Chemistry 2 - Unit 6 - Functional Groups

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Author:
wintpham
ID:
163880
Filename:
Chemistry 2 - Unit 6 - Functional Groups
Updated:
2012-07-25 02:17:11
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Functional Groups
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Functional Groups
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  1. Alkanes
    simplest hydrocarbons, C-C single bonds
  2. Alkene
    C=C double bond
  3. Alkyne
    C=C triple bond
  4. Aromatic Ring
    ring of carbons
  5. Alcohol
    contains hydroxl (-OH)
  6. Thiol
    contains (-SH) 
  7. Ether
    contains an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms (R-O-R)
  8. Aldehyde
    contains carbon atom double bond to oxygen atom (C=O) (R-CHO)
  9. Ketone
    • carbon in (C=O) is also attached to two other carbons
    • C-C=O
    •      |
    •     C
  10. Carboxylic Acids
    • carbonyl group attached to hydroxl group
    • (R-COOH or R-CO2H)
  11. Ester
    • contains carboxyl group between carbon atoms
    • (RCOOR')
  12. Amine
    nitrogen atom -N-
  13. Amide
    • hydroxl group of carboxylic acid is replaced by a nitrogen group
    • (-CONH2 or CONHR)

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