Review for Final Exam US Political Science

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Review for Final Exam US Political Science
2012-07-25 22:03:59
Professor Cloward

US PS Final Exam
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  1. Political Context of Kennedy's Assassination 
    Kennedy was assassinated during the Cold War, Berlin Wall, and the Cuban Missile Crisis 
  2. The way they changed the presidency: FDR, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson 
    • Franklin D. Roosevelt: New Deal 
    • Theodore Roosevelt: Stewarship Theory
    • Woodrow Wilson: International Affairs, League of Nations 
  3. Parties and their philosophies 
    Socialist Party 
    Green Party
    Democratic Party(Liberal Centrist)
    Republican Party(conservative, neo-conservative) 
    Fascism (no viable party) 
    Libertarian and American Independent Party 
    • Socialist Party USA: supporters of equality economically, politically and socially - state focus on human development 
    • Green Party: pol, econ, soc justice. Improving pples life through jobs programs, welfare, universal healthcare
    • Democratic Party(Liberal Centrist): some state intervention, education, healthcare, abortion, gun control, supporters of war against terror 
    • Republican Party(conservative, neo-conservative): limited or no state intervention
    • Fascism (no viable party): supporters of some members of society to control others 
    • Libertarian and American Independent Party: Privatized businesses  
  4. Interest Groups 
    • PAC: not corp
    • SPAC: cannot directly give money 
    • Corporate Personhood: allowed corporations to participate in campaigns 
  5. Health Care Industry Ranking in Terms of Lobbying 
    top 5 and top 20 - 2009 
  6. Election and Citizen Participation 
    Redistricting, Re-aporshionment, Gerrymandering 
    • Redistricting: redrawing district lines
    • Re-approtionment: shifting number of seats (population) 
    • Gerrymandering: manipulating the redistricting process to gain dem or rep districts 
  7. Voting Models: Prospective, Retrospective, Electoral Competition 
    • Prospective: pple that vote look at what a candidate/gov says they will do in the future
    • Retrospective: When pple who are voting look back at what a prez/gov has done, rewarding or punishing the adminst. 
    • Electoral Competition: Candidates perspective, candidates wanting to get elected need to be attractive to centrists (swing votes) 
  8. Congress: Name of Chambers and Demographics 
    • Length to serve in Congress 
    • HOR: 2yrs
    • Senate: 6yrs
  9. cloture, fillibuster, unanimous consent 
    • un consent: all senators must vote in favor of debating a bill (one senator can block it) 
    • fillibuster: unlimited debate, 3/5 vote to end it 
  10. Marbury v. Madison 
    • Marbury v. Madison: Established Judicial review (Appointment of fed judge) 
    • Griswold v. Conneticut: no gov involvement in privacy (use of contraceptives)
    • Texas v. Johnson: protest again Regan Adminst. symbolic speech, burning of flag 
    • Roe v. Wade:
    • Brandonberg v. Ohio: KKK imminent, lawlwess action cannot be provoked
    • Shank v. U.S. : illegal to interfere in military operations (pamphlateer to resist draft in WWI) 
    • Lee v. Wiseman:
    • Employment Division v. Smith: believe anything, but can't break law (getting high for NA church)
    • Santa Fe v. Dough: Unconstitutional for prayers in school sponsored event. (est clause violation)  
    • Gitlow v NY: free speech is not absolute, getting together and overthrowing the gov. cannot advocate revolution by violent means  
  11. Electoral College 
    • Framers were not sure how to get a president
    • concern a nefarious character would be elected since country was too big to get news out
    • healthy fear of democracy: elect a populist president who would redistribute wealth 
    • Give small states a more eqaul voice vis-a-vis large states