Health One Drug Card

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Ironarchie
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164172
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Health One Drug Card
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2012-10-08 17:57:41
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Paramedic Drug Cards
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Health One Drug Cards
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  1. Aspirin
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  2. Adenocard
    • Name
    • :Class
    • :Action:
    • Indication
    • :Contra:
    • Side
    • :Dose:
  3. Albuterol
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  4. Benadryl
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  5. Brethine
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action
    • :Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  6. Calcium Gluconate
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  7. Dextrose 50
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  8. Dopamine
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  9. Etomidate
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  10. Furosemide
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  11. Flumazeril
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  12. Epinepherine (1:10000)
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  13. Epinephrine (1:1000)
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  14. Amiodarone
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  15. Lidocaine
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  16. Haloperidol
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  17. Cardizem
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  18. Atropine Sulfate
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  19. Fentanyl
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  20. Glucagon
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  21. Diazepam
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  22. Ipratroprium
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  23. Lorazepam
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  24. Magnesium Sulfate
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  25. Mannitol
    • Name:
    • Class:
    • Action:
    • Indication:
    • Contra:
    • Side:
    • Dose:
  26. What is the other name for Aspirin?
    ASA, Acetylsalicylic  Acid
  27. What is the Class of Drug for Asprin?
    AntiPlatelet, Salicylate
  28. What Action does Aspirin take?
    • Interrupts Thromboxone
    • inhibits prostaglandins
  29. What are the indications for Aspirin
    Chest Pain of suspected Cardiac origin.
  30. What are the contraindications of Aspirin?
    • Pt. Unable to swallow,
    • Active bleeding ulcer,
    • asa allergy
  31. What are the side effects of Aspirin?
    • Stomach irritation of stomach
    • bronchospasms in some pts. with asthma
  32. What is the dose of aspirin?
    162 - 324 mg PO  (2 - 4 81 mg tablets)
  33. What are the special considerations of Aspirin?
    • Pills should be chewed not swallowed,
    • asa has no effect on existing clots,
    • you can give asa to pt. on anticoagulates.
  34. What class is Atropine sulfate in?
    Anticholinergic
  35. What action does atropine sulfate take?
    Competes with acetylcholine receptor site at the AV/SA  nodes.   Raises HR which Raises conduction at t he SA and AV nodes.

    Inhibits secertions bt decreasing PNS effect on bronchial, salivary, sweat glands.
  36. What are the indications for Atropine Sulfate?
    1.  Symptomatic bradycardia

    2. organophosphate OD
  37. What are the conrtaindications of Atropine Sulfate?
    High degree heart block, glaucoma
  38. What are the side effects of atropine sulfate?
    Tachycardia, dry flush skin, dilated pupils, elevated BP.
  39. What is the dose of Atropine sulfate?
    • Symptomatic bradycardia
    • 1.  0.5 mg IVP q 3-5 minutes  Max dose 0.04 mg/kg
    • Organophosphosate OD
    • 2. 2 mg IVP q 3.5 minutes until effective
  40. What is the other name of Albuterol?
    • Proventil
    • Ventolin
  41. What is the class of albuterol?
    • Sympathomimetic
    • selective beta2 agonist
  42. What action does albuterol take?
    • activates beta-2 receptors to relax smooth muscle,
    • bronchodilates: relieves spasms, lowers resistance
  43. What are the indications of Albuterol?
    Ashtma,  Allergic reaction / anaphylaxis, pneumonia, COPD
  44. What are the contraindications of Albuterol?
    Myocardial infarction, cardiac pulmonary edema
  45. What are the side effects of Albuterol?
    Restlessness, Dizziness, tachycardia, palpations, dysrhythmias.
  46. What is the dose of albuterol?
    2.5 mg in 3 ml of ns given in a nebulizer
  47. What is the other name of Amiodarone?
    Cordarone
  48. What class is amiodarone in?
    Class III antidysthythmic (K+ blockade)
  49. What action does amiodarone take?
    Prolongs period of action potential and effective refractory period .

    Non-competitive beta adrenoreceptor and calcium channel blocker.
  50. What are the indications of amiodarone?
    V-tach  with or without pulse and V-fib
  51. What are the contraindications of amiodarone?
    cardiogenic shock, hypotension, bradycardia
  52. What are the side effects of amiodarone?
    hypotension, HA, bradycardia
  53. What is the dose of amiodarone?
    stable v-tach - 150 mg in 50 ml ns, over 10-15 minutes.

