Male Reproductive System

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Male Reproductive System
2012-07-26 14:28:56
male reproductive system

male reproductive system
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  1. balan/o
    glans penis
  2. orch/o
    testis or testicle 
  3. perine/o
  4. epididymis
    coiled duct that stores sperm before emission
  5. glans penis
    bulging structure at the distal end of the penis 
  6. prepuce
  7. vas deferens 
    duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
  8. seminal vesicle 
    sac-like structures that secrete a substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer 
  9. ejaculatory duct
    duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle 
  10. prostate gland
    gland that encloses the urethra 
  11. bulbourethral glands
    pair of glands with ducts opening into the urethra-- adds a sticky fluid to the semen 
  12. perineum
    external region between the scrotum and anus 
  13. spermatic cord
    cord containing the vas deferens, arteries, veins, lymph vessels, and nerves that extends from the internal inguinal ring through the inguinal canal to each testicle 
  14. aspermia
    inability to ejaculate sperm
  15. azoospermia 
    semen without living spermatozoa 
  16. oligospermia
    scanty production of sperm
  17. mucopurulent discharge
    drainage of mucus and pus
  18. anorchism
    absence of one or both testes
  19. balanitis 
    inflammation of glans penis
  20. cryptorchism
    undescended testicle 
  21. epididymitis
    inflammation of the epididymis
  22. hydrocele
    hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis 
  23. hypospadias 
    congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis 
  24. phimosis
    narrowed condition of the foreskin 
  25. benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH)
    enlargement of the prostate gland
  26. prostatitis 
    inflammation of the prostate
  27. spermatocele 
    painless, benign cystic mass containing perm lying above the posterior to the testicle, but separate from it 
  28. varicocele
    enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis 
  29. chlamydia
    most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America
  30. gonorrhea
    contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes 
  31. hepatitis B virus (HBV)
    virus that causes inflammation of the liver as a result of transmission through any body fluid
  32. herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
    virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genitals
  33. digital rectal exam (DRE)
    insertion of a finger into the rectum to palpate the rectum and prostate 
  34. prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
    blood test used to screen for prostate cancer
  35. urethrogram
    x-ray of the urethra and prostate
  36. epididymectomy
    removal of an epididymis 
  37. orchiectomy
    removal of a testicle 
  38. orchioplasty
    repair of a testicle 
  39. orchiopexy
    fixation of an undescended testis 
  40. prostatectomy
    excision of the prostate gland
  41. transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
    removal of prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope
  42. vasectomy
    removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male 
  43. vasovasostomy
    restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after vasectomy
  44. penile self-injection
    injection therapy used to treat erectile dysfunction