language of medicine flash cards chapter 1-2

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Anonymous
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163864
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language of medicine flash cards chapter 1-2
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2012-07-24 23:16:11
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Medical Terminology
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Medical Terminology
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  1. Log/o
    Study of
  2. -sis
    State of, condition
  3. -ion
    Process
  4. -y
    Process, condition
  5. Dia-
    Through, complete
  6. Re-
    Back, backward, again
  7. Cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
    Occurs when blood vessels are damaged in the cerebrum causing bleeding and decreased blood flow to nerve cells in specific areas of the brain
  8. Prognosis
    Prediction about the outcome of an illness
  9. Thrombosis
    Condition of clot formation
  10. Nephrosis
    Abnormal condition of the kidneys
  11. Resection
    Removal of an organ or part of the body
  12. Anterior
    Pertaining to the front of a structure
  13. Axial plane
    Horizontal plane running across the body parallel to the ground dividing the body into upper and lower portions
  14. Caudal
    Pertaining to the lower portion of an organ or structure
  15. Coronal Plane
    Frontal plane; vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
  16. Cross-sectional plane
    Horizontal plane running across the body parallel to the ground dividing the body into upper and lower portions
  17. Epigastric region
    Upper middle region of the abdomen, between hypochondriac regions
  18. Frontal plane
    Vertical plane that divides the body into front and back halves
  19. Greater omentum
    Part of peritoneum in front of the abdomen that contains fat and hangs down loosely over the intestines to keep them warm
  20. Hypochondriac region
    Upper abdominal area on either side of the epigastric region beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs
  21. Hypogastric region
    Lower middle region of the abdomen
  22. Lumbar Region
    Right and left middle region near the waist
  23. Inguinal region
    Lowermost region of the abdominopelvic area on either side of the hypogastric region
  24. Lateral Plane
    Sagittal plane; vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides
  25. Posterior
    Pertaining to the back or dorsal side of the body or structure
  26. Prone
    Lying in a horizontal position with face downward
  27. Sagittal plane
    Vertical plane that divides the body into right and left portions
  28. Transverse plane
    Horizontal plane that divides the body into top and bottom halves
  29. Ventral
    Pertaining to the front
  30. Thel/o
    Nipple
  31. Kary/o
    Nucleus
  32. -plasm
    Formation
  33. -ism
    Process, condition
  34. Bol/o
    To cast (throw)
  35. Where does catabolism take place in the cell?
    Mitochondria
  36. Where does anabolism take place in the cell?
    Endoplasmic reticulum
  37. What are the types of connective tissue?
    Adipose, cartilage, bone, and blood
  38. What organs are in the RUQ?
    Right lobe of liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small and large intestines
  39. What organs are in the LUQ?
    Left lobe of liver, stomach, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, and large intestine
  40. What organs are in the RLQ?
    Appendix, right ovary, right fallopian tube, right ureter, small intestine, large intestine
  41. What organs are in the LLQ?
    Left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter, small intestine, and large intestine
  42. Number of Cervical vertebrae?
    7
  43. Number of thoracic vertebrae?
    12
  44. Number of lumbar vertebrae?
    5
  45. Number of sacral vertebrae?
    5 fused (sacrum)
  46. Number of coccygeal vertebrae?
    4 fused (coccyx)

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