    • pulseless v-tach - 300 mg IVP, followup dose 150 mg IVP, max dose of 450 mg, 
    • maintence drip,  1mcg/min.
  54. What is the other name of adenosine?
    Adenocard
  55. What class is adenosine in?
    Endogenous nucleoside
  56. What action does adenosine take?
    slows electrical conductivity through the AV node.
  57. What are the indications of Adenosine?
    • SVT
    • fast narrow complex >160 in stable pt.
  58. What are the contraindication of adenosine?
    Sick Sinus syndrome,  A-flutter, A-Fib, V-tach
  59. What are the side effects of adenosine?
    • Chest pain,
    • SOB,
    • Hypotension,
    • transient arrhythmias
  60. What is the dose of Adenosine?
    • 6mg IVP followed by 20 ml ns
    • 12mg IVP followed by 20 ml ns
    • 12mg IVP followed by 20 ml ns
  61. What is the other name for Brethine?
    Trebutaline
  62. What class is brethine in?
    Beta-2 agonist
  63. What action does brethine take?
    Beta-2 effects and some beta-1 effects
  64. What are the indications for brethine?
    • Obstructive SOB, 
    • Asthma
    • Bronchitis
    • emphsema
  65. What are the contraindications to Brethine?
    MI, cardio pulmonary edema
  66. What are the side effects of brethine?
    • Tachycardia / palpations
    • anxiety / restlessness
    • sleeplessness
  67. What is the dosage of brethine?
    0.25 mg im, sq, or prn
  68. What is the other name for benadryl?
    Diphenhydramine
  69. What class is benadryl in?
    Antihistamine
  70. What action dose benadryl take?
    binds to histamine receptor sites, suppressing histamine induced allergis symptoms.
  71. What are the indcations for benadryl?
    • Allergic reaction / anaphylaxis
    • acute dystonia
  72. What are the contraindications of benadryl?
    Asthma
  73. What are the side effects of benadryl?
    • anticholinergic effects
    • drowsiness
  74. What is the dosage for benadryl?
    40 to 50 mg ivp or deep IM.
  75. What is the class of Calcium gluconate?
    Electrolyte
  76. What action does Calcium gluconate take?
    Cardioprotective agent in Hyperkelemia
  77. What are the indications for Calcuim Gluconate?
    1. Adult  Pulseless arrest w/known hyperkalemia, renal failure, calcium channel blockers.

    2.adult or pedi Calcium channel blocker Overdose w/Hypotension and bradycardia
  78. What are the contraindications of Calcium Gluconate
    Known hypercalcemia, suspected digoxin toxicity
  79. What are the side effects of Calcium Gluconate?
    Extravasation may cause tissue necrosis, in setting of digoxin toxicity may worsed cadriovascular function.
  80. What is the dose for calcium gluconate
    for pulseless arrest    1 gram slow IVP

    for Calcium channer blocker OD 3 grams slow ivp over 2-3 minutes, q 10 minutes total of 3 doses.
  81. What is the other name for Cardizem
    Diltiazem
  82. What is the class of Cardizem?
    non-dhp calcium channel blocker
  83. What action does cardizem take?
    slows conduction at the av node,

