carved-out protista that include Parabasalids (trichomonas), Euglenazoans (Euglena gracilis) and Kinetoplastids (Trypanasoma)
one-haired parabasalid (protist, Excavate) that attacks the vaginal wall. Sexually transmitted. Most common protozoan infection.
Mixotrophic Euglenid (Protist, Excavate) that is less dependant on environment. Tumbles, moving toward flagella. 2 or 3 red "eye spots" that block the photosensitive tissue behind, to guess direction.
parasitic Kinetoplastid (Protist, Excavate) that causes African Sleeping Sickness (super-anemia). Uses your RBCs to reproduce. Floaty worm in blood smear. Endoflagellum causes sidewinder movement.
cyanobacteria with colored air sacs under shell. Includes dinoflagellates, ciliaphora, phaeophyta, bacillariophyta.
chromoalveolates that cause red tides. Shellfish eat them, we eat shellfish and causes paralytic shellfish disease. Move with a twirling motion. One example is peridinium.
a dinoflagellate (chromoalveolates) that is rust-colored and tiny.
3 types of ciliaphora
(chromoalveolate). Paramecium bursari
ciliaphora (chromoalveolate) that has a symbiotic relationship with chlorella
ciliaphora (chromoalveolate) heterotroph that looks like paramecium bursari but doesn't have any chlorella
ciliaphora (chromoalveolate) with modified cilia that creates a whirlpool to suck in food
Brown algae/seaweed with bubbles full of salt water. (Chromoalveolate)
"root-bearing" protist that uses pseudopods and cytoplasmic streaming for locomotion. Includes Radiolaria and Foramenifera
Amoeba stuck into a silica shell (Rhizaria protist) that looks like a christmas ornament. Uses pseudopod/amoeboid movement and cytoplasmic streaming. Shoots stringy projections out of pores of shell to grab things.
amoeba stuck into a calcium (carbonate) shell (Rhizaria protist) that makes up the white cliffs of dover. Shoots stringy projections out of pores of shell (spiderman), using amoeboid movement/cytoplasmic streaming.
red algae/seaweed. Archaeplastid. Sushi seaweed.
gave rise to land plants (differentiation). Archaeplastid. Multicellular green algae/seaweed.
Chlorophyta, Archaeplastida, Protista. Single-celled flagellates that all swim towards each other, making a ball that rolls. Spit gametes in center to form daughter-balls that escape when the big colony dies. Rolls.
Chlorophyta, Archaeplastida, Protista. Spiral roads of chloroplasts constantly moving in double helix pattern with cytoplasmic streaming--first to use it for organization of organelles.
closest to humans. Protist. Consists of Amoebazoans (Amoeba proteus)
Pseudopod, Amoebazoan, Unikont, Protist. Eats by moving around things to create a vacuole. Pseudopod movement (cytoplasmic streaming)
Closest to humans:
Choanoflagellate. Deviation from Unikonts.
"beside animals". Sponges (Porifera). different cell types working in true multicellular fashion.
"pore-bearing". The sponges. Parazoan.
Consist of different cell types working together. Choanocytes make a current for food to get stuck and amoebacytes digest the food. Snapshot between single and multicellular organisms. Have spicules.
Sponge skeletal pieces--like jacks, shaped like snowflakes. Not-alive protein deposits jammed in randomly.
True animals that change. Have radial symmetry and go through metamorphosis. Include Diploblastic Cnidarians (Hydrozoans, Scyphozoans, Anthozoans). 2 morphologies (sessile polyp and medusa)
having "double" embryonic tissues: endoderm and ectoderm. Also have mesoglea (not a tissue, more of a place-holder).
"barbed cells". Diploblastic stinging organisms (toxins). Polyp or Medusa. Hydrazoan, Scyphozoan, Anthozoan. Go through a metamorphosis.
Polyp. Can be colonial (Obelia--big body always releasing Medusa) or Singular (brown hydra. Pulls tentacles inside to make a bulb to release medusa gametophytes. Fertilize, drop, sessile.
Jellyfish. Spend most of life as a medusa. Exchange gametes, fertilized zygote drops, spends a couple days as a polyp and then changes.
flower-animals. Only exist as polyps--no medusa phase. Sea Anemone (singular) or coral (colonial).
difference between pseudocoelomic and coelomic
pseudo only have mesoderm on one side of the body cavity. Other side is endo. In coelomic animals the entire cavity is lined with mesoderm and can differentiate or hold down (mesentaries)