Sociology

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Author:
ria
ID:
16398
Filename:
Sociology
Updated:
2010-04-27 06:11:10
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Soc terms
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Intro to soc
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  1. Social Identity
    how individuals define themselves in relationship to groups with which they affiliate
  2. Social Institution
    a group of social positions, connected by social relations, performing a social role; also defined in a narrow sense as any institution in a society that works to socialize the groups or people within it.
  3. Anomie
    a sense of aimlessness or despair that arises when we can no longer expect life to be predictable
  4. Sociological Imagination
    • See our intensely personal, private experience of life as typical of the period and place we live
    • "the ability to connect the most basic, intimate aspects of an individual's life to seemingly impersonal and remote historical features"
  5. Macro vs. Micro
    • Micro - Personal (such as troubles) - focuses on a single person. i.e. one person out of 1000 being unemployed
    • Macro - Society (issues) - focuses on society as a whole i.e. a large number of people unemployed in a single area
  6. Drama Anaology
    • Study of the roles people play, such as actors performing roles in a play, and the script itself
    • The script dictates how the narrative unfolds - social structure
  7. 5 Basic Sociological Concepts
    • 1) Social Structure
    • 2) Social Action
    • 3) Functional Integration
    • 4) Social Power
    • 5) Culture
  8. Social Action
    • meaningful action that is influenced by ppl's understandings of situations that confront them as well as their expectations of their consequences of their actions
    • Not social actions: Basic bodily functions

    A->B->B->A->B..etc
  9. Functional Integration
    • Interdependence among the parts of a social system in a society
    • i.e. US employers depend on the education system to pre-qualify workers
  10. Social Power
    The capacity of social actors to get others to do what they want or the position where you can benefit from people/things and their actions
  11. Culture
    • Macro Level phenomenon
    • influences how we think and act, interpret actions, see the world
  12. Sociology vs. Common Sense
    • common sense is knowledge from life experience and the key ideas are shared
    • it differs from soc bc soc uses scientific method and is always informed by prior research
    • in some instances, common sense may contradict sociological findings
  13. Insights to Sociology
    • 1. Humans are social animals
    • 2. human behavior is largely shaped by the groups to which people belong
    • 3. Human behavior is shaped in these communities through social interaction between groups
    • 4. socializing institution
    • 5. Social identity
  14. A->B->B->A....A->B->..etc
    Acts -> interprets -> acts -> interprets... etc
  15. Socialization
    The process by which the content of your culture is instilled in someone and becomes a member of society (but different than assimilation)

    • Values - what's important
    • Norms - Rules
    • Expectations - what we are allowed to do
    • Beliefs
  16. Looking Glass Self
    • Cooley
    • -each person has a sense of self/a distinct identity
    • -we acquire sense of self by seeing outselves reflected in other ideas, attitudes, behaviors toward us and imagining what they think of us
    • -it is a social construction and can't exist outside of society
  17. Idea of role-taking
    • Mead
    • focuses on role taking as being essential to socialization
    • distinction between "i" and "me"
    • social interaction focuses on self-monitoring
    • necessary to anticipate people's response to our actions
    • concept of the generalized other
  18. Freud
    • Notion of internal dynamics
    • id - primitive part - biological drives
    • ego - rational part - mediates between id and reality
    • superergo - obedience and rules in society - culture
  19. Family (means of socialization)
    • introduces child to intimate, personal relationships
    • Birth order often impacts amount of attention children receive -> affect personality
  20. Peers
    • first experience to equal status relationships
    • develop norms, values about friendship
    • lead to development of new social structure
    • socializes you into subculture
  21. Mass Media
    • Television - most important medium of influences
    • Stereotypes - tend to shape expectations and understandings of ppl and situations
    • Shapes world view, how we see things, what we interpret
  22. Schools/education
    • become one of the primary agens that take kids away from homes anf family
    • introduces children to broader societal structures and reinforces male and female voices
  23. Networks and organizations
    how people engage and participate in society
  24. Social Network
    • set of relationships among the group of people linked together directrly or indirectly through various communications or dealings
    • ex. clubs, family, church, roommates
  25. Social Status
    refers to any position in the social structure
  26. Ascribed Status
    • A status a person is born into
    • i.e. royalty, gender, race, etc
  27. Achieved status
    • a status someone acquires through effort
    • i.e. careers
  28. Master Status
    • could be ascribed or achieved
    • tends to shape a person's identity throughout his or her life
    • i.e. religion, disability, etc
  29. Salient status
    • a social position that dominates in a particular social context
    • i.e. captain of sports team

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