Card Set Information

2012-07-26 15:02:17
Male reproductive system

medical terminoligy for the male reproductive system
Show Answers:

  1. balan/o
    glans penis
  2. epididym/o
  3. orch/o  orchi/o  orchid/o  test/o
    testis or testicle
  4. perine/o
  5. prostat/o
  6. sperm/o  spermat/o
    sperm (seed)
  7. vas/o
  8. sperm or spermatozoon
    male gamete or sex cell in the testes
  9. epididymis
    coiled duct on top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
  10. glans penis
    "head" of the penis
  11. prepuse
  12. vas deferens
    duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
  13. seminal vesicle
    one of two sac-like structes laying behine the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side - secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
  14. semen
    mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vessicle, prostate and bulbourethral glans discharged from the male urethra during orgasm
  15. ejaculatory duct
    duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesible; its fluid is carried into the urethra
  16. prostate gland
    trilobular gland that encurcles the urethra just below the bladder - secretes alkaline fluid into the semen
  17. bulbourethral glands (Cowper glands)
    pair of glands below the prostate with ducts opening into the urethra - adds a viscid fluid into the semen
  18. spermatic cord
    cord containing the vas deferens, arteries, veins, lymph vessels, and nerves that extends from the internal inguinal ring through the inguinal canal to each testicle
  19. zoo or zo-o
  20. oligospermia
    scanty sperm production
  21. mucopurulent dishcarge
    drainage of musuc and pus
  22. anorchidism
    absense of one or both testes
  23. balanitis
    inflammation of the glans penis
  24. cryptorchism
    undescended testicle
  25. hydocele
    hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
  26. hypospadias
    congenital opening of the male urethra onm the undersurface of the penis
  27. spadias
    to draw away
  28. phimosis
    narrowed condition of the prepuse resulting in its unability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection - commonly requires circumcision
  29. benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
    enlargement of the prostate gland; frequently seen in older men, causing urinary obstruction
  30. spermatocele
    painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to the testicle but separate from it
  31. varicocele (on test)
    enlarges, swollen herniated veins near the testis
  32. chlamydia
    most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often ocurs with no Sx and is treated only after it has spread
  33. gonorrhea
    contageous inflammation of the genital mucous membranes cause by an invasion of the nonococcus
  34. syphilis
    infectious disease cause by a spirochete transmitted by direct intimate contact that may involve any organ or tussue over time
  35. HBV - Hep B
    virus that causes inflammation of the liver as a result of transmission through any body fluid including vaginal secretions, semen and blood
  36. HSV-2 - herpes simplex virus type-2
    virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa
  37. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  38. HPV
    human papilloma virus
  39. PSA
    prostate specific antigen test - blood test to screen for prostate cancer
  40. urethrogram
    xray of the urethra and prostate
  41. orchiopexy
    fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
  42. transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
    removal of the prostate gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope - commonly used for benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
  43. vasovasostomy  
    restoration of the vas deferens in the reversal of a vasectomy
  44. cancer immunotherapy
    tratment for cancer that simulates the body's own immune response
  45. brachytherapy
    implantation of radioactive seeds
  46. BPH
    benign prostatic hypertrophy/hyperplasia
  47. Bx
  48. ED
    erective dysfunction
  49. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  50. HPV
    human papilloma vius
  51. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  52. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  53. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate