signal
    • 6. Check your mirrors
  261. Coming on the freeway from the left
    Is harder and more dangerous
  262. Free way lane changes are just like surface streets but faster:
    • 1. find a gap
    • 2. Smmog
    • 3. Keep checking in all directions
    • 4. Adjust your speed
    • 5. Move into gap slowly with extra shoulder check
    • 6. cancel signal
  263. If you need to change lanes but no one lets you
    Just keep going where you're going, even if you must exit or go somewhere you don't want to. Don't force anythign
  264. Merging from different speeds
    If you're going too slow, than slow down even more to create extra room. Then speed up!! You don't have to move the wheel too much to do this.
  265. Lane etiquette
    • Left lane=fast lane
    • Right lane= Slow lane
  266. If you're in the carpool lane
    •  You should have enough people in your car
    • You shouldn't go slow.
  267. Weave lanes
    Traffic weaves in and out of the freeway
  268. Subtle speed control
    • Use your toes
    • It's safer
  269. Interchange
    The freeway version of an intersection
  270. Which ways do interstates go?
    • Even interstates go East-West
    • Odd interstates go North to South
  271. Which ways do streets, avenues, and ways go?
    • Street: East to West
    • Avenue: North to South
    • Ways: Diagnol
  272. Overdriving vision
    Bring speed down for what you can see and look way ahead
  273. Don't ignore the exit ramp's
    Speed limit!
  274. Velocitation
    Becoming so used to a speed that you start to misjudge other speeds
  275. Be aware of velocitation. It can make you drive faster than you intend
    SWERVISM
  276. Back roads are
    More dangerous
  277. Vehicles want to go straight
    The faster you go the sharper your turns the harder the curve will be
  278. If you use all of your traction to brake then
    There's nothing left for turning.
  279. The smoother you drive the more traction you have.
    SWERVISM
  280. Speeders are how much more likely to die?
    2x
  281. Cornering: less is more
    • Less speed= more traction
    • Less turn=More traction
  282. Develop sensitivity to your car
    • Listen to it
    • Feel how it moves
    • Notice smells (even tastes)
    • Listen and look at it
    • Use predictions
  283. Crowned road
    • Center of this road is higher than the sides are
    • A car can be pulled to one side
  284. Banked corner
    Road is on a slant so that the inside edge is closer than the outside edge. this makes it easier to turn with more stability.
  285. Compare shoes to tires
    They need to be proper for the occasion and in decent condition
  286. Check your tires
    Once a month. It should be properly inflated and when you put a penny in the tracks you shouldn't see the top of lincoln's head.
  287. Traction devices
    • Tires
    • Weight
    • Chains
  288. Tire types
    • Performance
    • All-season
    • Snow
    • studded
  289. Tire's are a driver's BFF. Look after them and they'll look after you/
    SWERVISM
  290. Understeering
    Not steering enough so that the front tires have less traction than rear tires
  291. Front-wheel (understeer) skid
    • Look where you go
    • Ease off pedal
  292. Oversteering
    Steering too much so that the back tires have less traction than the front tires
  293. Stay calm
    SWERVISM
  294. Breakdowns
    • Check rear zones
    • Signal and pull out of traffic
    • Raise head
    • Leave lights on
    • Call for help
  295. If your car breaks down, don't
    • Abandon it
    • Rely on irresponsible people
    • Stand in the road
  296.  Who you can call for breakdowns
    • Parents
    • Towing company
    • AAA
    • 911
    • Telematic services
  297. Shoulder recovery
    • Avoid hitting the brakes if the tire falls off the edge of the road
    • Ease speed off and steering on
  298. Do bicyclists have to ride in single or double file?
    No, but they can't take over the roadway
  299. For bikes the
    • Front light must be white and visible from 500ft
    • The back light must be yellow and visible from 600 ft
  300. Animals
    • Avoid when safe
    • Avoid when necessary
  301. If you suspect someon it under any influence
    • Get license plate #, car description, direction they're going
    • Report it
    • Don't try and stop them yourself
  302. When it comes to other drivers, don't
    • Rely on them for your safety
    • Let them bug you
  303. When around trucks
    • Avoid their blind spots
    • Use both hands to steer
    • Give them extra room
    • Be aware of falling objects
  304. Trucks flash their signal 3 time then
    Go, no matter what so get the fuck out of their way
  305. Rural roads
    • Usually 2 lanes
    • Poor lights
    • Sharp curves
    • Casual/no traffic control
  306. What to do on rural roads
    • Use high aim vision
    • Anticipate directions
    • Have 3-4 elephant following distance
  307. Passing on 2 lane roads
    • Cars on dashed side can pass when clear, cars on solid can not.
    • Assess situation
    • SMMOG
    • Steer
    • Smooth acceleration: 10-15 mph ahead of the car you're passing
  308. When passing ask: Is it safe? Is it legal? Is it necessary? 
    SWERVISM
  309. Keep right except to pass
    SWERVISM
  310. If you're being passed
    • Stay right
    • Slow slightly
    • Don't take it personally
  311. Be careful and watch for
    Misjudging speed and distance
  312. If a car comes head on
    • Take charge
    • Blare horn
    • GTFO
  313. Can legally speed when
    In the passing lane adn you need to pass someone. (as long as you have a dashed line.

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