Test 2 Study Qs
Card Set Information
Test 2 Study Qs
US HIST 1301 Test
US HIST 1 1301, Test 2 info
What were the 3 distinct parts of the British government?
House of Lords
House of commons
What part of English society did each part relate to in the British government fo the Monarchy?
royal family interests
What part of English society did each part relate to in the British government for the House of Lords?
voting rights 20% male pop
What part of English society did each part relate to in the British government for the House of commons?
-be a member of parliment had to be land owner
-couldnt run for office
What is the orgin for the British idea of liberty?
-arrest somebody-> they must be charged with a crime
-habeas corpus "produce the body"
-trial by jury of peers
What rights were present in the English Bill of Rights?
taxes imposed by legislature, not monarchy
free spech in Parliment
monarchy cant judge in legal cases
citizens can petition their monarch
What is the Royal Prerogative?
the authority of the monarch to do what is necessary to run and protect an empire
cut down on rum smuggling
violators tried by an admiralty court in BR
---its a court martial by the Navy
taxes to house and feed troops in America
tax stamps on written documents
everyone is effected by this, most protest in response
Patrick Henry's speech
Sons of Liberty
Boston to SC
keeping people from selling tax stamps
up taxes, 5 items- paper, paint, lead, glass, tea
closed NY colonial assembly over Quatering Act
Parliament---> colonial legislative--> taxes to citizens--> vote (in a circle)
Parliament---> taxes to citizens
Stamp Act Congress
boycott of BR goods
petition the monarch
The response to Townshed Acts that led to the dissolution of the colonial assemblies
6 more colonial legislative closed for resistance to Townshed Act
what was the ruling in the case of Campbell vs Hall?
the moarch can make law and levy taxes on a colony until the colony has its own legislature to do so (the king can no longer impose taxes)
(Sons of Liberty dressed as natives, took tea and threw in river in Boston)
close Boston trade
more troops are sent to Boston
all local govt in MA is suspended
allowed British India tea company to sell their tea in America with out taxes
hopefully it made their cheaper
increase consumption, save company from falling through
whigs def of resistance
the act and laws of the govt
whigs def of revolt
against the monarch himself (the king)
2nd Continental Congress
Continental Army- lead by G. Washington
Committee of Secret correspondence
blockage of the American coast
seize American ships
hire hessian Mercenciers to help crush rebellion
Declaration of Independence 3 parts
I. Theory of govt- John Locke
II. specific violations of the contract