    causes coronary and peripheral vasodialation.
  84. What are the indications for cardizem?
    • Rapid a-fib, a-flutter (both with hr >170) 
    • multi focal atrial tachycardia, 
    • svt refractory to adenosine
  85. What are contraindications for cardizem
    BP > 90, wpw syndrome, heart block, sinus tach, cardiogenic shock.
  86. what are the side effects of cardizem
    • Hypotension
    • bradycardia
    • syncope, dyspnea, dizzyness,
    • n/v and dry mouth
  87. What is the dose of cardizem?
    0.25 mg/kg slow ipv over 2 min.
  88. What class in dextrose 50 in?
    carbohydrate
  89. What action does d 50 take?
    increases free sugar in the blood stream.
  90. What are the indications of d 50?
    • Documented hyperglycemia
    • unkn cause for coma or seizures.
  91. What are the contraindications for d 50?
    intercranial Hemorrhage, suspected cva in the absence of Hypoglycemia
  92. What are the side effects of d 50?
    Hyperglycemia
  93. What is the dose of d 50?
    • 25g SVIP, 
    • Peds, 0.5 - 1mg / kg, 
    • or 
    • 2-4 ml / kg
  94. What is the other name for Diazepam
    Valium
  95. What class is Diazepam in?
    Benzodiazepine
  96. What action does Diazepam take?
    • Increase the effect of GABA, (gamma-aminyobutyvic acid).
    • also acts on CNS to raise seizure threshold.
  97. What are the indications for use of Diazepam
    Seizure activity, procedures, extreme anxiety.
  98. What are the contraindication of Diazepam?
    Resp. depression
  99. What are the side effects of Diazepam?
    • Resp. depression
    • Ataxia
    • confusion
    • psychomotor imparment
    • Hypotension
  100. What is the dose of diazepam?
    2-10 mg SIVP over 2 min. q 10-15 min.  Max dose of 30 mg.
  101. What is the other name for Dopamine?
    Intropin
  102. What is the class of dopamine
    Sympathomimetic / inotrope
  103. What is the action of dopamine?
    • low to medium = dose beta effects and some alpha effects
    • high dose  = alpha effects
  104. What is the indication for dopamine
    • 1 cardiogenic shock and symptomatic bradycardia refractory to atropine
    • 2. Distributive shock
  105. What are the contraindications of Dopamine.
    Hypovolemia
  106. What are the side effects of Dopamine?
    • elevated HR and BP, 
    • MI
    • CP, SOB, ectopy
  107. What is the dose of dopamine
    • low to med. 2-10 mcg/kg/min  
    • med to high  10-20 mcg/kg/min
  108. What is the class of drug for Epinephrine?
    Sympathomimetic
  109. What action does epinephrine take?
    • Bronchodilation, vasoconstruction
    • Chronotropic     raise hr ,
    • Inotropic            raise contracility
    • dromotropic       av conduction  and raise automaticity
  110. What are the indications for epinephrine 1:1000
    • 1.  asthma (refractory to albuterol
    • allergic reaction w/sob

    2. symptomatic bradycardia (refractory to atropine)
  111. What are the contraindcations of epinephrine (1:10000)
    none
  112. What are the side effects of epinephrine 1:1000
    • HTN
    • Tachycardia,
    • dysrhythmias, restlessness,
    • MI
    • CP
  113. What is the dose for epinephrine 1:1000
    • 1. 0.3 - 0.5 mg IM
    • 2. 1 mg into 250 ml ns, 2-10 mcg / min
  114. What are the Indications for epinephrine 1:10000
    • 1 v-tach
    • 2 anaphylaxis
  115. What are contraindication of epinephrine 1:10000
    none
  116. what are the side effects of epinephrine 1:10000
    • HTN
    • Tachycardia
    • dysrhythmias
    • restlessness
    • nausea
  117. What is the other name for Etomidate?
    Amidate
  118. What class is etomidate in?
    non-benzo sedative/hypontic
  119. What action does etomidate take?
    GABA Effects (gamma aminobutric acid)
  120. What are the indications of etomidate?
    • RSI, 
    • procedures
  121. what are the contraindications of etomidate?
    NONE
  122. What are the side effects of etomidate?
    resp. depression.
  123. What is the dose of etomidate?
    0.2 - 0.6 mg/kg IVP
  124. What is the other name for Flumazeril?
    Romazicon
  125. What class is flumazeril in?
    benzodiazpine antidote
  126. What action does flumazeril take?
    decrease the effect of GABA.
  127. What are the contrindications of Flumazeril?
    to not be overdosed by the provider
  128. What are the side effects of flumazeril
    seizures.
  129. What is the dose of flumazeril
    0.2 mg IVP  ONCE ONLY
  130. What is the other name for Fentanyl
    Sublimaze
  131. What is the class of fentanyl
    synthetic opioid analgesic
  132. What are the actions of sublimaze?
    combines w/ receptors in the brain to produce analgesic effects.
  133. What are the indications of fentanyl?
    • pain control
    • undiagnosed abd pain
    • isolated trauma,
    • mi
  134. What are the contraindications of fentanyl?
    • head injury,
    • bp < 90
  135. What are the side effects of fentanyl?
    • depressed resp rate and depth,
    • pinpoint pupils,
    • hypotension
  136. What is the dose of fentanyl?
    1-2 mcg / kg IV im or IO
  137. What is the other name for furosemide?
    Lasix
  138. What class is lasix in?
    loop diuretic
  139. What action does lasix take?
    inhibits reabsorbtion of sodium and chloride in the "Loop of Henle" and proximal and distal renal tubules.
  140. What are the indications of lasix?
    cardiac pulmonary edema.
  141. What are the contraindications of Lasix?
    BP < 90
  142. What are the side effects of lasix?
    • polyuria
    • hypotension
    • hypokalemia
  143. What is the dose for lasix?
    20 - 40 mg SIVP over 1-2 min.
  144. What class is Glucagon in?
    Hormone
  145. What action does Glucagon take?
    raise BGL by converting glycogen in liver to glucose
  146. What are the indications of Glucagon?
    Hypoglycemia w/o vascular access.

