Government Test 3

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Author:
atcannon
ID:
164000
Filename:
Government Test 3
Updated:
2012-07-26 15:54:29
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Government
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Description:
Ch 7-9
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  1. An interest group is...
    an organization that actively attempts to influence government policy.
  2. Interest groups...
    have the right "peaceably to assemble" under the Frist Amendment.
  3. A lobbyist is...
    an individual or organization who attempts to influence legislation and government administrative decisions.
  4. A(n)... is a group of political activists who organize to win elections, operate the government, and determine public policy.
    political party
  5. Lobbying is...
    an individual's or organization's attempt to influence legislation and government administrative decisions.
  6. Alexis de Tocqueville observed  in 1834 that "in no country of the world has the principle of association been....
    more successfully used or applied to a greater multitude of objectives than in America."
  7. In Madison's view, a multitude of interests...
    works to discourage the formation of an oppressive majority interest.
  8. A(n)... is a movement that represents the demands of a large segment of the public for political, economic, or social change.
    social movement
  9. All of the following statements about social movements are true except...
    they typically represent social elites.
  10. More interest groups are formed to represent...interest than any other type of interest.
    Economic
  11. A statewide election of delegates to a political party's national convention to help a party to determine its presidential nominee is...
    a presidential primary.
  12. To be elected President of the United States, a candidate must...
    be a natural-born U.S citizen.
  13. A candidate for the U.S. Senate...
    must be a resident of the state from which elected.
  14. Holders of political office in the United States today are usually...
    white and male.
  15. As a result of ... the number of African American public officials increased throughout the United States.
    civil rights legislation in the 1960s
  16. Until recently, women were generally considered to be appropriate candidates...
    only for lower-level offices, such as state legislator or school board member.
  17. In the last twenty years the number of women running for office at the federal and state level has...
    increased significantly.
  18. Candidates for public office are likely to be...
    lawyers.
  19. Campaigns, which used to center on political parties, now center on...
    candidates.
  20. Part of the reason for the increased intensity of campaigns in the last decade is that they are now centered on the...
    candidate, not on the parties.
  21. The candidate-centered campaign emerged in response to all of the following developments except
    the increasingly important role of the parties
  22. A striking feature of today's political campaigns is the...
    importance of paid professionals rather than volunteers.
  23. Most political consultants...
    will work only for candidates of one political party
  24. The goal of a political campaign is to...
    win the election.
  25. In order to win in American politics today, candidates seek to capture...
    all of the votes of their party's supporters, a majority of the independent voters and a few votes from supporters of the other party.
  26. If a candidate is a highly visible incumbent seeking reelection,...
    there may be little need to campaign except to remind voters of the officeholder's good deeds.
  27. In the case of an independent candidate or a candidate representing a minor party, the most pressing problem is to convince voters...
    that they have a serious chance of winning.
  28. Tracking polls are used...
    on a daily basis to find out how well a candidate is competing for votes as Election Day approaches.
  29. A small group of individuals who are led in discussion by a professional consultant to gather opinions on, and responses to, candidates and issues is a...
    focus group.
  30. The general intent of the several federal corrupt practices acts passed by Congress was to...
    limit and regulate the size and sources of contributions and expenditures in political campaings.
  31. The people that a legislator spends considerable time and effort serving are...
    constituents
  32. The founders of the American republic believe that most of the power that would be exercised by a national government should be in the hands of the...
    legislature
  33. The logic of seperate constituencies and separate interest underlying the bicameral Congress was reinforced by...
    difference in length of tenure
  34. The principal and most obvious function of any legislature is...
    lawmaking
  35. The concept of logrolling refers to...
    an arrangement by which two or more members of Congress agree in advance to support each other's bills.
  36. A representative who is performing the role of a trustee is...
    acting on conscience or representing the broad interest of the entire society.
  37. A representative who acts on conscience or to represent the broad interests of the entire society is acting as a(n)...
    trustee
  38. A representative who is performing the role of an instructed delegate is...
    primarily representing the wishes of his or her constituents.
  39. A representative who primarily represents the wishes of his or her constituents is acting as a(n)...
    instructed delegate.
  40. One major problem with the role of the instructed delegate is that...
    the constituents may not actually have well-formed views on many issues.
  41. Casework is...
    constituent service
  42. A Person who hears and investigates complaints by private officials against public officials or agencies is...
    an ombudsperson
  43. Oversight is the process by which Congress...
    makes sure laws it has enacted are being enforced in the way it intended
  44. When Congress makes sure laws it has enacted are being enforced in the way it intended, it is exercising...
    oversite
  45. Determining which public-policy questions will be debated or considered is...
    agenda setting.
  46. The enumerated powers of Congress are powers...
    expressly given to that body in the Constitution.
  47. Which of the following Is Not a congressional power provided for by an Amendment to the Constitution?
    declaring war
  48. The necessary and proper clause...
    has expanded the role of the national government relative to the states.
  49. One major difference between the House and Senate is the total number of members, a difference that has meant....
    a greater number of formal rules are needed to govern activity in the House.
  50. An attempt in the Senate to prevent the passage of a bill through the use of unlimited debate is...
    filibuster

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