CH 16: Part II

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Author:
mariamandrussow
ID:
164094
Filename:
CH 16: Part II
Updated:
2012-07-26 19:59:53
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Male Repro
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Male Repro
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  1. aspermia
    inability to secrete/ejaculate sperm
  2. azoospermia
    semen without living sperm (spermatozoa), a sign of infertility
  3. oligospermia
    scanty production/expulsion of sperm
  4. mucopurulent discharge
    drainage of mucus and pus
  5. anorchism
    ansence of one or both testes
  6. balanitis
    inflammation of glans penis
  7. cryptorchism
    • undescended testicle
    • most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal
  8. epididymitis
    inflammation of the epididymis
  9. hydrocele
    hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
  10. hypospadias
    opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
  11. erectile dysfunction (ED)
    • failure to initiate/maintain an erection until ejactulaion
    • physical or psychological dysfunction
  12. phimosis
    • narrowed condition of the prepuse (foreskin)
    • inability to be drawn over the glans-infection-necessary circumcision
  13. benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH)
    • enlargement of the prostate gland
    • seen in older men, causes urinary obstruction
  14. prostate cancer
    malignancy of the prostate gland
  15. prostatitis
    inflammation of the prostate
  16. spermatocele
    • painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm
    • above and posterior to the testicle
  17. testicular cancer
    • malignant tumore of the testis
    • often developing from germ cells (produce sperm)
  18. varicocele
    enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near testis
  19. chlamydia
    • most common STD
    • bacterial infection in North America, often occurs without symptoms--treated after it has spread
  20. gonorrhea
    inflammation of the genital mucous membranes by  invasion of gonococcus
  21. syphilis
    • infectious disease caused by spirochete (transmitted thru direct intimate contact)
    • appear as small, red papules on skin that form bloodless ulcers called chancres
  22. hepatitis B virus
    • inflammation of the liver
    • transmission through body fluid
  23. herpes simplec virus type 2
    • ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa
    • can lie dormant and emerge in times of stress
  24. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • causes AIDS
    • lowers immune response, permiting opportunistic infections, malignancies, etc.
  25. human papilloma virus (HPV)
    (aka: condyloma acuminatum & papilloma condylomata acuminata)
    • transmits thru sexual contact
    • infection in skin or mucous membranes of genitals
    • cauliflower-like warts (skin)
    • flat appearance (mucous membrane)
  26. biopsy (Bx) of the prostate
    • needle biopsy of the prostate
    • use of ultrasound guidance
  27. testicular biopsy
    biopsy of a testicle
  28. digital rectal exam (DRE)
    insertion of a finger into the male rectu, to palpate the rectum and prostate
  29. prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
    • blood test used to screen for prostate cancer
    • an elevated level of this antigen indicates possible tumor
  30. urethrogram
    x-ray of the urethra and prostate
  31. semen analysis
    • sperm count, morphology (form), mortility
    • used to rule out infertility
  32. endorectal (transrectal) sonogram of the prostate
    scan of the prostate after ultrasonic transducer is introducted

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