Final Exam

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  1. relational learning
    learning that comes from a particular relationship but generalizes to other contexts
  2. Intercultural Relationships Personal-Contextual Dialectic
    Intercultural relationships are both consistent from situation to situation, but there are also contexts where things may be different
  3. Intercultural Relationships Differences-Similarities Dialectic
    some people are attracted to people similar to them, others may be attracted to those that differ from them
  4. Intercultural Relationships Cultural-Individual Dialectic
    communication in intercultural relationships is both cultural and individual
  5. Intercultural Relationships Privilege-Disadvantage Dialectic
    people may be privileged in some contexts, but disadvantaged in others
  6. Intercultural Relationships Static-Dynamic Dialectic
    people and relationships are constantly in flux
  7. Intercultural Relationships History/Past-Present/Future Dialectic
    it is often important to consider historical context of relationships
  8. similarity principle
    a principle of relational attraction suggesting that individuals tend to be attracted to people they perceive to be similar to themselves
  9. cognitive consistency
    having a logical connection between existing knowledge and a new stimulus
  10. self disclosure
    revealing information about oneself
  11. line of sight data
    information about other people’s identity based on visible physical characteristics
  12. 4 Styles of Interaction within intercultural relationships
    • Submission style: one partner submits to the culture of the other partner and abandons their own
    • Compromise style: each partner gives up some of their culturally bound habits and beliefs
    • Obliteration style: both partners attempt to erase their individual cultures
    • Consensus style: both partners deal with cultural differences by negotiating their relationship
  13. The Similarity Principle
    we tend to be attracted to people whom we perceive to hold attitudes to ours
  14. complementarity in a relationship
    we are attracted to persons who are somewhat different from ourselve
  15. macroculture
    culture of origin
  16. family rules
    teachings of obligations and expectations of behavior
  17. supportive communication
    the quality of affirming family members during crisis
  18. Communicative Receptivity
    each family’s degree of openness to communication and ability to incorporate and apply new information into family member relationships
  19. equifinality
    a system can reach the same end-state or goal through different means
  20. Adaptation Patterns
    • One-way adjustment(submission): one of the spouses adopts new cultural standards and gives up their own
    • Alternative adjustment: the partners of the family adopt first one culture, then the other
    • Mixing(compromise): partners adopt elements of both cultures at the same time
    • Midpoint compromise(consensus): the family does something culturally specific to one partner, but it is discussed beforehand
    • Creative adjustment(obliteration): both partners give up their cultural behaviors and invent a new behavior pattern
  21. Intergroup Theory
    social identity develops when you have a group to rely on
  22. pacifism
    opposition to the use of force under any circumstances
  23. intermediary
    in a formal setting, a professional third party, such as a lawyer, real estate agent, or counselor, who intervenes when two parties are in conflict. Informal intermediaries may be friends or colleagues who intervene
  24. facework
    communication strategies used to “save” our own or someone else’s “face,” or public image
  25. 5 Styles of managing conflict
    • dominating
    • integrating
    • compromising
    • obliging
    • avoiding
  26. affective conflict
    when people become aware that their feelings and emotions are incompatible
  27. conflict of interest
    incompatible preferences for a course of action or plan to pursue
  28. value conflict
    when people differ in ideologies on specific issues
  29. cognitive conflict 
    2 or more people become aware that their thought processes or perceptions are incongruent
  30. goal conflict
    when people disagree about a preferred outcome or end state
  31. The Humanness Principle
    requires individuals to be responsive in their actions and the impact they might have on humanity
  32. The Dialogic Principle
    concerns specific attitudes of communicators toward each other, stresses the centrality of relationships
  33. The Principle of Speaking “with” and “to”
    promotes speaking with and to rather than speaking for others. listen to others
  34. self-knowledge
    the quality of knowing how one is perceived as a communicator, as well as one’s strengths and weaknesses
  35. empathy
    the capacity to “walk in another person’s shoes”
  36. D.I.E. exercise
    device that helps us determine if we are communicating at a descriptive, interpretive, or evaluative level. Only descriptive statements are nonjudgmental
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Final Exam

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