    Betablocker OD
  147. What are the contraindications to glucagon?
    NONE
  148. What are the side effects to glucagon?
    • Tachycardia
    • Hypotension
  149. What is the dose of glucagon?
    for Hypoglycemia 0.5 to 1.0 unit

    for Betablocker OD 2 units repeat PRN
  150. What is the other name for haloperidol
    Haldol
  151. What class is haloperidol in?
    butyropheone
  152. What action does haloperidol take?
    blocks dopamine receptors for mood and behavior.

    exerts strong antiemetic effects and impairs central thermoregulation
  153. What are the indications for haloperidol?
    Chemical restaint.
  154. What are the contraindications for haloperidol?
    NONE
  155. What are the side effects of haloperidol?
    • hypotension,
    • sedation
    • long q-t syndrome,
    • anticholonergic toxidrome
    • distonic reaction
  156. What is the dose of haloperidol?
    2-5 mg im
  157. What is the other name for Ipratroprium?
    atrovent
  158. What is the class of ipratroprium?
    Anticholinergic
  159. What are the actions of ipratroprium?
    blocks acetylcholine receptors on bronchial smooth muscle.
  160. What are the indications of ipratroprium?
    obstructed SOB;   asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia
  161. What are the contraindications for ipratroprium?
    MI/angina, pulmonary edema, glaucoma
  162. What are the side effects of ipratroprium?
    • tachycardia
    • anxiety / toxidrome
    • anticholonergic toxidrome
  163. What is the dose of ipratroprium?
    0.5 to 2.5 ML SVN,  q 30-45 min
  164. What is the other name for Lidocaine?
    xylocaine
  165. What class is lidocaine is?
    class 1b
  166. what action does lidocaine take?
    • sodium channel blocker,
    • alters phase "0" diasolic depolarization
  167. What are the indications of lidocaine?
    • 1.  v-tach w/pulse
    • 2. v-tach w/o pulse
    • 3. local anesthetic
  168. What are the contraindications of lidocaine?
    heart blocks
  169. What are the side effects of lidocaine
    • Slurred speech,
    • seizures
    • heartblocks
    • raise conduction of a-fib, and a-flutter
    • neurologic anesthesia
  170. What is the dose of lindcaine?
    for v-tach with pulse  =  1-1.5 mg/kg q 8min (second dose 1/2 of first.(max 3 mg/kg)

    for v-tach w/o pulse  = 1.5 mg/kg  (max 3 mg/kg)

    for anesthtic,  0.5 mg/kg io bolus (max 50 mg)
  171. What class is Magnesium sulfate in?
    Electrolyte
  172. What action does magnesium sulfate take?
    CNS depressant, and depressant of smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle.
  173. What are the indications of Magnesium sulfate?
    • Seizures,
    • refractory bronchoconstriction
    • torsades de pointes
  174. What are the contraindications of magnesium sulfate?
    NONE
  175. What are the side effects of magnesium sulfate?
    • CNS depression
    • Hypotension, 
    • resp. dep. Hypocalcemia
  176. What is the dose for magnesium sulfate?
    • seizures :  4- 6 g ivp
    • bronchoconstriction: 1-2 g ivp
    • Torsades de points 1 - 4 g ivp
  177. What is the other name for mannitol
    Osmitrol 
  178. What is the class of mannitol
    Osmotic diuretic
  179. what is the action of mannitol
    causes a fluid shift in the brain, pulls fluid into to vascular space and to be urinated off
  180. What are the indications of mannitol
    Inner cranial pressure
  181. What are the contraindicacations of mannitol?
    NONE
  182. What are the side effects of mannitol
    Hypotension
  183. What is the dose of mannitol?
    0.5 - 2.0 g/kg

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